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Public Sphere (By Kris Haamer)
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Public Sphere (By Kris Haamer)

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  • 1. Maria Butyaeva,Lev Derjabin,Kris Haamer “Public Sphere” How is Democracy Done?
  • 2. “Public Sphere” How is Democracy Done?What is this Public Sphere?• An idealized model of democratic debate• People come together in various forms and discuss issues of common concern
  • 3. “Public Sphere” How is Democracy Done?Ideal Public Sphere• Three premises are neccessary for the functioning of an ideal public sphere 1. Easy access 2. Rational debate 3. Disregard of rank
  • 4. “Public Sphere” How is Democracy Done?• Discussion in a public sphere inherently prevents central state control
  • 5. “Public Sphere” How is Democracy Done?Jürgen Habermas, a visionary
  • 6. “Public Sphere” How is Democracy Done?Dr.Dr. Axel Bruns, professor, blogger Axel Bruns, professor, blogger
  • 7. “Public Sphere” How is Democracy Done?18th century, local discussion in a coffee shop
  • 8. “Public Sphere” How is Democracy Done?21st century, local discussion in a coffee shop
  • 9. “Public Sphere” How is Democracy Done?21st century, mobile discussion on Facebook
  • 10. “Public Sphere” How is Democracy Done?21st century, global discussion on Facebook
  • 11. “Public Sphere” How is Democracy Done?• In May 2008, Facebook has more than a 100 million users
  • 12. “Public Sphere” How is Democracy Done?Towards the Internet Sphere• Habermas: in postmodern societies, the public sphere will be fragmented• Bruns: although the spheres may be multiple, and come in various sizes, they are connected
  • 13. “Public Sphere” How is Democracy Done?21st century, content created trough public discussion on Wikipedia
  • 14. “Public Sphere” How is Democracy Done?21st century, content highlighted trough public voting on digg
  • 15. “Public Sphere” How is Democracy Done?Bourgeois Public Sphere1. Centered around coffeehouses, literary salons, and the print media2. Ideals of equality, human rights, and justice3. Ideally, strength of ones argument is more important than ones identity but preconceptions get in the way
  • 16. “Public Sphere” How is Democracy Done? Internet Public Sphere 1. Centered around news, social networks, blogs, forums, wikis, etc. 2. Equality, human rights, and justice – held in high practical regard 3. Strength of ones argument is often more important than ones identityDr. Axel Bruns, professor, blogger
  • 17. “Public Sphere” How is Democracy Done?Key Conclusions1. Discussion in public spheres prevents central state control2. Public discussion brings about free democratic societies3. The Internet stimulates conversaton over issues of common concern
  • 18. Thank You!

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