Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. 35SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 Introduction Recreational sports programs are viewed as essentialcomponentsofhighereducation,supplement- ing the educational process through enhancement of students'physical,mental,andemotionaldevelopment. Elmer Mitchell is considered to be the father of intra- mural sports (Rothwell & Theodore, 2006). Rothwell and Theodore defined intramurals as "those activities carried out under the auspices of a particular institu- tionandinwhichalltheparticipantsaremembersofthe particularinstitution".Theterm"intramural"isderived from the Latin words "intra," meaning "within," and "muralis," meaning "walls." Intramurals are offered regardlessofgender,age,orabilitylevel.Theactivities are designed to be competitive but at the same time stressess the importance of good sportsmanship. In2004,ForresterandBeggsclaimed "facili- tating positive experiences that provide opportunities todevelopself-confidenceshouldbeamajorgoalofall campusrecreationalsportsprograms"(p.13).Lindsey, Sessoms, and Willis (2009) stated that campus recre- ational sports are services provided to offer students an opportunity to participate in a sport and fitness activity. Since some PE College does not offer recre- ational sports, students have no opportunity to par- ticipateinextracurricularactivitiesthatfallwithintheir financial abilities. This study is meant to assess the interest level in an intramural sports program among thestudents ofPECollege.Bothstudents and faculties will benefit from this study and with the information obtained steps shall be made to implement a potential intramuralsportsprogram.Theseorganizedrecreational sports are used to promote wellness among college students, also allowing those who do not compete at an elite level, an opportunity to become active. The activities associated with intramural sporting events Research Paper -Physical Education December , 2013 Analysisofstudentsparticipationinextracurricular activities in Physical education colleges *Dr.AbhayN.Buchha Participation in intramural sports has been known to reduce stress levels, build self confidence, improve leadership skills, and promote good sportsmanship. This study examined the interest level for a potential intramural sports program of Physical education College students. Other factors such as activity, financial obligation, facilities, etc. were analyzed. Self administered questionnaire was administered to students. Participants indicated a high level of interest for intramural sports. The findings may assist Physical Education [PE] colleges to develop steps necessary for the implementation of an intramural sports program. A B S T R A C T Keywords: intramural sports, participation, intramural, college. provide college students with an outlet when dealing with stress and give students a chance to socially interactwithpeers.Collegelifeinvolvesmorethanjust academic achievement; it is also a time when students begintodefinetheirindependenceandfindthemselves. Students who participate in recreational sports tends todeveloppositiveself-images,awarenessofstrengths, increased tolerance and self-control, stronger social interaction skills, and maturity all gleaned fromrecre- ational sports experiences. The field of recreational sports has grown into a dynamic, organized presence providing quality co-curricular opportunities for the majority of the students and who are involved in intra- muralsportsarenotonlymoresatisfiedwiththeircollege experiencebutalsotendtoachievebettergrades,persist in college and have greater chances of implementing career objectives. PE Colleges are aware of this and strive to offer programs that increase student interaction and provide opportunities. Intramurals are offered regard- less of sex, age, or ability level. In 2004, Forrester and Beggs claimed, facilitating positive experiences that provide opportunities to develop self-confidence shouldbeamajorgoalofallcampusrecreationalsports programs. If PE Colleges does not offer recreational sports, students have no opportunity to participate in extracurricularactivitiesthatfallwithintheiracademic abilities. This study is also meant to assess the interest level in an intramural sports program as students will benefit and necessary steps will be taken to implement apotentialintramuralsportsprogram.Importantaspect ofintramurals,studentswho participatedhasindicated higherlevelsofsatisfaction ascompared withstudents who did not participate. Intramural sports programs commonlyenforce standards ofmoral conductsuch as good sportsmanship and positive reinforcement. *Amravati
  • 2. 36 SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 Disagreements with moral conduct standards forces individualstoanalyzetheirpersonalvaluesand beliefs when participating in intramural sports. Intramural sports create a way for college students to feel a sense of belonging. This constructs not only a better environment to study, but a better environment to live. Participants benefit from intramural sports by improving their emotional well-being while reducing stressandsurroundingthemselvesbyotherswithsimi- lar interests (NIRSA, 2004). NIRSA suggested that participants build self-confidence and character while recreational sports programs in general promotes diversity, teaches team building, and improves their individual leadership skills. Intramurals opens up an essential path for student interaction which can turn into the stronger development of social skills, integra- tion into the university, and an even higher retention rate among students who participate often in these activities. SignificanceoftheStudy This study would be significant on the following as- pect: 1. Improvementonassessmentofthestatusofintramu ral sport programme in PE colleges. 2. Toimprovetheprovisionoffacilitiesandequipment in PE colleges. 3. To create interest of students in intramural sport programme inPE colleges. 4. Toprovideasustainableintramuralsportsprogram focused on increasing student leadership,fair play and volunteerism. 5. Toenableparticipantstoplayinavarietyofdifferent sports in a recreational or competitive atmosphere. Delimitations This study was delimitated to the following parameters: 1. Interestlevel,financialability,otherextracurricular activities, and various important factors which are related with intramural activities was analyzed. 2. The instrument for this study was gathered using a self-administered questionnaire who had partici pated in Intramural activities. Limitations This study was limited by the following factors: 1. Due to the sampling methods, the sample may not represent the entire population. 2.StudentsofPhysicalEducationCollegesofAmravati studying in B.P.Ed.course for the academicsession 2012 -13 wererandomlyselected asthesubjectsfor this study. 3. The sample forthe subject was selected irrespective of caste, creed and gender. Hypothesis Following Hypothesis was considered for the study: H1. It was hypothesed that students participate with great interest in intramural sports. H2. It was hypothesed that all mandatory facilities as required in the curricula was made available to the subjects. [ sports equipments, play fields, etc.] H3. It was hypothesed that participation in intramu ral sports largely benefits students in PE col leges, Methodology A random sample of 137 respondents irrespec- tiveofgenderfromB.P.Ed.courseandhasparticipated in the Intramurals programme was taken for the study from PE colleges. A pretested structured interview schedule was prepared to collect the data. Analysis of Data and Discussions on The Findings Discussions on the findings The limitations of the study played a key role in the outcomes. From Table No.1 based on the findings of this study, the following conclusions are drawn: 1. All mandatory facilities as required in the curricula were not available in PE collegeshence; Hypothesis H2 is not proved positive hence dis carded. 2. Faculties in PE colleges do not encourage students to participate in intramural sports programme and students participates due to their self interest, also some PE colleges does not support financially in tramural sports programme. 3. There is a high interest level among students for an intramural sports program which proves Hypothesis H1 is positive in nature and accepted. 4. Itwasanalysedthatparticipationinintramuralsports benefited students of PE colleges, hence Hypoth esis H3 is proved positive in nature and accepted. 5. Indoor sports facilities is very poor in PE colleges, hence students self interest in Indoor sports activities cannot be encouraged. 6. Sports activitiesconducted are inappropriate as per the gender of students. Conclusions and Recommendations Based on the above conclusions of this study, fol- lowing recommendations are made for PE colleges: 1. Establishmandatorysportsinfrastructuresforimple mentation of an intramural sports program. 2. Conduct further research on student involvement andexaminetheirinterestlevelsformaximumpartici pation and help financially for conducting Intramu ral sports programme. 3. Future research should examine programs and man agement of current Intramurals conducted by other PE colleges.Qualified faculties must handle intra muralsports programme.
  • 3. 37SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 4. For maintaining and sustaining interest in intramu ral sports, students must be kept informed con stantly about intramural sports activities and con duction of Intramurals must be held appropriate in ratio of student gender. 5. Intramural programs should provide students with a variety of interesting, diverse, and challenging activities to accommodate differing levels of need, skill, readiness, and interests. 1. Artinger, L., Clapham, L., Forrester, S. A., Hunt, C., Meigs, M., Milord, N., & Sampson, B. (2006). The social benefits of intramural sports. NASPA Journal, 43(1), 69-86. Retrieved from 2. Forrester, S., & Beggs, B. (2004). Gender and self-esteem in intramural sports. Physical & Health Education Journal, 70(4), 12-19. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. 3. Henderson, B. C. (2010). The impact of student recreation centers on social belonging and retention. (Masters thesis) Texas Tech University. Lubbock, TX. Retrieved from 4. Lindsey, R., Sessoms, E., & Willis, G. (2009). Impact of campus recreational sports facilities and programs on recruitment and retention among African American students: a pilot study. Recreational Sports Journal, 33(1), 25-34. Retrieved from 5. Mathner, R. P., Martin, C. L., Tatum, S. A., & Chouti, D. (2010). The effects of a sportsmanship education program on the behavior of college intramural sports participants. Recreational Sports Journal, 34(2), 119-128. Retrieved from 6. Moffitt, J. (2010). Recreating retention. Recreational Sports Journal, 34(1), 24-33. Retrieved from 7. National Intramural-Recreational Sports Association. (1996). General and Specialty Standards for Collegiate Recre ational Sports. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. 8. National Intramural-Recreational Sports Association. (2004). The Value of Recreational Sports in Higher Education - Impact on Student Enrollment, Success, and Buying Power. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. 9. Rothwell, E., & Theodore, P. (2006). Intramurals and college student development: The role of intramurals on values clarification. Recreational Sports Journal, 30(1), 46-52. Retrieved from R E F E R E N C E TableNo.1 Factors RespondentsOpinion(%) Yes No Essential equipments available 25.55% 74.45% Standard playfields available 36.50% 63.50% Faculties encouraged for Participation 48.91% 51.09% Participated due to self Interest 71.53% 28.47% Institution supported Financially 47.45% 52.55% Adequate facilities for Indoor Games 30.66% 69.34% Adequate facilities for Outdoor Games 62.04% 37.96% Participation proved beneficial 80.29% 19.71% As per gender appropriate sports activities are conducted 52.55% 47.45% 6. Implement standards-based physical education cur riculumthatemphasizes enjoyable and moderate to vigorous physical activity participation that helps students to adopt and maintain physically active lifestyles. 7. Provide extracurricular physical activity programs that meet the needs and interests of all students. Results suggest that currently used approaches in required courses may not be effective in increasing physical activity levels of college students