INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
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INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER Document Transcript

  • 77SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 lkekftd xhr %& Jh ujsUnzflag rksej th us tc viuh dkO; lk/kuk izkjaHk dh rc Hkkjr jktuhfrd :i ls rks xqyke Fkk gh] lekt Hkh vusd izdkj ds fiNM+siu ls xzLr FkkA Hkkjr dh Lof.kZe laLd`fr dk Hkko xqykeh esa frjksfgr gks x;k FkkA [kM+h cksyh fgUnh vius fodkl ds nkSj esa FkhA Jh ujsUnzflag rksej us ,d NksVs ls xk¡o fioM+k; esa lkekftd vkSj jk"Vªh; psruk dk 'ka[kukn fd;kA mUgksaus ekyoh cksYkh dks viuh dkO; lk/kuk dk ek/;e cuk;kA ,d rks cksyh gh vius vki esa cM+h ehBh vkSj Åij ls Jh ujsUnzflag rksej dh LokHkkfod dkseyrk dk Li"kZ ikdj FkksM+s gh le; esa tUk&tu ds daB dk gkj cu x;hA ^ixMaMh* dkO; laxzg esa laxzfgr dforkvksa esa jk"Vªh; vkSj lkekftd psruk ds Loj fufgr gSaA ^ukStoku uk ls* esa os ;qokvksa dks txkus dk vkOgku djrs gSaA xqykeh esa gekjs gksaB flys gq, FksA gesa vius vki ij xoZ djus esa 'keZ eglwl gksrh FkhA flj mapk dj ughaa py ldrs FksA rc Jh rksej th us fy[kk% js euqok vc vka[k rw [kksy Hkkjr eka dh t; t; cksy Fkkjk gksos Åapk ckssy vkadks vktknh dks eksy mM+ tk; iaNh fiatjks [kksy eu esa fdydsxk fgYyksyAÞ------ Jh rksej th laxzg dh vxyh dfork esa vktknh ds fy, ;qokvksa ls vIkuh ekrk ls fcnkbZ ysus dk vkOgku djrs gSaA ^Egkjh tdM+h gqbZ Hkkjr eka ds vkt cpbZ yks@dslfj;k ckuk ls vi.kks ru ;ks ltbZ yks@pe&pe&pe fctyh peds@ckny xjts ik.kh cjls@;ks 'kqHk eksgjr vk;ks ckbZ ls vkt fcnkbZ yksA os dgrs gS fd vius ?kj esa pksj ?kql vk, gSa vkSj fQj Hkh le> eas ugha vkrk gS rks viuh ukd D;ksa ugha dVk ysrsA vc rks [kwu ds cknys vktknh ysus dk le; gSA Jh rksej th lPps fdlku ifjokj gSA mUgsa fdlkuksa dh nqnZ'kk dk lkjk gky irk gSA fdl izdkj ls vaxzstksa us fdlkuksa ij vR;kpkj fd,] mudh lkjh Qly Nhu yh ;g muls fNik ugha gSA mBks fdjlk.k HkbZ* dfork esa os dgrs gSa& mBks fdjlk.k HkbZ] tkxks fdjlk.k Hkb December ,2013 'kks/k i= & fgUnh lqjs'k ljksfB;k ** laxhrk jk.kk ujsUnzflag rksej ds dkO; esa lkekftd ifjn`'; /kksGk vbX;k js] mBks js xksjk vbX;k js fn[kus dk rks bZ xksjk gS] rc buis er jh>ks bZ lxGk gs egk yqVsjk] /kks[kk esa er jh>ksA- Jh rksej th us lh/kh ljy Hkk"kk esa viuh ckr xzkeh.kksa rd igqWpkbZA ns'k us 15 vxLr 1847 esa vktknh gkfly dhA ,d u;h vk'kk dh fdj.k txhA iwjk ns'k vk'kkfUor gks u;s iFk ij vxzlj gks nqfu;ka esa viuh igpku cukus esa tqV x;kA ia- tokgjyky usg: ns'k ds izFke iz/kkuea=h cusA mUgksaus ^vkjke gjke gS* dk ukjk nsdj ;qokvksa esa tks'k HkjkA vktknh feyus ij dfo eu esa Hkh rjaxkf;r gks mBkA og eLrh esa >weus yxkA lekurk] HkkbZpkjk ds rjkus xkus yxkA vk'kk vkSj meax ds fp= dh ,d ckuxh nsf[k,& Ukxk Hkwdk dksbZ vcs ;gka uh josx iapk;r dks jkt vk;ksa U;k; gksosxk——— tkrs tkrs eseuk rks gokys :eky ns[kks ns[kks Hkkjr ek¡ us dj~;ks gs dekyAÞ-- Jh ujsUnzflag rksej us xka/kh Lekjd fuf/k esa o"kksZa dke fd;kA os lar fouksck ds fopkjksa ls izHkkfor jgs rFkk muds crk;s ekxZ ij thouHkj pyrs jgsA blfy, mUgksaus viuh dfork fouksck ds lkE;;ksx ds fopkj dks LFkku fn;kA Jh rksej th Lo;a dk thou Jeiw.kZ jgk gSA blfy, os viuh jpuk esa Je dks LFkku nsrs gq, fy[krs gS% xsarh dk cktk is Je dk xhr lq.kk.kks gs pyks QkoM+ks mBkvks xkao ds ljx c.kk.kks gs geyks dj xanhokM+k is] ujd feVk.kks gsAÞ--- Xkk¡o dk uke vkrs gh tgkW&rgkW yxs ?kwjs ds <sj] ;gkW&ogkW Mksyrs xk;&<ksj] dPph lM+d vkSj mlds Ckhp esa cgrk xank ikuh] ePNjksa dh Hkjekj tSlk fp= vk¡[kksa ds lkeus vk tkrk gSA xzkeh.kksa esa lQkbZ ds izfr mis{kk dk Hkko jgk gSA ,slk Hkh ughaa gS fd vktknh ds ckn muds Loj vk'kkonh gh jgsA cnyrs lkekftd ifjos'k ij Hkh mudh Lkw{e utj jgh vkSj ml ij Hkh mUgksaus viuh ys[kuh pykbZ! ^vk;ks tekuks [kksVks* esa os fy[krs gSa& vk;ks tekuks [kksVks] HkbZ js vk;ks tekuks [kksVks rqylh m[kkM+ rek[kw ckos cki ls >xM+s csVks] HkbZ js------ *- ** Hkk"kk v/;;u 'kkyk] nsoh vfgY;k fo'ofo|ky;] bUnkSj ¼e- iz- ½
  • 78 SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 vkt lkjh nqfu;k iSls ds ihNs Hkkx jgh gSA bl iSls us lkjs laca/kksa dks frykatfy ns nh gSA LokFkZ bl dnj ?kj dj x;k gS fd csVk vius ekrk&firk dks ekjus dks rS;kj gks x;k gSA HkkbZ&HkkbZ dk ugha gSA blls Jh rksej th cM+s fpafpr gSaA mUgksaus ^tekuks cM+ks cqjks vk;ks* esa viuh fpark tkfgj djrs gq, fy[kk gS% ikG;ks csVks] ek¡ dk VqdM+k djus dks rS;kj gk; js c<~;ks iki dks Hkkj csVk us yh [ksap cki ij /ku lk: rjokj tekuks cM+ks cqjks vk;ksAÞ------ vktknh ds igys rks Hkkjr esa lkekftd fiNM+kiu Fkk gh] vktknh ds ckn Hkh og dk;e gSA vkt yM+fd;ksa dks lekt esa og LFkku gkfly ugha gS] ftldk og gdnkj gSaA dU;k Hkzw.k gR;k us lekt esa L=h&iq:"k vuqikr dks fcxkM+ fn;k gSA ngst ds dkj.k o`) ds lkFk fookg dj nsuk xk¡o esa vke ckr gSA bls ysdj Jh rksej th us fy[kk gS % c[kr dh ckr cM+h Hkkjh th c[kr dh ckr cM+h Hkkjh vkt nsl ;ks ujd c.khj~;ks] tkxks uj&ukjh tks vi.kh dU;k ds csps] iki dks ibZlk [kk; gk; js iki dks ibZlks [kk; dksM~;k gqbZ us ejs vus oh lhnk ujd esa tk;A------ Jh ujsUnzflag rksej ds ^ixMaMh* dkO; laxzg esa lkekftd psruk ds Loj Hkh fo|eku gSaA Hkkjr esa tkfr dk ca/ku cgqr dM+k FkkA bl us NqvkNwr dh Hkkouk dks c<kok fn;kA euq"; vius HkkbZ;ksa ls ?k`.kk djus yxkA fL=;ksa dks v/;;u ls oaafpr dj fn;kA e/;dky esa cky fookg dh ijaijk ‘'kq: gqbZ] tks vktknh ds ckn ls vc rd pyh vk jgh gSA ljdkjh iz;klksa vkSj lkekftd laxBuksa ds dkQh iz;klksa ds ckn blesa deh vkbZ gSA oafprksa dks muds vf/kdkj fnykus ds fy, vusd dkuwu cuk, x,A fQj Hkh vHkh cgqr dke fd;k tkuk ckdh gSA ^izHkkrh* esa os xkWo okyksa dks vkg~oku djrs gq, dgrs gS% mBks xk¡o okGk txr j[kokGk dndk tX;k nqfu;k okyk] mBks th mBks- cD[kj ds tksrks us gGds ch tksrks------ Jh rksej th ds lokZf/kd [;kfr cky fookg ij vk/kkfjr mudh dfork ^ck.kh us pY;k gks dba ykM+k* ij feyhA ;g cky&fookg ij gkL; O;aX; ls ;qDr dfork gSA blesa lkekftd psruk dk xgjk lans'k fufgr gSA bldh ,d ckuxh nsf[k, % c.kh us pY;k gks dba ykM+k isjh ikx ilsjh Hkj dh /kksrh ?kquk ÅQj ljdh vka[k dks dkty iksaNk.kk ls ldy c.kh xbZ gs canj lh Ns vaxG dh twrh isjh] ekstk esa cka/;k ukM+k------ bl iwjh dfork esa O;aX; dh vn~Hkqr NVk gSA dkyk cktkjh ls 'kdj ykus dh ckr] thtkth }kjk nwYgs dh xksnh esa mBkuk] ikap cjl dh ykMh ykuk tSls ,d&,d in esa lkekftd fiNM+kiu vkSj ml ij O;aX; ds rh{.k ck.k Jh rksej th us pyk, gSaA bl izdkj Jh ujsUnzflag rksej th us ekyoh cksyh esa dkO; jpuk dj xqykeh ds fnuksa esa jk"Vªh; tkxj.k vkSj vktknh ds ckn lkekftd psruk ls ljkcksj dforkvksa dh jpuk dhA buds xhr vktknh ds vkanksyu esa ek¡&cguksa ds lqjksa esa yksdxhr cu x, FksA tuinh; ekyoh cksyh dks viuh ehBh vkokt nsus okys Jh rksejth us fd'kksjkoLFkk ls gh ekyokapy esa Lora=rk vkanksyu dk fcxqy ctk;kA pkyhl ds n'kd ls ekyok ds yksd/kquksa ij jfpr xhrksa ls mUgksaus tutkxj.k fd;kAÞ 1- dq¡-ujsUnzflag rksej % ixMaMh] lEik- ujgfj iVsy] f}rh; laLdj.k&2010 2- dq¡-ujsUnzflag rksej % xhr xaxk] lEik- ujgfj iVsy] izdk-Jh ln~xq: izdk-xzke fioMk; rg-ftyk bUnkSj] izFke laLdj.k&2008 3- ujsUnzflag rksej ds xhr % lEik- ujgfj iVsy] f}rh; laLdj.k&2010