Classification of Organisms
I.I. ClassificationClassification
A. Arrangement in classes or groups
to improve communication
between scientists.
B. Four...
II.II. Five Kingdoms of LivingFive Kingdoms of Living
ThingsThings
A. Moneran KingdomA. Moneran Kingdom
1. Simple single ...
II. Five Kingdoms contII. Five Kingdoms cont..
B. The Protist Kingdom
1. Complex , single celled
organism
a. Euglenas- mak...
Trypanosoma use flagellum to move
Paramecium have hair like structures called cil
Here is an Amoeba with its pseudopods
II.II. Five Kingdoms cont.Five Kingdoms cont.
C. The Fungi Kingdom
1. Many celled organisms
a. Sprophytes- eat dead things...
A picture of Bread Mold
And here is a Mushroom
II.II. Five Kingdoms contFive Kingdoms cont..
»D. The Plant KingdomD. The Plant Kingdom1.1. Many celled organismMany cell...
E. The Animal KingdomE. The Animal Kingdom
The Animal Kingdom cont.The Animal Kingdom cont.
1. Many Celled Organisms
2. Consume other Organisms for food
3. The Subdi...
 4. How Kingdoms are subdivided4. How Kingdoms are subdivided
Let’s look at how we would scientifically name the
Columbin...
1. Phylum: Porifera – The Sponges
a. Sessile (permanently attached
as adults.)
b. Pores
c. Two cell layers
d. Both marine ...
2.Phylum: Coelenterata
Jellyfish and Coral
a. They have tentacles.
b. They have stinging cells.
c. Some are sessile/ some ...
2. Phylum: Coelenterata cont.
Jellyfish and Coral cont.
d. Respiration – Oxygen absorbed by inner cell layer
e. Digestion ...
3. Phylum: Platyhelminthes –
The Flatworms
a. Parasites live off host
b. They can regenerate if
broken.
c.Respiration – Ox...
4. Phylum Nematoda - Roundworms
a. Many are parasites / some free - living
b. Respiration – Oxygen absorbed through the sk...
5. Phylum Annelida -
The Segmented Worm
a. Segmented body
b. Respiration – Gas exchange through the
skin.
c. Digestion –
1...
d. Circulation – Pairs of “hearts” circulate blood
5. Phylum Annelida - The Segmented Worm cont
e. Example : Earthworm - N...
6. Phylum: Mollusca – The Mollusks
a. Mostly Shell-builders
b. Mantle – Fleshy covering
that secretes the shell.
c. Well d...
6. Phylum: Mollusca – The Mollusks
d. Respiration – Gills for gas exchange
e. Digestion – complete with specialized organs...
7. Phylum - Arthropoda
7. Phylum Arthropods
a. Exoskeleton (outside)
b. Jointed legs
c. Segmented body
d. Circulation – open, hearts for
pumps
e....
g. Arthropods five classes cont.
1. Class Crustacea ( crabs, lobsters)
a. Mostly marine (salt water)
b. Cephalothorax and ...
g. Arthropods five classes cont.
2. Class Arachnida (spiders, ticks, mites)
a. Many are poisonous
b. Two body regions
c. F...
g. Arthropods five classes cont
3. Class Insecta ( grasshoppers, bees)
a. Many fly
b. Three body regions
c. Three pairs of...
g. Arthropods five classes cont
4. Class Chilopoda ( centipedes)
a. Many segments
b. One pair of legs per segment
c. Poiso...
g. Arthropods five classes cont
5. Class Diplopoda ( millipedes)
a. Many segments
b. Two pairs of legs per segment
c. Not ...
8.Phylum: Echinodermata
starfish
A. Spiny skin
B. Radial design
C. Examples: sea stars
9.Phylum Chordata
( vertebrates with spinal cords)
A. Circulatory system
1. Closed (veins and arteries)
2. Multi chambered...
Let’s take a look at 7 classes of vertebrates
Phylum: Chordata cont.
1. Class: Cyclostomata
a. Cold blooded
b. Cartilage skeleton
c. No true Jaws
d. Example: The lamprey
Phylum: Chordata cont
2. Class: Chondrichthyes
a. Cold blooded
b. Sharp teeth
c. Cartilage skeleton
d. Example: sharks, ra...
Phylum: Chordata cont
3. Class: Osteichthyes
1. Cold blooded
2. Bone skeleton
3. Two chambered heart
4. Scales
5. Example:...
Phylum: Chordata cont
4. Class: amphibia
a. Live in water and on land
b. Smooth moist skin ( exceptions: toads)
c. Cold bl...
e. Breathe through lungs and skin as adults
f. Lay eggs in water
g. Three chambered heart
h. Metamorphisms (tadple to frog...
Phylum: Chordata
5. Class: Reptilia
a. Cold blooded
b. scales
c. Lay eggs on land
Phylum: Chordata
5. Class: Reptilia cont.
d. Incomplete four chambered heart
e. Breath with lungs from birth
f. Example: s...
Phylum: Chordata
6. Class: Aves The birds
a. Warm blooded
b. Complete four chambered heart
c. Streamlined (aerodynamic) bo...
Phylum: Chordata
6. Class: Aves The birds cont.
e. Lay eggs on land
f. Light weight skeleton
g. Examples: Eagles, Seagulls...
Phylum: Chordata
7. Class: Mammalia
a. Warm blooded
b. Hair
c. Live birth (placentals)
Placenta- nourishes baby while deve...
Phylum: Chordata
7. Class: Mammalia cont.
d. Mammary glands
- produce milk
- nurse young
e. Two pairs of limbs
f. High fun...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Kingdoms

302
-1

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
302
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
13
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Kingdoms

  1. 1. Classification of Organisms
  2. 2. I.I. ClassificationClassification A. Arrangement in classes or groups to improve communication between scientists. B. Four factors used to classify 1. They have similar structures 2. They have similar behaviors 3. They eat the same kinds of things 4. They have the same chemical make up.
  3. 3. II.II. Five Kingdoms of LivingFive Kingdoms of Living ThingsThings A. Moneran KingdomA. Moneran Kingdom 1. Simple single celled Example: Bacteria 2. Helpful types a. Decomposers b. Yogurt 3. Harmful types a. Pathogens – cause disease b Strepthroat
  4. 4. II. Five Kingdoms contII. Five Kingdoms cont.. B. The Protist Kingdom 1. Complex , single celled organism a. Euglenas- make their own food b. Protozoans – depend on getting food from other sources. c. Examples of common protists are as follows
  5. 5. Trypanosoma use flagellum to move
  6. 6. Paramecium have hair like structures called cil
  7. 7. Here is an Amoeba with its pseudopods
  8. 8. II.II. Five Kingdoms cont.Five Kingdoms cont. C. The Fungi Kingdom 1. Many celled organisms a. Sprophytes- eat dead things 2. Depend on others for food b. Parasites – attack living tissues 3. Examples of a. Yeasts b. Mushrooms
  9. 9. A picture of Bread Mold
  10. 10. And here is a Mushroom
  11. 11. II.II. Five Kingdoms contFive Kingdoms cont.. »D. The Plant KingdomD. The Plant Kingdom1.1. Many celled organismMany celled organism 2.2. They make their own food.They make their own food. –a. Process called photosynthesisa. Process called photosynthesis –b. Examples:b. Examples: –Trees, flowers, and grassTrees, flowers, and grass
  12. 12. E. The Animal KingdomE. The Animal Kingdom
  13. 13. The Animal Kingdom cont.The Animal Kingdom cont. 1. Many Celled Organisms 2. Consume other Organisms for food 3. The Subdivision of this Kingdom a. Naming Organisms b. Common names – house cat c. Scientific Names – Felis catus Genus Species
  14. 14.  4. How Kingdoms are subdivided4. How Kingdoms are subdivided Let’s look at how we would scientifically name the Columbine. a. Phylum Tracheophyta b. Class Angiospermae c. Order Dicotyledon d. Family Ranunculaceae e. Genus Aquilegia f. Species cearulea
  15. 15. 1. Phylum: Porifera – The Sponges a. Sessile (permanently attached as adults.) b. Pores c. Two cell layers d. Both marine and fresh water e. Respiration- Oxygen absorbed by inner cells. f. Digestion- Food absorbed by inner cell layer. g. Circulation- 1. Flagellum create a water current. 2. No Blood
  16. 16. 2.Phylum: Coelenterata Jellyfish and Coral a. They have tentacles. b. They have stinging cells. c. Some are sessile/ some free-living
  17. 17. 2. Phylum: Coelenterata cont. Jellyfish and Coral cont. d. Respiration – Oxygen absorbed by inner cell layer e. Digestion – 1. Food absorbed by inner cell wall 2. Single opening mouth f. Circulation – water current distributes gas/food
  18. 18. 3. Phylum: Platyhelminthes – The Flatworms a. Parasites live off host b. They can regenerate if broken. c.Respiration – Oxygen absorbed through the skin d. Digestion - 1. Nutrients absorbed into the skin 2. Single opening mouth e. Circulation – Nutrients/ gas circulated by host
  19. 19. 4. Phylum Nematoda - Roundworms a. Many are parasites / some free - living b. Respiration – Oxygen absorbed through the skin d. Digestion 1. Nutrients absorbed by inner cell layer. 2. Complete system ( Two Openings) D. Circulation - Food / gas absorbed through cells
  20. 20. 5. Phylum Annelida - The Segmented Worm a. Segmented body b. Respiration – Gas exchange through the skin. c. Digestion – 1. Specialized organs 2. Complete System 3. Nutrients absorbed through inner cell layer.
  21. 21. d. Circulation – Pairs of “hearts” circulate blood 5. Phylum Annelida - The Segmented Worm cont e. Example : Earthworm - Nightcrawlers
  22. 22. 6. Phylum: Mollusca – The Mollusks a. Mostly Shell-builders b. Mantle – Fleshy covering that secretes the shell. c. Well developed sense organs
  23. 23. 6. Phylum: Mollusca – The Mollusks d. Respiration – Gills for gas exchange e. Digestion – complete with specialized organs. f. Circulation – hearts for pumping blood. g. Mostly aquatic h. Examples Octopus ,squid, Snails and clams
  24. 24. 7. Phylum - Arthropoda
  25. 25. 7. Phylum Arthropods a. Exoskeleton (outside) b. Jointed legs c. Segmented body d. Circulation – open, hearts for pumps e. Respiration - 1. Vents and spiracles ( land arthropods) 2. Gills (aquatic arthropods) f. Digestion – complete with specialized organs g. Five classes of arthropods
  26. 26. g. Arthropods five classes cont. 1. Class Crustacea ( crabs, lobsters) a. Mostly marine (salt water) b. Cephalothorax and abdomen (two body regions) c. Five pair of legs
  27. 27. g. Arthropods five classes cont. 2. Class Arachnida (spiders, ticks, mites) a. Many are poisonous b. Two body regions c. Four pairs of legs
  28. 28. g. Arthropods five classes cont 3. Class Insecta ( grasshoppers, bees) a. Many fly b. Three body regions c. Three pairs of legs
  29. 29. g. Arthropods five classes cont 4. Class Chilopoda ( centipedes) a. Many segments b. One pair of legs per segment c. Poisonous
  30. 30. g. Arthropods five classes cont 5. Class Diplopoda ( millipedes) a. Many segments b. Two pairs of legs per segment c. Not poisonous
  31. 31. 8.Phylum: Echinodermata starfish A. Spiny skin B. Radial design C. Examples: sea stars
  32. 32. 9.Phylum Chordata ( vertebrates with spinal cords) A. Circulatory system 1. Closed (veins and arteries) 2. Multi chambered heart B. Digestive System – Complete system with specialized organs C. Respiratory System 1. Lungs on land 2. Gills in most cases in water
  33. 33. Let’s take a look at 7 classes of vertebrates
  34. 34. Phylum: Chordata cont. 1. Class: Cyclostomata a. Cold blooded b. Cartilage skeleton c. No true Jaws d. Example: The lamprey
  35. 35. Phylum: Chordata cont 2. Class: Chondrichthyes a. Cold blooded b. Sharp teeth c. Cartilage skeleton d. Example: sharks, rays, skates
  36. 36. Phylum: Chordata cont 3. Class: Osteichthyes 1. Cold blooded 2. Bone skeleton 3. Two chambered heart 4. Scales 5. Example: perch, bass
  37. 37. Phylum: Chordata cont 4. Class: amphibia a. Live in water and on land b. Smooth moist skin ( exceptions: toads) c. Cold blooded d. Breathe through gills as babies
  38. 38. e. Breathe through lungs and skin as adults f. Lay eggs in water g. Three chambered heart h. Metamorphisms (tadple to frog) i. Examples newts, salamanders, frogs and toads 4. Class: amphibia cont.
  39. 39. Phylum: Chordata 5. Class: Reptilia a. Cold blooded b. scales c. Lay eggs on land
  40. 40. Phylum: Chordata 5. Class: Reptilia cont. d. Incomplete four chambered heart e. Breath with lungs from birth f. Example: snakes, lizards, turtles
  41. 41. Phylum: Chordata 6. Class: Aves The birds a. Warm blooded b. Complete four chambered heart c. Streamlined (aerodynamic) body d. Feathers
  42. 42. Phylum: Chordata 6. Class: Aves The birds cont. e. Lay eggs on land f. Light weight skeleton g. Examples: Eagles, Seagulls, Turkeys
  43. 43. Phylum: Chordata 7. Class: Mammalia a. Warm blooded b. Hair c. Live birth (placentals) Placenta- nourishes baby while developing in mom
  44. 44. Phylum: Chordata 7. Class: Mammalia cont. d. Mammary glands - produce milk - nurse young e. Two pairs of limbs f. High functioning brain and sense organs
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×