86 SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN
International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-54...
87SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN
International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-547...
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INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER

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INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER

  1. 1. 86 SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 December ,2013 'kks/k i= & fgUnh MkW- lquhrk Mksxjk Nk;kokn dh loZJs"B dof;=h egknsoh oekZ us lgt lty e/kqj osnukuqHkwfr ls vius lEiw.kZ dkO; dks Ük`axkjk gSA nq%[k] vHkko] d:.kk ,oa Vhl muds dO; ds ewy L=ksr gSaA nq%[k egknsoh ds dkO; dk dsUnz fcanq gS vkSj blh ds pkjksa vksj “ks"k Hkko ?kwers utj vkrs gaSA ;g osnuk gh gS] tks fdlh dykdkj dh vuqHkwfr dks tkx`r djus dh lkeF;Z j[krh gSA ;s oLrqr% ,d cM+h rhoz vuqHkwfr gS] tks gesa lnk lpsr cuk,a j[krh gSA blfy, egknsoh ds dkO; esa ;fn osnuk dk izk/kkU; gS rks ;g dksbZ vk'p;Z dh ckr ugha gSA Lo;a egknsoh dk bl laca/k esa dguk gS &^^lq[k vkSj nq%[k dh /kwiNk¡gh Mksjksa ls cqus gq, thou esa eq>s dsoy n%q[k gh fxurs jguk D;ksa bruk fiz; gS] ;g cgqr yksxksa ds vk'p;Z dk dkj.k gS& lalkj lk/kkj.kr% ftls nq%[k vkSj vHkko ds uke ls tkurk gS og esjs ikl ugha gS] thou esa eq>s cgqr nqykj] cgqr vknj vkSj cgqr ek=k esa lc dqN feyk gS] ml ij ikfFkZo nq%[k dh Nk;k ugha iM+h gS dnkfpr~ ;g mlh dh izfrfØ;k gS fd osnuk eq>s bruh e/kqj yxus yxh gSA**1 cpiu ls gh Hkxoku cq) ds izfr HkfDr ,oa vuqjkx gksus rFkk muds }kjk lalkj dks nq%[kkRed le>us okys n'kZu vkSj Hkkjrh; laLd`fr dh d#.kkfiz;rk ds dkj.k Hkh egknsoh dk >qdko d#.k&dkO; dh vksj gqvkA lEHko gS fd ykSfdd nkEiR; thou dh foQyrk us Hkh mUgsa nq%[k viukus ds fy, ck/; fd;k gksA egknsoh oekZ ds thou esa ftl Øe ls osnuk dk izlkj gqvk mlh Øe ls mldk fodkl mudh jpukvksa esa Hkh fn[kkbZ nsrk gS& izFke d`fr ^uhgkj* esa vKkr fiz;re ds izfr mudh lgt dkSrqgye;h osnuk meM+h gSA vutkus gh vka[ksa ls cjlus okys vkalq mudh ftKklk dks c<+krs gSA vKkr fiz;re viuh ,d >yd fn[kk dj uk tkus dgka fNi x;k gS vkSj vc mudh thou uS;k dks fdl vksj ys tk jgk gS os tku ugha ikrh & ^^?kksj ?ku dk voxqaBu Mky] d:.kk lk D;k xkrh gS jkr nwj NwVk og ifjfpr dwy] dg jgk gS ;g >a>kokr fy, tkrs rj.kh fdl vksj] vjs esjs ukfod vutku A** f}rh; d`fr ^jf'e* esa dof;=h dh ftKklk fparu iznku gks mBh gSA vc fiz;re dh nh osnuk ds lkFk mudh vkReh;rk gks xbZ gSA mUgsa yxrk gS fd ;g vkalw] ;g ihM+k gh fiz;re ds izse dk vk/kkj gSa& ^^jp nh mlus ;g /koy lkS/k egknsoh oekZ ds dkO; esa osnuk * fgUnh foHkkxk/;{k] vkj- vkj- ,e- ds- vk;Z efgyk egkfo|ky;] iBkudksV] iatkc ys lk/kksa dh jt u;u uhj A** ^uhjtk* dkO; rd igaqprs&igaqprs mUgsa osnuk ls gh vkuUnkuqHkwfr gksus yxrh gSA vKkr fiz;re mudh vka[kksa esa lehj cu dj lek;k gqvk gSA vc fiz; ls fojg gh mudh thou dh lkFkZdrk cu xbZ gSA os vius lEiw.kZ thou dks fiz;re dh ^lk/kuk dk nhi cuk dj* tyk;s j[kus esa iw.kZr% vuqHko djrh gSaA ^lka/;xhr*esamudh fparue; fopkj/kkjk jgL;kRednk'kZfudrk esa ifjofrZr gqbZ fn[kus yxrh gSA vc mUgsa nq%[k esa gh lq[k dk vkHkkl gksus yxrk gSA bl lEcU/k esa dof;=h dk dguk gS&^^uhjtk vkSj lka/;xhr esjh ekufld fLFkfr dks O;Dr dj ldsaxs] ftuesa vuk;kl gh esjk ân; lq[k nq%[k esa lkeatL; dk vuqHko djus yxkA**2 ^nhif'k[kk* esa mudh osnuk vykSfdd d:.kk esa cny xbZ gS vkSj fiz;re dk og ojnku cu xbZ gS] ftlds fcuk thou py gh ugha ldrkA fo;ksx ekxZ gh fiz;re feyu dk vafre iFk gS] ;gh okLrfod fuokZ.k gS] ftldh pkg mUgsa uk tkus dc ls Fkh] blfy, vkalw vc fdlh ds izse ladsr yxus yxs gSa & ^^ eSa d.k&d.k esa <ky jgh gw¡ vkalw ds fel I;kj fdlh dkA** egknsoh dh osnuk ij pkgs furkar oS;fDrdrk ds fdrus Hkh vk{ksi yxs gks ij mudh ^^osnuk dsoy vk/;kfRedrk ,oa dYiuk lEHko :i mifLFkr ugha djrhA os osnuk dks ,d fo”okuqHkwfr ds :i esa fpf=r djrh gaSA**3 blh ds ek/;e ls os lEiw.kZ fo'o ls ifjfpr gksuk pkgrh gSa& ^^rqe ekul esa cl tkvks] fNi nq%[k ds voxq.Bu ls] eSa rqEgsa <wa<us ds fel ifjfpr gks ywa d.k&d.k lsA** os [kqn dks osnuk dh jkuh crkrh gS& ^^vius bl lwusiu dh eSa gwa jkuh erokyh izk.kksa dk nhi tyk dj djrh jgrh j[kokyhA** muds dkO; esa ekuoh; izse] ekuo vuqjkx dh Hkh lEiw.kZ vfHkO;fDr gqbZ gS blh fy, rks os dgrh gSa& ^^esjs g¡lrs v/kj ugha tx dh vkalw yfM+;k ns[kksA** dof;=h ds d#.kkapy esa lEiw.kZ l`f"V ds fy, ihM+k lekbZ gqbZ gSA os rks tM+ Qwy dh osnuk ls Hkh nX/k gks dg mBrh gaS& ^^dj fn;k e/kq vkSj lkSjHk] nku lkjk ,d fnu fdUrq jksrk dkSu gS rsjs fy, nkuh lqeu**
  2. 2. 87SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 egknsoh vius lEiw.kZ thou dks ^^fojg dk tytkr thou** dg dj ehjk dh rjg lk/kuk d{k esa ^nhif'k[kk dh Hkkafr* fu"dEi tyrh jguk pkgrh gaSA osnuk dh ri'k ls mudh ân; vuqHkwfr;ka vkalwvksa ds #i esa cgrh jgrh gSaA os [kqn dks ^uhj Hkjh ty dh cnyh* ekurh gaSA ihM+k mudk vkjk/; gS vkSj vHkko lq[k ekxZA blhfy, muds dkO; esa ;gka dgha Hkh osnuk dk] ihM+k dk o.kZu gqvk gS mlds lkFk og e/kqj ;k e/kqe; fo'ks"k.k yxkrh pyrh gSa & ^^esjh e/kqe; ihM+k dks dksbZ ij <wa< u ik,aA** ^^ik fy;k eSaus fdls bl osnuk ds e/kqj Øe esaA** egknsoh ds dkO; esa osnuk ds ykSfdd vkSj vykSfdd nksuksa :i eq[kfjr gq, gSaA izd`fr mudh osnuk dk ek/;e rks cuh gS ij mudh ihM+k dks de djus esa iw.kZr% vleFkZ gSA muds fy, ihM+k gh ^ikjczã dh lÙkk* dh loZO;kidrk dk izrhd gS vkSj tc feyuk gh nq%[kkRed fiz;re ls gS rks lk/kuk dh jkg Hkh rks nq%[kijd gh gksuh pkfg,A lkf/kdk dks tc ;g irk pyrk gS fd ihM+k gh fiz;re rd igaqpus dk lk/ku gS rks ;gh mlds thou dk lk/; cu tkrk gS vkSj og dg mBrh gaS& ^^bl ehBh lh ihM+k esa] Mwck thou dk I;kykA** fyiVh lh mrkjrh gS] dsoy vkalw dh ekykA** lk/kuk ds izFke pj.k esa mudh psruk nq%[k Hkjh cnyh ds leku meM+ dj feVrh lh vuqHko gksrh gS fdarq ckn esa og bl feVus esa gh xkSjo eglwl djrh gS ;Fkk& ^^l`f"V dk ;g vfeV fo/kku ,d feVus esa lkS ojnkuA** D;ksafd uk'k vkSj l`tu l`f"V ds fpjaru i{k gaS] vlhe re vkSj fpj izdk'k fujarj viuk [ksy [ksyrs jgrs gaSA blfy, os fpjO;Fkk ls le>kSrk dj mls gh viuk thouk/kkj cuk ysrh gaS vkSj Lo;a & nhid ds leku ty fiz;re dk iFk vkykSfdr djrh jgrh gSa & ^^e/kqj e/kqj esjs nhid ty] ;qx ;qx izfrfnu izfr{k.k izfriy fiz;re dk iFk vkykSfdr dj A** oLrqr% ihM+k] osnuk vkSj fojg muds fparu fopkj vkSj vuqHkwfr dk n'kZu gh cu x, gSaA ij dHkh dHkh ml fiz;re ds fy, eu tc fopfyr gksrk gS rks os dgrh gSa& ^^fdrus d:.kk fdrus lans'k iFk esa fcN tkrs cu ijkx xkrk izk.kksa dk rkj&rkj vuqjkx Hkjk mUekn jkx vkalw ysrs og iFk i[kkj tks rqe vk tkrs ,d ckjA** dof;=h l`f"V ds d.k&d.k esa vius fiz;re dks ik fojg dh ihM+k dks Hkwyus yxrh gaS T;ksa gh fuLlhe fiz;re muds lhfer ân; esa lek tkrk gS R;ksa gh fojg dh jkr lglk uohu izHkkr esa cny tkrh gS vkSj ogh dof;=h ds vuUr lq[k dk dkj.k cuus yxrh gSA blfy, mlds fy, lq[k vkSj nq[k nksukas gh e/kqj gks tkrs gaS ij tc mUgs fo'okl gks tkrk gS fd ihM+k ds jkLrs ls gh fiz;re izkIr gksxk rks os ihM+k dks gh viuk thoukn'kZ cuk ysrh gaS vkSj vejks ds yksd dks Hkh Bqdjk os dgrh gSa & ^^D;k vejksa dk yksd feysxk rsjh d:.kk dk migkj jgus ns gs nso vjs] ;g esjk feVus dk vf/kdkjA** os rks fiz;re ls ;gka rd dg nsrh gSa & ^^vJq ;g ikuh ugha gSa] ;g O;Fkk panu ugha gS ;g uk le>ks nso] iwtk ds lthys midj.k ;sA ;g uk ekuks vejrk ls ekaxus vk, 'kj.k ;sA** fojg ds iFk esa os fdlh vkfn var dks ugha ekurhA eqfDr ls mUgsas dksbZ iz;kstu ugha og ek= ihM+k iFk ij gh c<+uk pkgrh gaSA jkLrk fdruk 'ks"k gS ;g Hkh tkuus dh vfHkyk"kk ugha& ^^eSa D;ksa iwaNw ;g fojg fu'kk] fdruh chrh D;k 'ks"k jgh** egknsoh dk lEiw.kZ dkO; galrs gksBksa esa fNih gqbZ ihM+k ls fyiVk gqvk gSA ftlesa vutkuk fiz;re pqipki vkdj viuh e/kqj eqjyh dh rku lquk dj igys muds ân; dks nzfor dj muds Lojksa dks vius lk e/kqj cuk] pqipki uk tkus dgk¡ pyk x;k gSA ij os mls viuh ihM+k esa gh <wa<uk pkgrh gaS vkSj ihM+k ds ek/;e ls ml fiz;re dks <wa< “ko`r gks tkuk pkgrh gSa& ^^ij 'ks"k ugha gksxh ;g] esjs izk.kksa dh ØhM+k rqe dks ihM+k esa <wa<+k rqe esa <w<waxh ihM+kA** ;gh muds thou ,oa dkO; dh lkFkZdrk gS vkSj osnuk dh pjelhek HkhA 1 f=ikBh] jkelkxj- c`gr~ lkfgfR;d fucU/k ] i`- 999] fnYyh% v”kksd izdk”ku] la- 2000 2 flag] bUnzjkt- Nk;kokn vkSj mlds dfo] i`- 112] fnYyh% r{kf”kyk izdk”ku] la- 1998 3 xkSre] y{e.knÙk- egknsoh dfo vkSj x|dkj] i`- 43] fnYyh% dkS.kkdZ izdk”ku

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