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  1. 1. 85RESEARCH ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0975-3486, (Print), E- ISSN -2320-5482, Aug- Oct, 2013 (Combind) VOL –V * ISSUE- 47-49 Introduction: Modern Art offers a confusing variety of movements and mannerisms. Among the prevailing styles, one extreme is 'Abstract art'. By "Abstraction", wemean'whatisderivedordisengagedfromnature-the pureoressentialformabstractedfromconcretedetails'. Inawayabstractionwillincludeanyformofexpression which dispenses with the phenomenal image and relies on elements that are conceptual, metaphysical and absolute. AnAbstractPaintingislikeaviolentandthun- der-wrackedcollisionbetweendifferentworldsthatare destined to create a newworld by fighting one another. EveryworkofartcomesintobeingastheUniversecame into being. As a result, all the instruments play out of tune, untilfinallytheysingout what we call'The Music Of Spheres' under the impulse of the beliefs. Modern Art, as applied to painting is a blanket term, a patchworkquiltcoveringastrangeassortmentofrather incompatible bedfellows. The groups or movements enfoldedbyModernArtrepresentdifferentapproaches and fashions which overlap each other and have no fixed dates. In most cases theyreact against each other, and seem to agree only on the liberty to experiment freely, unrestricted by classical subjects and Renais- sance techniques. Abstract art is sought out as if everything was there in the perfected internationalism, with cross-ref- erences to theatre, music and sharp focus on primitive art,thetotalrejectionofculturalhierarchyandthebelief thatalotcanbeleantfromchildren'sartandindeedfrom almost anything at all that was done without thought of academicsanction. Accordingtodictionary,"Abstract art is to draw from or concentrate in itself the essential qualities of a single thing or several things expressing a quality apart from any object". In the words of Pablo Research Paper— Fine Arts Aug- Oct ,2013 Abstract Art- the Whimsical form of Modern Art * Dr. Neeta Kabotra *Asst.Prof. & H.O.D. Dept.of FineArts R.R.M.K.Arya Mahila Mahavidyalaya UnderGuru Nanak Dev University,Amritsar 'Abstraction' will include any form of expression which dispenses with the phenomenal images and relies on the element of Expression- they could be conceptual, metaphysical or absolute. The universal and timeless shapes found in geometry: the circle, square and triangle become the spatial elements in abstract art; they are, like colour, fundamental systems underlying visible reality. A B S T R A C T Picasso- "AllArt isAbstract…….." According to him pictorial form of feelings and emotions is Abstract Art.Imitative nature of man to be as close to nature as possible or trying to reach to the perfection, but what is abstraction? According to Herbert Reed, "Abstrac- tion is what is derived or disengaged from nature, the pure and essential form in concrete details."Hence the term 'Abstraction' is understood as something 'Ab- stracted fromNature'. But this rather is a matter ofcon- troversy because since the 19th Century the Artists havebeencautiouslyarguingforPaintingasanactivity in itself, rather than an imitation or derivation of some- thing else. The Abstract Art while not representing Nature, represents the subject subordinated or dis- tortedinordered placeandemphasizesontheplasticor expressive means. ThisArtformhasdevelopedinaperiodoflast 50 years. Its aim is to summarize emotion and to select theirsignificant aspect,apart fromanyparticularexpe- rience. TechniquesandArtworks: It is always abstruse form of Art and tries to concentrate on the essential qualities of things. The Artist dealing with abstract Art attempts to extract the essence from nature & life and portrays the ideas of things. For instance, 'TheWorld Watered'is an abstract term, not liquid, wet or cold, in fact it has none of the physical characteristics of reality, but as an abstraction it suggests many things to the reader. AbstractArtist shrines to create similar representation of the idea, for instance- water in painting by choosing some features of water which has to be potrayed as element of structure like water doesn't have a color, it hasasurface,aripplingeffectandperhapshasavolume and occupies space. By using these features, artist can depict water as a river or an ocean. The abstract artist Keywords: Abstract art; Abstraction; Sublimation; Modern Art; Wassily Kandinsky
  2. 2. 86 RESEARCH ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0975-3486, (Print), E- ISSN -2320-5482, Aug- Oct, 2013 (Combind) VOL –V * ISSUE- 47-49 makes use ofArt structures to recreate his own feelings andtoexpresshisstimulationwhicharetobeconveyed by structural elements. Abstract representation of wa- ter on canvas on the basis of its qualities. Wassily Kandinsky should be considered as the first Abstractartist.HerealizedtheimplicationofNon-Rep- resentation Theory. He settled in Munich in 1908 and thereafter his paintings began to show tendency to- wards Abstraction.Kandinsky's creation of abstract workfollowed alongperiod ofdevelopmentand matu- ration of intense thought based on his artistic experi- ences. He called this devotion to inner beauty, fervour of spirit, and spiritual desire inner necessity; it was a central aspect of his art. Kandinsky painted the first conscious abstract painting in water colour in 1960, placing dynamic colours in juxtaposition. in Art." Any art piece that contains no references, no avocationof realityisArtist'spointofSublimation. The value of abstract imagination lies onArtist's Genius as acolouristanduponthequalityofhislyricism.Abstrac- tion in art relates the egocentric man from ages who interpretedNature in terms of himself. Man has been portraying God in superlative proportions whether in terms of Athletic figures from Rome and Greece or Multifaced Superstructures of human forms in India and in the East. The idea of clustering from reality in order to create something Supernatural, Unreal or Super real in all hu- man. ActuallythebeginningofCreativeArtstartedfrom this urge of human nature that constantly drives one towards innovation. Conclusion: The term'Abstraction' is not onlyreference to final product, but the origin maintains mighty signifi- cance, and hence can never be separated from the work of art. It isthe quality of dealing with ideas rather than events.The spiritual dimension and can transcend 'ev- ery-day' experience, reaching a spiritual plane and can henceturnabrushstrokeinto anescapeintotheElysian Fields.1. Meaning of Art -by " Herberd Reed" 2. History Of Art (3rd Edition) (1977)- by "H.W. Janson" 3. Concerning the Spiritual in Art by "Wassily Kandinsky" 4. The Spiritual in Art: Abstract Painting 1890-1985 by "Maurice Tuchman" 5. Great Decade of American Abstraction: Modernist Art, 1960-70 by "E.A. Carmean" R E F E R E N C E WassilyKandinskyandhisartwork. Abstract art is Art that departs significantly fromnaturalappearances.Formsaremodifiedorchanged to varying degrees in order to emphasize certain quali- ties or content. Recognizable references to original ap- pearances may be slight. The term is also used to de- scribeartthatisnon-representational.Itisdrawnoutor extracted from the objective reality, unusual concep- tion, only thought or felt as against the reality seen. A Painter's poetic creation is vision of impassion of real things, no similarity to any recognisable object. Actu- ally the intention of Abstract art is to give picturesque or illustrated form to the sensations, whether they arise in form of a concept or an object. Precisely- "EveryartificiallycreatedformisknownasAbstraction