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33 35 Document Transcript

  • 1. 33SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832, (Print), E- ISSN- 2320-5474, Aug-Oct, 2013 ( Combind ) VOL –V * ISSUE – 55-57 Introduction Dowry is one of the key social problem of modern India. With limited financial resources avail- able, it is becoming increasingly difficult for families, especially for middle and lower class, to cope with the burgeoning dowry demands. AccordingtotheDowryProhibitionAct1961, dowryhas been defined as anymoneyorgifts received or given as consideration for the marriage. Besides, government measures, efforts have also been made by general public through organising protests against the dowry system. It is difficult to search out who is responsiblefor thissocialevil. Butasin Indiamajority of marriages are arranged by their parents,therefore, it is usually assumed that parents demand the dowry. It is also assumed that mainly females are more in favour of dowry incomparison to males and people of rural background favour dowry more as compare to people of urban areas.So it is necessary to know that is there any effect of gender, locality and education on the attitude of persons towards dowry system. Statement ofTheProblem "A comparative study of the attitude of prospective teachers towards dowry system in relation to gender and locality" Objectivesof TheStudy The study was conducted to realize the fol- lowing objectives: 1. To study the attitude of male prospective teachers towards dowry system. 2. To study the attitude of female prospective teachers towards dowry system. 3. Tocomparetheattitudeofmaleprospectiveteachers and female prospective teachers towards dowry sys tem. 4. To study the attitude of prospective teachers having rural locality towards dowry system. 5. To study the attitude of prospective teachers having urban locality towards dowry system. 6. To compare the attitude of prospective teachers having rural and urban locality towards dowry sys tem. Hypotheses In order to realize the afforesaid objectives Research Paper - Education Aug- Oct , 2013 AComparative Study of TheAttitude of Prospective Teachers Toward Dowry System In Relation To Gender and Locality * Dr. Sandeep Berwal * Assistant Professor,ShivCollegeofEducation,Tigaon(Faridabad) following null hypothesis were framed : 1. There is no significant difference between the attitude of male and female prospective teachers towards dowry system. 2. There is no significant difference between the atti tude of prospective teachers having rural and ur ban locality towards dowry system. MethodologyUsed In accordance with the nature of the present study, "Descriptive survey method" was used for the collection of data. Purposive Sampling was used to collecttherequiredrelevantdata.DowryAttitudeScale (DAS)byR.R.Sharma. StaststcalTechniquesUsed Statistical techniques like percentage, mean, S.D. and 't' test were used to analyse the data. ResultRelatedToTheAttitudeOfMaleProspective Teachers TowardsDowrySystem Tablerevealthat36%maleprospectiveteach- ers have negative attitude towards dowry system. It means that 36% male prospective teachers disfavour dowry. Table 1 Attitude of Male Prospective Teachers towards Dowry System Attitude towards Dowry System Percentage Negative Attitude 36% Neutral Attitude 38% Positive Attitude 26% Tablefurtherrevealsthat26%maleprospectiveteach- ers have shown positive attitude towards dowry. It means thatapproximatelyone fourth populationofthe maleprospectiveteachersfavourthepracticeofdowry Tableindicatesthat38%ofthemaleprospectiveteach- ers have shown neutral attitude towards dowry sys- tem. It means that neither they do favour dowry nor they do oppose it. Attitude of Female Prospective Teachers towards Dowry System Table2 Attitudetowards Dowrysystem Percentage Negative attitude 38% Neutral Attitude 36% Positive Attitude 26% Table exhibits that 26% female prospective teachers have shown positive attitude towards dowry. It means
  • 2. 34 International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832, (Print), E- ISSN- 2320-5474, Aug-Oct, 2013 ( Combind ) VOL –V * ISSUE – 55-57 that these female prospective teachers favour giving and taking of dowry.These female prospective teach- ers think that they can be highly placed in society by taking and givingthe dowry.Alook onthe table further reveals that only 38 % female prospective- teachers have shown negative attitude towards dowry. Table indicates that 36% female prospective teachers have expressed neutral attitude towards dowry system. It means that towards dowry their feelings are not very specific. They seem to be unconcerned towards this system and are not much worried even if this problem continues in the society unbridled. Table 3 indicate that the mean score on atti- tude of male prospective teachers towards dowry is 225.22 which is greater than the means score on atti- tude of female prospective teachers towards dowry systems i.e. 210.62. Table also indicate that the ob- tained't'value 3.51isgreaterthanthetablevalueat0.01 level and 0.05 level of significance which further re- veals that there is a significant difference between the attitude of male prospective teachers and female pro- spective teachers towards dowry. Thereforethenullhypothesisno1 isrejectedanditcan be reframed as, "There is a significant difference be- tweentheattitudeofmaleandfemaleprospectiveteach- ers towards dowry system" Attitude of Prospective Teachers having Rural Local- ity towards Dowry System rural locality neither favour nor disfavor the practice of dowry The result related to the fifth objective of the study are given in Table 5. Attitude ofProspectiveTeachers havingUrban Local- ity towards Dowry System Table4 AttitudetowardsDowrysystem Percentage Negative attitude 36% Neutral Attitude 40% Positive Attitude 24% Table indicates that 24% prospective teach- ers having rural background exhibit positive attitude towards dowry. It means that these prospective teach- ers favour the practice of dowry. These prospective teachers think that they can get high position in soci- ety by taking and giving the dowry. Table further reveals that only 36 % prospective teachers of rural background have shown negative attitude towards dowry. Theydo not want this evil practice in society to continue.They are not in favour of pomp and show of dowry at the time of marriage. Tablefurther revealsthat40% prospective teachers of ruralbackgroundexhibitneutralattitudetowardsdowry system. It means that these prospective teachers of Table 5 AttitudetowardsDowrysystem Percentage Negative attitude 42% Neutral Attitude 44% Positive Attitude 14% Table indicates that 14% prospective teach- ers having urban background exhibit positive attitude towards dowry. It means that they favour the practice of dowry. These prospective teachers consider dowry as status symbol in the society. Table further reveals that 42 % of the prospective teachers have shown negative attitude towards dowry 42% prospective teachers of urban locality have ex- pressed their neutral attitude towards dowry . It means that these prospective neither favour nor disfavor the practice of dowry system prevailing in modern society . They seem to be unconcerned to- wardsthissystemandarenotmuchworried evenifthis problem continues in the society. Attitude of Rural Prospective Teachers and Urban Prospective Teachers towards Dowry System See Table 6 Table 6 indicate that the mean score on atti- tude of prospective teachers of rural locality towards dowry is 242.28 which is greater than the means score on attitude of prospective teachers of urban locality towardsdowrysystemsi.e.208.74.Thetablealsoindi- cate that the obtained 't' value 3.27 is greater than the table value at 0.01 level and 0.05 level of significance which further reveals that there is a significant differ- ence between the attitude of prospective teachers having rural and urban locality towards dowry. Conclusions First conclusion drawn by the investigator is that 38 percent male prospective teachers have neutral attitude toward dowry system, 36 percent male pro- spective teachers have negative attitude toward dowry system where as 26 percent male prospective teachers have positive attitude toward dowry system. Second conclusiondrawn bythe investigator is that 36 percent female prospective teachers have neutral atti- Table3AttitudeofMaleandFemaleProspectiveTeacherstowardsDowrySystem Gender No. Mean S.D. S.ED 't' values Male Prospective Teachers 30 225.22 20.82 4.164 3.51* Female Prospective Teachers 70 210.62
  • 3. 35SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832, (Print), E- ISSN- 2320-5474, Aug-Oct, 2013 ( Combind ) VOL –V * ISSUE – 55-57 tudetowarddowrysystem,38 percentfemaleprospec- tive teachers have negative attitude toward dowry system where as 26 percent female prospective teach- ers have positive attitude toward dowry system. Third conclusion drawn by the investigator is that there is a significant difference between the attitude ofmaleand femaleprospectiveteacherstowarddowry system. Fourth conclusion drawn by the investigator is that 40 percent prospectiveteachershavingrurallocalityhave neutral attitude toward dowry system, 36 percent pro- spective teachers having rural locality have negative attitude toward dowry system where as 24 percent prospective teachers having rural locality have posi- Table 6 Locality No. Mean S.D. S.ED 't' values Rural Prospective Teachers 40 242.28 23.27 4.726 3.27* Urban Prospective Teachers 60 208.74 *significant at 0.01 and 0.05 level tive attitude toward dowry system. Fifth conclusion drawn by the investigator is that 44 percent prospective teachers having urban locality have neutral attitude toward dowry system, 42 percent prospective teachers having urban locality havenega- tive attitude toward dowrysystemwhere as 14 percent prospective teachers having urban locality have posi- tive attitude toward dowry system. Sixth conclusion drawn by the investigator is that there is a significant difference between the attitude of prospective teachers having rural and urban locality toward dowry system. 1. Aurora, S. :"Dowry-Its past, present and future" Social welfare department Vol. 5 No. 5 (August, 1958). 2. Aziz, A. : "Economics of bride-price and dowry", Economics and political weekly, 9 (April, 1983). 3. Berdewich, F/ :"Dowry Deaths : our National shame" Reader's Digest (September, 1988). 4. Farooqui, V. :"Dowry as a means of acquiring wealth and social. Now (Past and Present). 1983. 6(4-5). 5. Kapil, H.K. :"Elements of Statistics (in social sciences)", Vinod Pustak Mandir, Agra, 1994. R E F E R E N C E