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Descripción de la voz pasiva en inglés. Tarea 3 individual

Descripción de la voz pasiva en inglés. Tarea 3 individual

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    Passive voice Passive voice Presentation Transcript

    • The Passive Voice Carlos Miguel Guerrero Álvarez (2º Bachillerato IEDA)
    • The Passive Voice ● We have two voices:  Active Voice (The subject is who does the action it is indicated by the verb of the sentence) My brother bought me a car Subject Verb OI OD In this phrase the subject (my brother) is who bought the car (objet direct) to me (object indirect). Therefore, Passive Voice is used when we indicate who does the action of the sentence (the doer of the action).  Passive Voice (The subject isn't who does the action. We only want to indicate the action itself).Therefore it is used when the focus is on the action. I was bought a car by my brother Subject Verb (To be+ PastParticiple) OD Complement Agent In this phrase the subject (I) isn't who does the action. The action of the verb is done by the Complement Agent (by my brother). Therefore the subject is the receiver of the action.
    • The Passive Voice - How it is formed(I) (Swapping between Subject and Object) ● For changing from the Active Voice to Passive Voice we have to make: 1.- The subject of Active Voice becomes the object agent of the passive sentence. Moreover, the object of the active sentence (principally the object indirect although it can be the object direct or other object) becomes the subject of the passive. Active voice: My brother bought me a car Passive Voice: I were bought a car by my brother On the other hand, the complement agent can be omitted in passive voice because as we have seen, in this form it isn't important to say who does the action that it is indicated by the verb. Therefore by+complement is optional in passive voice. For that, I will put in red color the objects agent they will appear on the follow sentences for expressing they are optional. I were bought a car by my brother I were bought a car
    • The Passive Voice - How it is formed(II) (Use of the verbs) ● When rewriting from the Active Voice to Passive Voice we have to do the following: 2.- We must analize the tense of the main verb of the Active sentence. This tense will be used for the verb to be. Moreover, the verb used in the Active voice will always be transformed in the Past Participle in the Active Voice (be+Past Participle of the main verb of the active sentence) My brother bought me a car The verb of this active sentence is in Past Simple (bought). Therefore, when we rewriting the passive sentence we will have to put the verb to be inPast Simple: was /were 3.- But, Which of them must we put? Was or were?. So, we must also analize the person of the subject of the passive sentence. As we know, the OI (me) of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence (I). It is the first singular person that it will be the person of the verb to be (was) on passive. Therefore, the final verb of passive sentence will be: was bought. The final passive sentence is: I was bought a car by my brother
    • The Passive Voice - How it is formed(III) (How we can rewriting passive voice verbs in some active voice verbs tenses) ● We are going to study the relationships between some tenses Verbs in Passive and Active voices. Look at the following table: Tense of Active Voice Verb Active example Tense of Active Voice Verb Present Simple I paint my house Am/is/are + Past Passive example(1) My house is painted Participle of the main Verb Past Simple Present Perfect Future with will Future with be tense+ going to My fathers bought my sister a book Was/were+Past Participle of the main Verb My sister was bought a book by my fathers I have composed a beautiful song to my wife. Have/has+been+ The police will arrest the thief in their house tomorrow Will+be+Past Participle The thief will be arrested in their house by them I'm going to paint my sister's house Be tense+going to+be+ Past.Participle My sister's house is going to be painted by me Past Participle of the main Verb of the main Verb of the main Verb My wife has been composed a beautiful song by me
    • The Passive Voice - How it is formed(IV) (Modal Verbs) ● We can also use modal verbs on our Passive voice sentences. We are going to study the following modals: can,may and should, although there are a lot more. See the following table: Modal in Active voice Can+Infinitive verb May+ Infinitive verb Should+Infinitive verb Active voice example Modal in Passive voice The painter can paint your house tomorrow. Can+be+Past Participle of The teacher may put the students the final exams soon. May+be+Past Participle of The doctor should prescribe your mother the correct medicines. Should+be+Past the main Active verb the main Active verb Participle of the main Active verb Passive voice example Your house can be painted tomorrow by the painter The students may be put the final exams soon by the teacher. Your mother should be prescribed the correct medicines by the doctor
    • The Passive Voice - How it is formed(V) (Other uses) ● In American English is frequently used the verbo get instead the verb to be. In both forms they have the same meaning. Active: My brother bought me a car Pasive: I got bought a car by my brother (was) ● As we have seen the object indirect of the active sentence is used preferably as subject in the passive. Although we can use other objects as subjects (object direct, time complements, etc). Therefore, it means that we can write in several forms a passive sentence from an active sentence. Active: My brother bought me a car Pasive: I was bought a car by my brother (more used) A car was bought for me by my mother
    • The Passive Voice (Causative form) ● It is other form of sentence for expresing that the subject of a sentence isn't who does the action of the sentence. It's called causative form. Situation: The mechanic has fixed my mother's car Causative form: My mother has her car fixed (my mother hasn't fixed the car herself) ● The structure of a causative form is: Subjet + have tense+ complement +participle past ● As verb to be, have is transformed in causative form to the correct tense of the main verb of active sentence. Situation: The mechanic will fix my mother's car the next week Causative: My mother will have her car fixed the next week Situation: The mechanic is going to fix my mother's car Causative: My mother is going to have her car fixed
    • The Passive Voice (Need+Gerund) When in a situation, the subject has to do necessarily something, we can use the form need+gerund. In this sentences forms the subject isn't also who does the action of the verb on a sentence (they have a passive sense) Situation: My mother's cars needs to be repaired as soon as posible Need (as modal verb)+Gerund: My mother's cars needs rapairing as soon as posible ● ● As we have seen, he structure of a need+gerund form is: Subjet + need + Gerund of the main verb (bare form+ing) ● The verb need in this form ends in -s with the 3º singular person. Situation: My house must paint as soon as posible Need+Gerund: My house needs painting as soon as posible We can also use the verb need in passive voice with the same meaning using need+to be+Past Participle of the verb Need+Gerund: My dog needs vaccinating as soon as posible Need in Passive Voice: My dog needs to be vaccinated as soon as posible ●
    • End of presentation of Passive Voice That's all!