INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER

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INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER

  1. 1. 92 SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 izLrkouk % MkW- ckck lkgsc Hkhejko vEcsMdj u rks iw¡thoknh O;oLFkk ds leFkZd Fks vkSj u gh lkE;oknh O;oLFkk ds mUgksaus [kqn fy[kk gS A ;fn ns'k esa tura= vlQy gksrk gS ^^rks mldk urhtk fonzksg] vjktdrk vkSj lkE;okn gksxkA ;fn lÙkk/kkjh yksx ;g ugha le> ik jgs gSa fd oa'kkuqxr lÙkk dks turk lgu ugha djsxh rks ns'k dk loZuk'k fuf'pr gSA ;k rks dE;wfut~e vk tk,xk vkSj #l gekjs ns'k ij jkt djsxk] gekjh O;fDrxr Lora=rk vkSj ns'k dh Lok/khurk u"V gks tk,xhA^^1 ¼nkl Hkxoku i`0 22½ iw¡thoknh O;oLFkk ds ckjs esa mUgksaus dgk]^^iw¡thoknh vFkZ O;oLFkk esa dk;Z djus ds ?k.Vs Hkh vf/kd gksrs gSa A^^ vkSj u rks mfpr osru gh fey ikrk gSA os iw¡thoknh ds f'kdkj cu tkrs gSaA muds lkeus vusd Hk;] Hkw[ks ejus dk Hk;] cPpksa dks f'k{kk u fey ldus dk Hk;] edku [kks cSBus dk Hk;] oL=ghu jgus dk Hk;] lkekU; turk ds iSls ls nQuk;s tkus dk Hk;] ,sls dkj.k gSa A vusd O;fDr iw¡thifr;ksa ds xqyke cudj jgrs gSaA^^2 ¼tkVo Mh vkj i`- 89½ MkW- vEcsMdj iztkrU= ds lPps leFkZd Fks o vjktdrk ,oe~ rkuk'kkgh ds iw.kZr% fo#) FksA mudk dFku gS fd ^^vjktdrk vkSj rkuk'kkgh esa LorU=rk yqIr gks tkrh gSA 3 ¼tkV Mh vkj i`- 103 iSjk 4½ mUgksaus lalnh; tura= ds fo"k; esa vkxs dgk lalnh; tura=^^ blls ,d ,sls Lo.kZ;qx dh LFkkiuk gksxh] ftlesa izR;sd O;fDr dks Lora=rk] lEifr vkSj lq[k izkfIr ds y{;ksa dks gkfly djus dk iwjk vf/kdkj gksxk] lalnh; tura= esa turk dh vkokt dh vfHkO;fDr ds fy, fo/kkue.My gksrk gSA fo/kkueaMy ds vUrxZr dk;Zdkfj.kh lfefr gksrh gS tks mlds v/khu dke djrh gS A fo/kkueaMy vkSj fo/kk;dksa dh dk;Zdkfj.kh lfefr ds fu;a=.k ds fy, U;k;ikfydk gksrh gS tks mudh lhek,¡ fu/kkZfjr djrh gSA lalnh; tura= esa ,d vPNh ljdkj ds lc xq.k fo|eku gSa] ,slh ljdkj turk dh ljdkj gS A turk }kjk cuh gS vkSj turk ds fy, gSA^^4 ¼nkl Hkxoku i`- 15½ 17 flrEcj] 1943 dks vf[ky Hkkjrh; O;kikfjd la?k deZpkfj;ksa ds fy, fnYyh es gq, f'k{kk f'kfoj esa ^^yscj vkSj lalnh; iztkra=^^ ij Hkk"k.k nsrs gq, dgk fd lalnh; iztkra= esa lHkh vPNh ckrs gksus ds ckotwn Hkh lalnh; tura= D;ksa vlQy December ,2013 'kks/k i= &bfrgkl MkW- jkds'k dqekj tura= ds lQy dk;kZUo;u ds fy, MkW- vECksMdj ds lq>ko jgk gS A MkW- vEcsMdj ds vuqlkj 1943 ds le; ds ns'kksa esa lalnh; tura= ds vlQyrk ds dkj.k ckcklkgsc us dgk vke turk dks lq[k] le`f) vkSj Lora=rk izkIr u djk ldus ds dkj.k tura= vlQy jgk gSA ;fn ;g lp gS rks vlQyrk ds dkj.kksa dh tkudkjh vko';d gS A vlQyrk ds dkj.k HkzkfUriw.kZ fl)kar ;k nks"kiw.kZ O;oLFkk vFkok nksuksa gh gks ldrs gSa A esjs fopkj ls vlQyrk dk dkj.k nksuksa gh gSa A^^5 ¼nkl Hkxoku i`- 16½ nks"kiw.kZ fl)kUr esa ckck lkgc us vkxs crk;k gS fd ^^nks"kiw.kZ fl)kUr esa fulUnsg vU; dkj.kksa ds vfrfjDr vuqcU/k i= dh ¼ÝhMe vkWQ dkUVªSDV½ ,d izeq[k dkj.k gS bldks nks"kiw.kZ ekudj izksRlkfgr fd;k x;kA lalnh; tura= esa ;g tkurs gq, Hkh gj i{k le>kSrk djus dh leku fLFkfr esa ugha gSA mUeqDr vuqcU/k i= ls fofHkUu i{kksa ij vkfFkZd lQyrk ds dkj.k D;k izHkko iM+sxk] bl ij fcYdqy Hkh /;ku ugha fn;k x;kA le>kSrs esa Lora=rk ds dkj.k detksj i{k dks /kks[kk nsus dh laHkkouk vkSj c<+ xbZ gS A QyLo#i tura=h; O;oLFkk esa Lok/khurk ds leFkZu ds uke ij nfyr] fu/kZu vkSj oafpr yksxksa ds izfr vkfFkZd vU;k; esa o`f) gksrh gSA 6 ¼nkl Hkxoku i`- 16½ vkxs mUgksaaus fy[kk gS fd ^^fcuk lkekftd vkSj vkfFkZd tura= ds jktuSfrd tura= lQy gks gh ugha ldrkA^^ bl ckr dks u le>uk lalnh; tura= dh vlQyrk dk nwljk lS)kafrd dkj.k gSA7 ¼nkl Hkxoku i`- 16½ nks"kiw.kZ fl)karksa ds lkFk&lkFk nks"kiw.kZ iz.kkyh esa ckck lkgsc us crk;k gS fd ^^lekt nks oxksZ eaas caVk gSA ,d 'kkld oxZ rks nwljk 'kklhr oxZ ;g gkfudkj gSA ;fn ;g vfu"V ;gha lekIr gks tk;s rks dksbZ ckr ugha] fdUrq nqHkkZX;o'k ;g vUrj bruk #f<+c) vkSj Lrjh; gks tkrk gS fd 'kkld dsoy 'kkld oxZ ls gh vkrs jgrs gSa] ,slk blfy, gksrk gS fd yksx Hkwy tkrs gSa fd os 'kkld vkSj 'kkflr nksuksa gSaA os ,d ljdkj LFkkfir djds mudks 'kklu djus ds fy, NksM+ nsrs gSa A blls ;g Li"V gks tkrk gS fd lalnh; yksdra= dHkh Hkh turk dh ljdkj ;k turk }kjk fufeZr ljdkj ugha gks ldrh A okLro esa oa'kkuqxr 'kkld oxZ dh ljdkj ,d oa'kkuqxr 'kkflr oxZ ds 'kklu ds fy, gksrh gSA ;g jktuSfrd ra= dh ,d nwf"kr O;oLFkk * izoDrk bfrgkl] G.S.S.S. /kuwj] fljlk] gfj;k.kk dqath 'kCn % iw¡thoknh] lkE;oknh] lalnh; tura=] lkekftd vkSj vkfFkZd tura=
  2. 2. 93SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 gSA ftlus lalnh; tura= dks fujk'kutud vlQyrk iznku dh gS A bUgha dkj.kksa ls lalnh; tura=- lk/kkj.k tu ds lq[k&le`f) vkSj Lora=rk izkfIr ds y{;ksa dh iwfrZ ugha dj ldk gSA8 ¼nkl Hkxoku i`- 16&17½ tura= ds lQy dk;kZUo;u ds fy, vEcsMdj ds lq>ko % MkW- ckck lkgsc vEcsMdj us vius Hkk"k.k esa crk;k fd tura= dk Lo#i lnSo cnyrk jgrk mUgksuas izkphu xzhd ^^,Fkhfu;u yksdra=^^ vkSj orZeku yksdra= Lo#i dk mnkgj.k fn;k lkFk gh lkFk crk;k fd tura= dk mn~ns'; Hkh cnyrk jgrk gS A MkW- vEcsMdj ds vuqlkj tura= dh ifjHkk"kk& ^^'kklu dh #ijs[kk vkSj O;oLFkk bl izdkj dh gksuh pkfg, fd turk dh lkekftd vkSj vkfFkZd fLFkfr esa fcuk #dkoV ds Økafrdkjh ifjorZu yk, tk ldsA^^9 ¼nkl Hkxoku i`- 24½ ^^tura= ds lQy dk;kZUo;u ds fy, igyh 'krZ ;g gS fd lekt esa lqLi"V vlekurk ugha gksuh pkfg,A mlesa dksbZ nfyr oxZ ugha gksuk pkfg, dksbZ ,d oxZ ,slk ugha gksuk pkfg, ftls lc lqfo/kk,¡ izkIr gksa vkSj nwljk oxZ ftl ij dk;ksZ dk cks> gks A bl fLFkfr esa bl lkekftd O;oLFkk esa bl oxZ foHkktu ds dkj.k jDre; Økafr ds lc cht fo|eku gSa A^^10 ^^ ¼nkl Hkxoku i`- 24½ tura= ds lQy dk;kZUo;u ds fy, foi{k dk gksuk nwljh cM+h 'krZ gS A foi{k dk vFkZ gS fd ljdkj dks lnSo lrZd vkSj tkx#d jguk gksxk A ljdkj dks foi{k ds lkeus gj dk;Z dk vkSfpR; fl) djuk gksxkA^^11 ¼nkl Hkxoku i`- 26½ rhljh vko';d 'krZ 'kklu vkSj dkuwuh O;oLFkk esa lc dk cjkcjh dk gd gS A^^12 ¼nkl Hkxoku i`- 26½ MkW- vEcsMdj ^^esjs fopkj ls tura= ds lQy dk;kZUo;u ds fy, pkSFkh vko';d ckr gS A loS/kkfud uSfrdrk dk ikyu^^13 ¼nkl Hkxoku i`- 27½ MkW- vEcsMdj ^^esjs fopkj ls tura= ds lQy dk;kZUo;u ds fy, ;g Hkh vko';d gS fd cgqla[;dksa ds gkFkksa vYila[;dksa ds izfr dksbZ vR;kpkj u gks vYila[;dksa ds eu esa lnSo lqj{kk dh Hkkouk jguh pkfg, fd ;|fi ljdkj cgqla[;dksa dh gSA muds gkFkksa vYila[;dksa dks dksbZ uqdlku ugha igqapsxk] u gh mudh detksjh dk ykHk mBkdj muds izfr dksbZ vR;kpkj fd;k tk,xkA 14 ¼nkl Hkxoku i`- 29½ MkW- vEcsMdj ^^eSa ,d ckr vkSj dguk pkgw¡xkA esjs fopkj ls tura= ds dk;kZUo;u ds fy, lekt esa ,d uSfrd O;oLFkk Hkh vko';d gSA gekjs jktuSfrdfoKksa us bl i{k dh vksj fcYdqy /;ku ugha fn;k ,oe~ ml ij fopkj ugha fd;k gSA vki uhfr'kkL= ds fo"k; esa dqN tkus fcuk jktuhfr 'kkL= esa ikjaxr gks ldrs gSa tSls fd uhfr ds fcuk ge jktuSfrd dk;Z dj ldrs gSa eq>s ;g foLe;dkjh izLrko yxrk gSA15 ¼nkl Hkxoku i`- 30½ fu"d"kZ orZeku esa vxj ge Hkkjrh; tura= ij n`f"V Mkyrs gSa rks xjhc vkSj vehj ds chp [kkbZ c<+rh tk jgh gSA ,d rjQ Hkkjr esa nqfu;k ds lcls vehj /kudqcsjksa dh la[;k c<+ jgh gS A ogha ,sls Hkh yksx gSa ftudks ,d oDr dh jksVh Hkh ulhc ugha gksrhA jktuhfr esa oa'kkuqxr 'kklu dh csy iui jgh gS pkgs dkaxszl] ch-ts-ih-] b-u-yks- fQj eqyk;e flag dh lektoknh ikVhZ gj ikVhZ vius oa'k dks mÙkjkf/kdkjh cukuk pkgrh gSA foi{k viuh Hkwfedk bZekunkjh ls fuHkk jgk gS pkgs foi{k esa dkaxzsl gks ;k ch-ts-ih- lHkh viuh 'kfDr nwljh ikVhZ dks uhpk fn[kkus esa [kRe djrh gS A Åijh rkSj ij pkgs dkuwu ds le> lekurk fn[kkbZ nsrh gks ysfdu dkuwuh O;oLFkk esa lcdks cjkcjh dk vf/kdkj ugha gS A laoS/kkfud uSfrdrk uke dh dksbZ Hkh pht fn[kkbZ ugha nsrs A ,d ckj iz/kkuea=h ;k eq[;ea=h cu tkus ij gj dksbZ lksprk gS fd og iwjh mez dqlhZ ij fojkteku jgs tcfd mudks laoS/kkfud uSfrdrk dk ifjp; nsdj nwljksa dks ekSdk nsuk pkfg;s A orZeku esa Hkh MkW- ckck lkgsc vEcsMdj ds fopkj izkalfxd gSa A vxj muds fopkj ij /;ku fn;k tk;s rks lalnh; tura= dks [kq'kgky cuk;k tk ldrk gS A lq>ko& vEcsMdj ds fopkjksa dks /;ku esa j[kdj fuEufyf[kr lq>ko izLrqr gSa % 1½ lekt esa vkfFkZd] lkekftd] [kkbZ ikVus ds iz;kl djus gksaxsa A 2½ turk dks lq[k le`f) vkSj LoUr=rk izkIr djus ds iz;Ru djus gksaxsa A 3½ laoS/kkfud uSfrdrk dk ifjp; nsuk gksxkA 4½ foi{k dks viuh Hkwfedk dk bZekunkjh ls ikyu djuk gksxkA 5½ nfyrksa vkSj vYila[;dksa dks Hk;eqDr okrkoj.k iznku djus ds iz;kl djus gksaxsa A lkjka'k& vxj orZeku le; esa vkSj Hkfo"; esa tura= dks cuk;s j[kuk gks rks vEcsMdj ds lq>ko ij vey dj ,d LoLFk [kq'kgky thou vkSj tura= dks cuk;s j[kk tk ldrk gSA MkW- ckck lkgsc Hkhejko vEcsMdj u rks iw¡thoknh O;oLFkk ds leFkZd Fks vkSj u gh lkE;oknh O;oLFkk ds A muds vuqlkj nksuksa gh O;oLFkkvksa dh viuh&viuh deh gS A muds vuqlkj lalnh; tura= gh lcls vPNh O;oLFkk gS A blls Lo.kZ;qx dh LFkkiuk gksxh ftlesa izR;sd O;fDr dks Lora=rk] lEifÙk vkSj lq[k izkfIr ds y{;ksa dks iwjk djus dk iwjk vf/kdkj gksxkA MkW- vEcsMdj ds vuqlkj iztkra= dh vlQyrk dk dkj.k vke turk dks lq[k] le`f) vkSj Lora=rk izkIr u djk ldus ds dkj.k vlQy jgk gS A blfy, vxj jktuSfrd tura= dks lQy cukuk gS rks igys lkekftd vkSj vkfFkZd tura= dks lQy cukuk gksxk A 1½ nkl Hkxoku ^^MkW- vEcsMdj ds fopkj^^ % e/;izns'k fgUnh xzUFk vdkneh Hkksiky] ¼1991½] i`- 22 2½ tkVo Mh-vkj- ^^MkW- ch-vkj- vEcsMdj dk lekt n'kZu lerk izdk'ku] t;iqj ¼2½ i`- 89 ¼3½ i`- 103 iSjk 4 4½ nkl Hkxoku ^^MkW- vEcsMdj ds fopkj^^ e/;izns'k fgUnh xzUFk vdkneh Hkksiky] ¼1991½ ¼4½ i`- 15 ¼5½ 6] ¼7½ i`-16 ¼8½ i`- 16] 17 5½ nkl Hkxoku] ^^MkW- vEcsMdj ds fopkj^^ %e/;izns'k fgUnh xzUFk vdkneh Hkksiky] ¼1991½ ¼9] 10½ i`- 24 ¼11] 12½ i`- 26 ¼13½ i`- 27 ¼14½ i`- 29 ¼15½ i`- 30

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