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106 107

  1. 1. 106 RESEARCH ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0975-3486, (Print), E- ISSN -2320-5482, Aug- Oct, 2013 (Combind) VOL –V * ISSUE- 47-49 ^Hkkjr o"kZ esa vfr izkphu dky ls /keZ lk/kuk ds rhu iz/kku ekxZ izpfyr gS&deZ] Kku vkSj HkfDrA ns'k] dky] ifjfLFkfr ds vuqlkj dHkh fdlh ekxZ dh iz/kkurk jgh gS rks dHkh vkSj fdlh dhA Hkkjr esa /keZ lk/kuk ds HkfDrekxZ ds varxZr lxq.k HkfDr /kkjk dk mn; dc gqvk dguk dfBu gS fdUrq oSfnd cgqnsoksikluk] fo'onsoksikluk vkSj vusd nsoksikluk ls bldk laca/k vusd fon~okuksa us [kkstk gSA iqjk.kdky rd HkfDr dk :i fLFkj gksdj nf{k.k Hkkjr esa izpkfjr gqvk bl fo"k; esa ;g dFku n`"VO; gS& ^^HkfDr dk mn~Hko LFkku nzfoM+ ns'k ekuk x;k gSA vr% bl laca/k esa dgk x;k gS&^HkfDr nzfoM+ Åith yk, jkekuUn*A HkfDr nf{k.k esa mRiUu gqbZ vkSj ogk¡ ls mRrj Hkkjr esa jkekuUn }kjk yk;h x;hA**1 ,d vU; mn~/kj.k esa Hkh HkfDr dh osn laxfr dk Li"V ladsr gS tks bl izdkj gS& ^^Hkkjr esa HkfDr ds cht osnksa ls gh feyus yxrs gSA**2 ;gk¡ iwtk vkSj mikluk ds LFkku ij ;kfKd vkSj deZdk.M dh izo`fRr izeq[k FkhA HkfDr 'kCn dk loZizFke iz;ksx 'osrk'osrjksifu"kn~ esa J)k leosr~ Hkkouk ds vFkZ esa gqvk gSA HkfDr laca/kh 'kkL=ksa esa vkSj osnksa esa HkfDr dk ,d lk Lo:i ns[kus dks ugha feyrkA HkfDr ds tks cht osnksa esa feyrs gSa] mUgha dk fodkl vkxs ds xzUFkksa esa gqvk gSA HkfDr 'kCn laLd`r ds ^Hkt~ lsok;ke~* /kkrq ls O;qRiUu gS ftldk vFkZ gS Hkxoku dh lsok djukA HkfDr ds Lo:i dks Li"V vkSj LoPN :i ls mn~?kkfVr djus esa eqfuoj 'kkf.MY; vkSj nsof"kZ ukjn ds HkfDr&lw=ksa dk izeq[k LFkku gSA 'kkf.MY; ds vuqlkj bZ'oj fo"k;d iqjkuqjfDr gh HkfDr gS& ^^lk ijkuqjfDrjh'ojsA**3 blh rjg ukjn us Hkh HkfDr dh mRd`"Vrk vius HkfDr& lw=ksa esa cM+s vkxzg ds lkFk LFkkfir dh gSA mUgksaus bZ'oj ds izfr ijeizse dks gh HkfDr dgk gS& ^^lk RokfLeu~ ijeizse:ikA**4 HkfDr dh mRd`"Vrk loZ= Lohd`r gSA Hkkxor esa Hkxordkj Hkh HkfDr dks ckj&ckj Li"V djrs gq, gesa HkfDrekxZ dh vkSj vxzlj djrs gSA muds vuqlkj HkfDr u dsoy ^ije&izse:ik* vkSj ^ve`r:ik* gS cfYd ftlus HkfDr dks izkIr fd;k gS] og fl) gks tkrk gS] vej gks tkrk gS vkSj r`Ir gks tkrk gS&^^l oS iqa lka ijks/keksZ ;rks HkfDrj/kks{ktsA izfrgrk ;FkkRek laizlhnfrA**5 vFkkZr~ HkfDr ,lh gks ftlesa fdlh izdkj dh dkeuk u gks vkSj tks fuR; fujUrj cuh jgsA ,slh HkfDr ls vkuUn Lo:i Hkxoku dh miyfC/k djds HkDr d`rd`R; gks tkrk gSA Hkkxor esa vkxs HkfDr ds Lo:i dks vksj vf/kd Li"V djrs gq, crk;k x;k gS fd & ^^ftl fdlh izdkj Hkh gks Jhd`".k esa viuk eu yxkuk pkfg,A**6 HkfDr rks Lo;a Qy:ik gSA vr% blds flok dksbZ nwljk ijekFkZ ugha gSA deZ] Kku] ;ksx ls HkfDr cM+h gS] D;ksafd og lcls vf/kd ljy gSA Hkkxor esa HkfDr dk vR;Ur 'kkL=h; vkSj euksoSKkfud foospu feyrk gSA lk/kuk i{k dks /;ku esa j[kdj Hkkxordkj us Hkkxor esa HkfDr ds ukS Hksn ^^Jo.k]dhrZu] Lej.k] iknlsou] vpZu] oUnu] nkL;] l[; vkSj vkRefuosnu fd;s gSA**7 buesa izFke rhu&Jo.k] dhrZu vkSj Lej.k J)k vkSj fo'okl dh o`fRr ds lgk;d gSaA iknlsou] vpZu vkSj oUnu :i laca/kh lk/ku gSa rFkk nkL;] l[; vkSj vkRefuosnu Hkko laca/kh lk/ku gSaA vfUre vkRefuosnu uo/kk HkfDr dh pje ifj.kfr gSA Jhen~Hkkxor esa HkfDr ds lk/; vkSj lk/ku nksuksa gh i{kksa dk foospu gqvk gSA eu dh ,dkxzrk ls Hkxoku dk fuR; fujarj Jo.k] dhrZu vkSj vkjk/ku HkfDr dk lk/ku i{k gS vkSj Hkxoku~ esa iqjkuqjfDr mldk lk/; i{k gSA lk/ku :ik HkfDr dks uo/kk&HkfDr] oS/kh HkfDr vFkok e;kZnk HkfDr Hkh dgrs gSa vkSj lk/;:ik HkfDr dks izsekHkfDr rFkk jkxkuqxk vFkok jkxkfRedk HkfDr ds uke ls vfHkfgr fd;k x;k gSA HkfDr dk lkaxksikax o.kZu loZizFke Jhen~Hkkxor iqjk.k esa gh feyrk gSA ftlls ;g fl) gksrk gS fd HkfDr dk iw.kZ fodkl iqjk.k dky esa gh gqvk gS HkfDr ds lE;d~ Kku ds fy, iqjk.kksa dk voxkgu vko';d gSA Hkkxor ,d oS".ko iqjk.k gSa vkSj Jhd`".k blds ije vkjk/; gSaA Hkkxor ds vkfn] e/; vkSj vUr esa blh ije lR; dk ladsr fd;k x;k gSA Jhen~Hkkxor ds vuqlkj Jhd`".k Lo;a Hkxoku gSA bl fo"k; esa Hkkxor dh iz[;kr mfDr gS& ^^,rs pka'kdyk iqal% d`".kLrq Hkxoku~ Lo;e~A**8 Hkkxor dh n`f"V esa ewy rRo v}; ¼v}Sr½ Kku gh gS ftls rRoosRrkx.k viuh fHkUu&fHkUu n`f"V;ksa ls czã] ijekRek vkSj Hkxoku ds uke ls iqdkjrs gS& ^^onfUr rr~ rRofonLrRoa ;n~ Kkueq};e~A czãksfr ijekResfr Hkxokfufr 'k"|rsAA**9 mifu"kn~osRrk Kkuh mls ^czã* ds uke ls iqdkjrs gS] ;ksxh ^ijekRek* ds uke ls vkSj HkfDrfu"B Hkkxor tu ^Hkxoku~* uke ls lacksf/kr djrs gSA ^czã* fufoZ'ks"k fuxqZ.k pSrU; jkf'k Aug- Oct ,2013 ‡ÊÊäÊ ¬òÊ- Á„UãŒË üÊË◊Œ˜÷ʪflà ◊¥ ÷ÁÄàÊ ∞fl¥ üÊË∑ΧcáÊ ∑§Ê SflM§¬ ÁŸM§¬áÊ * «UÊÚ. •. ‡Ê„U¡ÊŒ ∑ȧ⁄ÒU‡ÊË ** Áfl÷Ê ‚ÊŸË * ¬˝Êäÿʬ∑§ ∞fl¥ ‡ÊÊäÊ ÁŸŒ¸‡Ê∑§ , Á„UãŒË Áfl÷ʪ, ‡ÊÊ‚∑§Ëÿ ŸflËŸ ∑§‹Ê ∞fl¥ ÁflôÊÊŸ ◊„UÊÁfllÊ‹ÿ, ◊ÍãŒË- πá«UflÊ (◊.¬˝.) ** ‡ÊÊäÊ ¿UÊòÊÊ
  2. 2. 107RESEARCH ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0975-3486, (Print), E- ISSN -2320-5482, Aug- Oct, 2013 (Combind) VOL –V * ISSUE- 47-49 gS tks Kku }kjk mis; gSA blds foijhr Hkxoku lfo'ks"k lxq.k pSrU; jkf'k gS tks HkfDr }kjk mis; gSA Hkxoku Jhd`".k esa leLr 'kfDr;ksa dk iw.kZfodkl rFkk izlkj yf{kr gksrk gSA Hkxoku vfpUR; vuUr 'kfDr;ksa ls lEiUu gSa] ijUrq buesa vUrjax 'kfDr ¼Lo:i 'kfDr] fpr~ 'kfDr½ rVLFkk 'kfDr ¼tho&'kfDr½ vkSj cfgjaxk 'kfDr ¼ek;k½ eq[; ekuh xbZ gSaA ;s 'kfDr;k¡ Hkxoku esa iw.kZ O;fDrHkko ds lkFk j[kus ij Hkh vO;Dr n'kk esa Hkh fuokl djrh gSA ,d gh Lo:i esa og dsoyRo vkSj HkxorRo nksuksa ijLij fojks/kh /keksZa dk ,d lkFk gh vkJ; jgrk gSA Hkkxor Hkxoku Jhd`".k esa ijLij fo:) /keksZ dk lkeUtL; crykrk gS& Hkxoku vuhg gksdj Hkh deZ esa vklDr gSaA vtUek gksus ij Hkh tUe ysrs gSaA dky:ih gksus ij Hkh og viuh j{kk ds fufeRr nqxZ dk vkJ;.k djrs gSa vkSj izcy 'k=q ls Hkkx [kM+s gksrs gSaA vkRejfr gksus ij Hkh os vla[; izenkvksa ds lax fogkj djrs gSaA bu fojks/kh /keksZa ds vkJ; gksus ds dkj.k gh rks os fon~okuksa ds }kjk Hkh vuqHkoxE; ugha gSA Hkxoku~ ds bl oSf'k"V~; ¼fo:)/kekZJ;Ro½ dk izfriknd 'yksd n`"VO; gS& ^^dekZ.;uhgL; Hkoks·HkoL; rs nqxkZJ;ks·FkkfjHk;kr~ iyk;ue~A dkykReuks;r~izenk;qRrkJ;%LokReu~jrs%fjo|fr/khfoZnkfegAA**10 bl izdkj Jhen~Hkkxor ds Hkxoku Jhd`".k yhykiq:"kksRre gSA 1- fgUnh lxq.k dkO; dh lkaLd`frd Hkwfedk % jkeujs'k oekZ] i`-72 2- fgUnh lxq.k dkO; dh lkaLd`frd Hkwfedk % jkeujs'k oekZ] i`-9 3- ^'kkf.MY; HkfDr lw=e~* 1@2@9] Vhdkdkj MkW- Jhd`".k eS=h f=ikBh] izdk'kd Hkkjr euh"kk] okjk.klh] i`Fke laLdj.k 2030] i`-8 4- ukjn HkfDrlw=] xhrk izsl xksj[kiqj& laor~ 2040] n'ke laLdj.k lw= 5 5- Jhen~Hkkxor 1&2&6 6- Hkkxor&LdU/k 7@v-1@'yksd 31 7- Jhen~Hkkxor 7&5&23 8- Jhen~Hkkxor 1&3&28 9- Jhen~Hkkxor 1&2&11 10- Jhen~Hkkxor 3&4&16 11- Jhen~Hkkxor 6&9&34 mudh yhyk nqj o cks/k gS& ekuo cqf) dh xfr ls nwj] furkUr nwjA vkJ;'kwU; 'kjhjjfgr xq.kfoghu gksus ij Hkh lkexzh dh mis{kk dj vius Lo:i ds }kjk lxq.k fo'o dh l`f"V] fLFkfr rFkk lagfr djrs gSa ijUrq muesa fdlh izdkj dh fofØ;k mRiUu ugha gksrh& ^^nq[kcks/k ,ok;a fogkj;ksx%A ;n~v'kj.kks·'kjhjbneuosf{krkReleok;vkReuSovfofØ;ek.ksu lxq.kexq.k% l`tfl ikfl gjflA**11 lEiw.kZ Hkkxor iqjk.k esa Jhd`".k dk Lo:i yhykiq:"kksRre ds :i esa gh fu:fir fd;k x;k gSA blesa ujkorkj yhykiq:"kksRre Hkxoku Jhd`".k ds nks :i ekus x, gS& ,s'o;Ze; d`".k vkSj ek/kq;Ze; d`".kA ,s'o;Z :i ds vUrxZr mudh yksdj{k.k laca/kh yhyk,¡ vkrh gS] ftuds }kjk os jk{klksa vkSj nkuoksa dk lagkj djrs gSaA yksdjatd :i mudh ek/kq;Z Hkkouk dk |ksrd gS] ftlds vUrxZr os vius HkDrksa ds vuqjatu ds fy, ukuk izdkj dh yhyk,¡ djrs gSaA ,s'o;Ze; :i "kM~xq.; ;qDr gSA nwljs 'kCnksa esa Kku] 'kfDr] cy] ,s'o;Z] oh;Z vkSj rst ;s Ng ftuesa fo|eku gS] ogh Hkxoku gSA Jhd`".k esa ujRo dk iw.kZ lekos'k mudh yksdjatd yhykvksa }kjk gks tkrk gSA cky yhykvksa esa fd'kksjkoLFkk rd dh yhyk,¡ blh Lo:i dks mn~?kkfVr djrh gSA oLrqr% yhykiq:"kksRre dh yhyk dk o.kZu gh Jhen~Hkkxor dk loksZPp y{; gSA ‚¥Œ÷¸ ª˝¥Õ

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