Research and theories of distance education

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  • 1. Research and Theories of Distance Education
  • 2. Important Theories
    Theory of Independent Study
    Charles Wedemeyer (1981)
    Andragogy
    Malcolm Knowles (1990)
  • 3. Theory of Independent Study
    6 Characteristics:
    Student and learner are not in same location
    Teaching and learning procedures are covered through writing or other medium
    Teaching is individualized
    Learning takes places through student activity
    Learning is made convenient in student’s environment
    Learner is responsible for progress
  • 4. Theory of Independent Study
    4 Elements of Teaching and Learning
    Teacher
    Learner
    Communication System
    Information to be learned
  • 5. Andragogy
    Characteristics for adult education
    Environment should promote respect and dignity
    Supportive environment
    Information should fit the needs and interest of the learner
    Clear course objectives, resources, and timelines
    General-to-specific instruction works best
    Active participation should be encouraged
  • 6. Research
  • 7. Online Teaching and Learning
    Tallent-Runnels et al (2006)
    Four primary categories
    Course environment
    Learner outcomes
    Learner characteristics
    Institutional and administrative characteristics
  • 8. Key finding
    Lack of clear definition for key terminology
    Lack of theory guiding instructional design
    Positive feelings towards online learning
    Lack of computer anxiety among students
    Design and quality of online instruction is important
    Online Teaching and Learning
  • 9. Key Findings in Research
    Motivation is large factor of success
    Interaction is important
    Anxiety felt by learner leads to non-completion
    Completers typically have higher educational goals and study a minimum of 10 hours per week
    Distance does not predict level of learning
    Medium is not significant