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INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
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  • 1. 72 SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 ns'k ds ifjn`'; esa jktLFkku dk lkaLd`frd oSHko cstksM+ gSA R;kx vkSj ohjrk dh bl Hkwfe dks ohj izlwrk dgk tkrk gSA R;kxe;h yyukvksa] lkglh ohjks vkSj xfjeke;h laLd`fr ds bl izns'k dk ykSfdd lkfgR; vuwBk gSA bl e# izns'k dh yksd xkFkk,] yksdxhr] yksdlaxhr] yksdukV~;] yksd] dyk] thou 'kSyh fujkyh vkSj thoar gSA fopkj.kh; iz'u ;g gS fd vkt dh miHkksDrkoknh laLd`fr esa yksd laLd`fr dk vigj.k gks jgk gSA mls viuh tM+ksa ls m[kkM+k tk jgk gSA ,slh fLFkfr esa yksd 'kSyh dh vfLerk dks dSls vkSj dc rd cpk ik;saxs] bl ij fopkj gksuk pkfg,A ckyd ls ysdj o`) rd euksjatudkfj.kh yksd&dFkk viuh thoar 'kfDr ds ifj.kkeLo:i ekuo dh vkfne voLFkk ls vkt rd loZ lk/kkj.k ds daB dk gkj cuh gqbZ gSA yksd dFkk ekuo eukseksnu dk izeq[k lk/ku jgh gSA bl eukseksnu ds lkFk & lkFk tu & thou dh lkFkZd vfHkO;fDr rFkk uSfrd ewY;ksa dh LFkkiuk ds dkj.k blh mikns;rk vkSj c<+ tkrh gSA bu yksd dFkkvksa esa yksd thou dh l'kDr vfHkO;fDr gqbZ gSA [kku & iku] jhfr&fjokt] os'k&Hkw"kk] yksd&xhr vkfn lc dqN lekfgr gSA buds vkjEHk djus dk <ax] lekIr djus dk fu;e vkSj o.kZu djus dh izFkk Lo;e dh viuh gSA bu yksd dFkkvksa esa nks gh ik= izeq[k gksrs gS ,d dFkk dgus okyk rFkk nwljk ^^gw¡dkj nsus okyk**A gw¡dkj esa ^^gw¡w** /ofu dk mPpkj.k fd;k tkrk gSA ;Fkk& ^^fdlh gw¡dkj fcu ckr] fdlkS fear fcgw.kkS lkFk fdlh pkan fogw.kh jkr] fdlkS daMwck fcu Hkkr** blh izdkj& ^^ckr lkaph Hkyh] iksFkh ckaph Hkyh nsg lkth Hkyh] cgw ykth Hkyh(** bu yksd dFkkvksa esa f=;k pfj= ,oa ukjh pkrq;Z lEcE/kh dFkk,] vn~Hkqr d`R;ksa ls lEcaf/kr dFkk,] vfr izkd`frd rÙoksa ls ;qDr dFkk,] liZ dFkk,] pksj Bx dFkk,a vkfn ls lEcfEcr dFkk,a vkfn buesa lekfgr gksrh gSA Jh lw;Zdj.k ikfjd] dUgS;k yky lgy] fot;nku nsFkk] vxjpan ukgVk] y{eh dqekjh pw.Mkor] Hkaoj yky ukgVk tSls fo}kuksa us dFkk lkfgR; dh J`a[kyk dks vkxs c<k;k gSA bl izdkj bl 'kks/k i= esa jktLFkkuh yksd dFkkvksa dk fo'kn foospu dj bl ckr dks izdkf'kr djus dk iz;kl fd;k December ,2013 'kks/k i= & fgUnh MkW- lqjs'k flag jkBkSM+ jktLFkkuh yksd dFkkvksa esa fpf=r ukjh lekt * lgk;d vkpk;Z] fgUnh foHkkx] jktLFkku dsUnzh; fo'Okfo|ky;] cUnjflUnjh] vtesj] jktLFkku tk;sxk fd yksd&thou ls tqM+h gqbZ ;s dFkk,a ekuo&thou ds euksfouksn ls lacaf/kr gh ugha gS] vifrq Kku dk vFkkg HkaMkj Hkh buesa lekfgr gSA yksddFkk,¡ yksd laLd`fr dh JqfrdFkk,¡ gksrh gSA bu yksd dFkkvksa esa yksd ekul ds fofo/k :i rFkk yksd laLd`fr dk Lo:i vfHkO;Dr gksrk gSA ;s yksd dFkk,¡ ekuo ds vuqjatu dk izeq[k lk/ku gSaA MkW- oklqnso'kj.k vxzoky ds vuqlkj ^^bu yksd dFkkvksa esa thou dk leLr foLrkj vafdr gqvk gSA i'kq&i{kh] xzke&tuinksa ds L=h&iq#"k vkSj uxjksa ds jktk vkSj ea=h lcds fy, dgkuh esa Lokxr dk Hkko gSA oLrqr% yksddFkk lcdks viuk ekudj thfor jgrh gSA mlds fy, R;kT; dqN ugha gSA uxj] xzke] /kuh vkSj fu/kZu ds tks oxZ geus lc dfYir dj fy;s gSa vkSj ftuds rkieku ls lkfgR; Hkh vNwrk ugha cpk gS] mlds fy, yksd&lkfgR; esa vkSj yksd dFkkvksa esa Hkh LFkku ugha gSA** bl izdkj mi;qZDr ifjHkk"kk ls Li"V gS fd yksd dFkk dh fo"k; O;kidrk vU; lkfgfR;d fo/kkvksa ls vis{kr;k vf/kd gSA MkW- lR;sUnz ds vuqlkj ^^yksd dFkk esa izpfyr vkSj ijEijk ls pyh vkus okyh ewyr% ekSf[kd :i esa izpfyr dFkk,¡ yksd dFkk,¡ dgykrh gSaA** MkW- lR;sUnz us Hkh yksd dks gh izkFkfedrk nh gS vkSj bl yksd esa vuqjatu djus okyh dFkkvksa dks yksd dFkkvksa esa lfEefyr fd;k gSA MkW- gtkjh izlkn f}osnh ds vuqlkj ^^yksd dFkkvksa dk v/;;u dbZ n`f"V;ksa ls egRoiw.kZ gSA ;|fi bl lcds ckjsa esa fo}kuksa esa erHksn jgk gSA rFkkfi yksd dFkk 'kCn cgqyka'k esa yksd izpfyr mu dFkkudksa ds fy, O;oâr gksrk jgk gS tks ekSf[kd ;k fyf[kr ijEijk ls Øe'k% ,d ih<+h ls nwljh ih<+h dks izkIr gksrs gSaA** MkW- jkey[ku eh.kk ds vuqlkj ^^yksd dFkk,¡ yksd laLdfr dh Jqfrdk,¡ gksrh gSA ;s yksd laLd`fr dh lajf{kdk gksrh gSA bUgas euksjatu ,oa mYykl ls lqukus dh ijEijk feyrh gSA buesa tgk¡ yksd ekufld rRoksa dk fuokZg gksrk gS] ogha yksd laLd`fr ds leLr vk;ke eq[kfjr gksrs gSaA** MkW- lksgunku pkj.k ds vuqlkj & ^^vkfne ekuo us viuh leLr Hkkouk,¡ lkjs fopkj jhfr&fjokt /kkj.kk;sa vkfn dh vfHkO;fDr yksd&dFkk ds ek/;e ls dh gSA** bl izdkj bu yksd dFkkvksa dh fo"k; O;kidrk ds dkj.k
  • 2. 73SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 buesa vusd izdkj ds ln~ pfj=ksa vkSj nq'pfj=ksa dks mHkkjdj Hkkoh ih<+h ds le{k izLrqr fd;k gSA buesa O;fDr ds O;fDrRo dks ugha oju~ pfj=ksa dsk egÙkk nh x;h gSA D;ksafd pfj= gh lkekftd /kjksgj gSaA ;s cus cuk;s pfj= gh O;fDr ds lkFk tksM+s tkrs gSaA O;fDrRo ,d ds fy, vuqdj.kh; vkSj nwljs ds fy, R;kT; Hkh fl) gks ldrk gSA yksd dFkkvksa esa ik= rks vusd gksrs gSa] ijUrq laLd`fr dk fuokZg~u fof'k"V ik= gh djrs gSaA bu dFkkvksa esa ekuoh; ik=ksa dh egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk gksrh gSA jktLFkkuh yksd dFkkvkssa esa iq#"k ik=ksa ds lkFk&lkFk da/ks ls da/kk feykdj pyus okyh fL=;ksa dk LokHkkfod fp=.k feyrk gSA ^^bl vapy dh yksd dFkkvksa esa fL+=;k¡ fdlh Hkh oxZ vFkok tkfr dh D;ksa u gks] muds LoHkko esa ljyrk] nwljs ds fgr dh lkspus ds dkj.k ekuoksfpr lgt O;ogkj rFkk nwljksa dks viuk cuk ysus dk xq.k fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA** bu yksd dFkkvksa esa fu"diV ,oa R;kx] izse vkSj lân;rk dh Hkkouk gksrh gS rks ogha funZ;h O;ogkj Hkh n`f"Vxr gksrk gSA bu dFkkvksa esa rRdkyhu lkekftd ,oa lkaLd`frd fLFkfr;ksa dk cks/k gksrk gSA ^^vFk ckr lkaxS iaokj jh fy[;rs** esa of.kZr ukjh&ik= fo'ks"k :i ls iz'kaluh; gSA vkpUnu dh iq=h ltuk dk fookg lkaxjk; ls gqvk FkkA ngst esa nh x;h ^cwj* uked ?kksM+h dh ltuk }kjk ifr ds le{k c<+k p<+kdj iz'kalk dh tkrh gSA bu yksd dFkkvksa esa jktiwrh 'kkS;Z dh 'kkuks&'kkSdr dh Ny iziape;h jktuhfr dh vusd ?kVuk,¡ Hkjh iM+h gSaA ^ckr ukUgs ck?kSySjh* dk ik= ck?ksyk jktk dh lsuk dks ekjdj jkfu;ksa dks cfgu Lo:i le>rk gSA ^^rkgjka ewGjkt uS cqyk; vj jkt iwNh;kS**A rkgjka ewGjkt dg~;ks& ^gwa ekaeka uS ekjhl*A rkgjka jkt cksgr jkth gqokS& tks ekjs NS rks liwrA* rkgjka okrka elyr dj.k ykxkA rkgjka ewGjkt jh eka nhBh&tks vkt ,s&cki&csVk vkyksp djs lq lgh t dkabZ Egkjk ihgjGk dh ckr djS NSA rkgjka ewGjkt jh eka ix jh tsgM+ Å¡ph dj vksys vkc ÅHkh jghA** bu yksd dFkkvksa esa vkSjrksa dh prqjkbZ Hkjh iM+h gSA L=h vius e`nqy LoHkko ls vlEHko dk;Z Hkh djok ysrh gSA ^^Fks nksbZ t.kka ukeh /kkMsr gks] ukeh&ukeh txka pksjh djh gS] ?k.kk gqfl;kj gksA i.k feu[k dksbZ vsMs+ dke uh djS th lwa nqfu;ka eSa ch jks uke OgS tkoS tBS rkabZ dkabZ uhA dksbZ blks dke ds nqfu;ka tk.kSA uke jSos dS xhrM+k dS HkhrM+k**A bl izdkj bl yksd dFkk esa [khaoks vkSj chatks ls [khaok dh iRuh vlEHko dk;Z Hkh djok ysrh gSA tc [khaok ,d dk;Z dks dj pqdrk gS rks nwljs dk;Z dh ;kstuk cukdj og dk;Z esa layXu j[krh gSA L=h dh bTtr vkc: gh mldk xguk gSA vius ifr ds vfrfjDr fdlh vksj ds ckjs esa LoIu esa Hkh ugha lksp ldrhA ifrozr /keZ dk ikyu djrh gSA ^^vf}rh; :iorh tlek vksM iRuh FkhA /kkjk ujs'k Hkkst ml ij eqX/k gks x;kA mls vusd izyksHku fn[kk;s x;s ijUrq mlus ifr izse R;kx dks lnSo Js;Ldj le>k tlek dh izsekfXu esa tyus okys jktk dh mfDr fdruh ekfeZd gS& lqf.k tleyA jktk dgS] eSa rks ykfxnhBA thoka rka fojpka ugha] tkf.k diM+s ethBA** ij tlek dk uhfr dFku rks vkSj Hkh mi;qDr izrhr gksrk gS& jktk! jhr u NkafMtS] leoM+ djkS lusgA leoM+ lwa lq[k ik;tS] uhpka dsgks usgAA jktLFkku esa bu ukfj;ksa dh lr dh ijh{kk Hkh yh xbZ gSA ^lr jh ikj[k* yksd dFkk esa lkg viuh iRuh lkg.kh dks blfy, vdsyh NksM+dj izns'k ugha tkrk fd tekuk [kjkc gS& ^Egwa ijks tkowaA ikNhuw ?kj esa vkSj nwtks feu[kuhaA vdsyh lkg.khA datk.kka dkabZ uh da:A nqfu;k [kksVh] lkg.kh jh ckYkh ÅejA** bl dgkuh esa jktk lkg.kh ds lr dh ijh{kk Hkh ysr gS og mls viuh jkuh cukuk pkgrk gS] ijUrq lkg.kh dgrh gS** vki Hkxoku yksx rkGk esa tM+] Mks<+h iS igjk yxk;] yqxk;ka jks lhG j[kkoks] jktk oks lhG esa va/kkjk esa vsdGk cSB] lhG jk[ks oks lhG gSA ljhj jk lhG lw iSGka eu jks lhG gSA** bu yksd dFkkvksa esa L=h dh cqf)efr gksus ds lkFk&lkFk prqjkbZ ds Hkh fnXn'kZu gksrs gSA lkg.kh vius lrhRo dks cpkus ds fy, ukbZ ds lkeus ikrj dks Hkstrh gSA& ^^Egwa the.k rS;kj d#aA Fkwa nksM+ tk fHkazxyh ikrj us cqyk; ykA dhtS fjfi;k iwjk nl nsoawykA xkck&yrk iSgj vBs vkos tkA** fHkazxyh Hkh mlds fo'okl esa iwjk mrjrh gSA vkSj mls fo'okl fnykrh gS& lkg.kh th fparkbZ er djks FkkaA lksoks vkjke lw [kwaVh rka.kA** fHkazxyh rks dk<+ ?kwa?kVks] ys gkFk FkkG] j.kd&>.kd djrh thekok pkyh nks fi;kGk esa xSyks dj [kqokl th us iks<+k; nh?kkA** bu yksd dFkkvksa esa L=h dh pkykdh dh vfHkO;fDr Hkh gqbZ gS& ^^Hkkx esa fy[kh tks feyh** yksddFkk esa uk;.k pkykdh ls daojh ds uk[kwu ys tkrh gSA ^^uk;.k cSB u ekFkks xwafFk;ksa gkFkk ixka jk u[k dkVok ykxh] jktk jh daojh cksyh ^^Egkjk u[k+ vBS bZ EgkuSa lwi tktksA** Egkus u[kka us ys tk; dkabZ dj.kks gS** uk;.k ;wa dS; ,d&,d u[kus drj nks&nks VqdM+ks dha/kk ,d&,d VqdM+ks rks iqM+dh esa cka/kw dkapGh esa ?kkG Gh/kksA ,d&,d VqdM+ks gks tks chl bZ u[k fx.kk; daojh us lwaixhA** bl izdkj bl vapy dh yksd dFkkvksa esa fL=;k¡ fdlh Hkh oxZ vFkok tkfr dh D;ksa u gks muds LoHkko esa ljyrk] nwljksa ds fgr dh lkspus ds dkj.k ekuoksfpr lgt O;ogkj rFkk nwljksa dks viuk cuk ysus dk xq.k fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA tgk¡ bu yksd dFkkvksa esa fu"diV ,oa R;kx] izse vkSj lân;rk dh Hkkouk gksrh gS] ogha ij dqN ,slh fL=;ksa dk mYys[k Hkh bu yksd dFkkvksa esa fey tkrk gSA ftUgksaus funZ;h O;ogkj Hkh fd;k gSA ^Hkwrk jh Hkwr.kh* uked yksd dFkk esa tkV.kh
  • 3. 74 SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 dk O;ogkj funZ;h gSA ^^,d tkV dh yqxkbZ iwjh djxlkA m.k rks use c.kk; jkf[k;ksA jksthuk tkV js ekFkk esa bDdhl twrk fx.k u Bksd.kkA fnu mxrkabZ lclwa iSGks dke rks twrk ekj.kkA idM+ ckaofV;ks QGlk jk [kw.kka dusa ÅHkks jk[k fx.k u tjck esYgs ,d&nks&rhu --- iwjk bDdhlA tkV ckiM+ks [kkorks** bruk gh ugha bl izdkj dh vkSjrksa ls ekuo gh ugha Hkwr Hkh Hkkx [kM+s gksrs gSaA bl izdkj bu yksd dFkkvksa esa ukjh ds fofo/k i{kksa dk fp=kadu ls jktLFkkuh ukfj;ksa dh eukso`fÙk;ksa dk mn~?kkVu gks tkrk gSA ukfj;ksa ds 'khy LoHkko esa dkseyrk] ekrk dh lh lân;rk] jkuh ds ân; dk cM+Iiu] LokFkZoknh eukso`fÙk;k¡ Ny] diV vkSj jkSnz :i dk fp=.k Hkh bu yksd dFkkvksa esa gqvk gSA ukfj;ksa ds ikjLifjd vUr}ZU} lkSfr;k&Mkg dk Hkh fp=.k izeq[krk ls eq[kfjr gqvk gSA 1 MkW- oklqnso 'kj.k vxzoky& ^vktdy* dk ykd dFkkad ebZ 1954] i`- 9 2 MkW- lR;sUnz& ^fganh lkfgR; dks'k* ¼Hkkx&izFke½ i2- 748 3 MkW- gtkjhizlkn f}osnh& ^vktdy* dk yksd dFkkad] ebZ 1954] i`- 12 4 MkW- jkey[ku eh.kk& ^yksd dFkkvksa esa O;kIr Hkkjrh; laLd`fr lekt Hkk"kk oSKkfud v/;;u*] Hkwfedk ls 5 MkW- lksgunkupj.k& ^jktLFkkuh yksd lkfgR; dk lS)kfUrd foospuk i`- 127 6 MkW- jkey[ku eh.kk& ^yksd dFkkvksa esa O;kIr Hkkjrh; laLd`fr lekt Hkk"kk oSKkfud v/;;u*] i`- 40 7 jkt&cht jh ckr ¼gLrfyf[kr izfr v-t-xz- chdkusj½ 8 jkuh y{eh dqekjh pw.Mkor& ^^[khaoks chatks jktLFkkuh yksd xkFkk**&i`- 3 9 ujksÙke Lokeh& jktLFkkuh ckrka] Hkkx& izFke] i`- 28 10 jkuh y{eh dqekjh pw.Mkor& ^^lr jh ikj[k jktLFkkuh yksd xkFkk**&i`- 51 11 jkuh y{eh dqekjh pw.Mkor& ^^lr jh ikj[k jktLFkkuh yksd xkFkk**&i`- 60 12 jkuh y{eh dqekjh pw.Mkor& ^^lr jh ikj[k jktLFkkuh yksd xkFkk**&i`- 54 13 jkuh y{eh dqekjh pw.Mkor& ^^lr jh ikj[k jktLFkkuh yksd xkFkk**&i`- 56 14 jkuh y{eh dqekjh pw.Mkor& ^^lr jh ikj[k jktLFkkuh yksd xkFkk**&i`- 46 15 jkuh y{eh dqekjh pw.Mkor& ^^Hkwrka jh Hkwr.kh jktLFkkuh yksd xkFkk**&i`- 65

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