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Thesis

  1. 1. - : - - -"
  2. 2. "-
  3. 3. , , , " . . , , ,. . , , , .
  4. 4. - ................................................................................................... 1 .................................................................................................................... 2 .......................................................................................... 9 ............................................................................................................. 14 ........................................................................ - 21 ......................... ................................................................ 30 ............................................................. 38 ............................................................................................. 38 ............................ ................................ ................................ 38 ............................ ................................ ................................ 40 ................................. ................................ 41 ........................................................................................... 42 .............................. ................................................................ 42 ............................................................................................. 43 ....................................... : 46 .................................................................... : 50 ............ ................................................................ : 53 ............................................................................................... 56 ........................................................................................... 58 .................................................................... : 64 ...........................................................................................104 ......................................................................................................................129 ..................................... ................................ ................................132 .......................................... ................................ ................................i-iv .......................................... ................................ ................................
  5. 5. , . – , . , , , ., , .(Campbell, 2005a; Kong, 2001) -. .Campbell 2005b; ) . , .(Fernback, 2002Luckmann,1967 in ) " "- . ,(Krueger, 2004 , - - .. , : , , . .- - . - , . - , ,Fernback, 2002; Klassen, 2002; McIntosh, 2004; Pearson, 2002; Strmiska, ) .(2005
  6. 6. : - ? - •? - • : . . - - , , . , : .(2003) , ,(Campbell, 2005a) ., ., , , , : . , , - , . . - , . . - , , . . . - - - : . .1
  7. 7. .2 .3. ., , . , ..
  8. 8. 1 " " , . ". , . , . " , . – . ., , .(Campbell, 2005a) . ? ? ? , , , , - " : , , : , , .Wertheim, 1999: 21 ) ".edu - .net - ,.com .(as cited by Campbell, 2005a - , . .
  9. 9. 2Campbell ) , .(2005b , , , - . . , , - , . : , . ", , . . . ., , ."Pesce, 1994 as cited in Davis, 1998, p. ) .(229 - , . . - , . , . . , , . , . . - , : , , . . ,
  10. 10. 3Bell, Loader, Pleace & Schuler, ) .(2004; Burnett & Marshall, 2003 ,Computer Mediated Communication ) - (" " " , , , - - . - "- " ( ) " , . " , , .( , - ) . ) " , :Herring, 2002; Soukup, ) ,( , , , .(2000, : " , ".(Reduced Cues) " " , " , . - " , . , " " .( , ) " .(Herring, 2002; Soukup, 2000) . " " . , " - . , . , .( , ) – " , . " , " "
  11. 11. 4 . " .(Herring, 2002; Soukup, 2000) " . " . " . . " , " . . , , , - . , , " . . - " . . , . " , " - ,. - " " " . , . , , ,- - " . . " (Turkle, 1995)Burnett & Marshall, ) , .(2003; Castells, 2001; Herring, 2002; Soukup, 2000 " .
  12. 12. 5 . . , . , , , . ,Bell et al., 2004; ) .(Castells, 2001; Chadwick, 2006; Herring, 2002; Soukup, 2000 . , , ) ARPA ,ARPANET - ARPA .1969 (Advanced Research Projects Agency . " "- . " , . , ARPANET .Chadwick, ) , ARPANET- (2006 , . , .Bell et al., 2004; Castells, 2001; Chadwick, 2006; Ince, ) .(2001; Wood & Smith, 2001Packet ) " " ARPANET .(Switching . , " . . , " , : .
  13. 13. 6 , :Bell et al., 2004; Castells, 2001; Chadwick, ) .(2006; Wood & Smith, 2001 60- - . . 1972 ARPANET- - (Robert Kahn) 1972 . . (Vinton Cerf) ,: . ,.(TCP/IP : ) Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol-. .Bell ) .(et al., 2004; Chadwick, 2006 ARPANET .90- , . , . , :Bell et al., 2004; Castells, 2001; ) - .(Chadwick, 2006; Ince, 2001; Wood & Smith, 2001 90- .CERN – - , - , .World - 1990 .Wide Web . ,60- ,1969
  14. 14. 7Bell et al., 2004; Castells, 2001; Chadwick, 2006; Ince, ) 90- .(2001; Klopfenstein, 2002 " " ,IRC ,Usenet , - : " " FTP- , .(Klopfenstein, 2002) , . , , . .( ) ( , ) , , ) ( , ). .( , . , - , ( ) ,( , ) . . (visibility) , " " ., ." " " " . . . . . . ,Burnett & Marshall, 2003; ) , .(Chadwick, 2006
  15. 15. 8 . (cyber) ., , . , (cybernetics) . ,1984 . . . (Rheingold, 1993) . . . " " .Bell et al., 2004; Wood & ) .(Smith, 2001 , . " . , , . (Rheingold, 1993). , :, , . , . . , -
  16. 16. 9Castells, 2001; Herring, ) - - .(2002; Wood & Smith, 2001 . " ? , , " " . ,Jones, 1997 as cited by ) . (Wood & Smith, 2001 , : , , . . .(Bell, 2004; Herring, 2002) , " . . , .(Castells, 2001) . ? – ? ? ? ? , . .: , " " .
  17. 17. 10Aldridge, 2000; ) " " .(Christiano, Swatos & Kivisto , 2002; Hunt, 2002 , : .. , ,,19- " , ." – , , , , . , - . . . . . , :: . . - , , ,Aldridge, 2000; ) .(Christiano et al., 2002; Cipriani, 2000 (Tylor, 1903 as cited in Hunt, 2002) ., . " " . , - . , , ,Robertson, 1970 as cited in Hunt, ) , . - - (2002 .(Bowie, 2000; Hunt, 2002)
  18. 18. 11 (1864-1920) . . - . .., - : , , ,( )" " . , , - , . . .(Aldridge, 2000; Christiano et al., 2002; Cipriani, 2000) ,(1858-1917) , ., ,Durkheim, ) , .(1965 in Christiano et al., 2002 . - ,. , , . , . , . . , , ,. : - . - . . .
  19. 19. 12 . . , , , .(Aldridge, 2000; Christiano et al., 2002; Cipriani, 2000) . , . , (liminal) - . -. , .(Turner, 1969 as cited in Fernback, 2002) , . . . . (situational) , . , . , . ." "- , , , .(Aldridge, 2000; Christiano et al., 2002; Cipriani, 2000) . . . , , , , , , - . . . . , . ,, . - . ,
  20. 20. 13 – . . – . . .(Aldridge, 2000; York, 2003) ,? , – , - , . ,. ,, . -, , , .(Hunt, 2002) . . . . . , ," " . , . , . - .
  21. 21. 14 . . , , .(Fernback, 2002) - ,, - - . - . , , . , .(Kong, 2001) ? , (Giddens, 1992 as cited by Kruger, 2005a) .. . , . , , .(Kruger, 2005a; Larsson, 2005) , - . ,. – :, , ,. , , " . , ,, . , , , . , , , , , - ,
  22. 22. 15 - . , , : . –Campbell, 2005a; Dawson, 2005; Kong, ) .(2001; Lovheim, 2005; Larsson, 2005, . - . - : ? , ? ? ? - , - ? ? ? , .(Dawson, 2000; Kong, 2001; Kruger, 2005b; Larsson, 2005) (Campbell, 2005b), . . , . , , , , , .? " "- . .
  23. 23. 16 . " " . , . " ,Campbell, 2005a; Campbell 2005b; Cowan, 2005; Helland, 2002; )Helland, 2005; Kong, 2001; Krueger, 2004; Kruger, 2005a ; Kruger, 2005b; .(Larsson: 2005 - .(Cowan, 2005; Helland, 2005) . - –, , . , ? – .. , . ." " ,Campbell, 2005b; Lovheim, 2005; OLeary, ) , . - . (1996- . . , .. (Helland, 2005) . - , . .
  24. 24. 17 . - , , , , . , - , , , " " . (Kong, 2001; Lovheim, 2005) . – (religion online) " " 1999 " "– .(online religion) " " . . ?. . , -, - . . , . , . " " , . .Helland, 2002; ) .(Helland, 2005 .(Campbell, 2005a) . , , . ,
  25. 25. 18 . , , , - , . , : – – , . , , ., . , . . , .(Campbell, 2005a) . – – . " " , " " , . ." " . - .(Campbell, 2005a) – – . . , . " " , . , , - - , , , . - - , .(Campbell, 2005a)
  26. 26. 19 – – . .(Campbell, 2005a) . - - – , , , . , . - . , . . , , .(Campbell, 2005a) . , . . , , ) . ,( . - . , . , . , . . , . , ,.
  27. 27. 20Campbell, ) .(2005b“spiritualizing the ) " " . .(internet” " . , " . . - " " , . " " .(Campbell, 2005b) , . . – . . , . " " . .(Campbell, 2005b) (Zimmerman-Umble, 1992 as cited by Campbell, 2005b) - - ., ., . , , . " " .
  28. 28. 21 . - ,Livio & Teneboim, 2004; Barzilai & Barzilai-Nahon, 2005 as ) .(cited by Campell, 2005b , ,Campbell, 2005a; Campbell 2005b; Krueger, 2004; Kruger, ) .(2005a ; Kruger, 2005b; Larsson, 2005 . - , . . : , , . / , , , . , - , .Fernback, 2002; McIntosh, 2004; Pearson, 2002; ) .(Strmiska, 2005 (Pagan) " " . : "Paganus" . , - . .. ,
  29. 29. 22 .;Strmiska, 2005) " " ." " " " , .(Chryssides, 1999.(Militia christi) " " " " ."Pagani" " " -" " .(Pearson, 2002; Strmiska, 2005) 18- , ,19- . , . , . " , . (Starhawk, 1979) " . .(McIntosh, 2004 ; Strmiska, 2005) " - " .(Neo) " " ,(Paganism) " " , . , " - " . .- - , , , . " " , ,
  30. 30. 23 : " "19- , " " , , . ( ,heathen) " "- " " .(Pearson, 2002; Strmiska, 2005 ) " " ," - " . - . , . . - . , .(Strmiska, 2005) , : . . , , : ,( 30) ,( ) ,( 31) - . –( ) , .(equinoxes) (solstices) . , ., - " " .Fernback, 2002; ) .(Pearson, 2002
  31. 31. 24 , : – (Witchcraft Religions) . . – (Reconstructionist) .: . - –Asatru) ,(Celtic Recon) ,(Druidism) (Religio Romana) , - ,( ) ,( - ) . ,( – . Wren, 2005, "Intro: ;2003 , ," : ") .(Pagans, Heathens and Recons"; York, 2004 . , , : , . - – , .. – , , - . , - , , . - , . . .Strmiska, ) , " , . ,(2005
  32. 32. 25 - . ,(The Craft ) " " " " (1884-1964) . . 50- , . , . , , ,(Rosicrucian) . . , . . .Chryssides, 1999; Klassen, ) , .(2002; Krueger, 2004; McIntosh, 2004; York, 2004 ,(1926-1988) . . , " . - " . (visibility)(Starhawk, 1979) ,( ) . - 1971 " .(Klassen, 2002; Krueger, 2004; McIntosh, 2004),( ) , , ,NROOGD ,( ) , , .(Chryssides, 1999; York, 2004) (Goffman, 1967 in Krueger, 2004) .
  33. 33. 26 . . ,(Covens) 12 . ) . ( . , . , , ( )Krueger, 2004; McIntosh, 2004; Pearson, 2002; ) (Sabbats) .(York, 2004 . , , " " "- . . . ,Chryssides, ) .(1999 . " .." " " . , . , " .(Berger & Ezzy, 2004; Krueger, 2004) . " " " ," " -" "- " " , ," - , , .(Klassen, 2002; Krueger, 2004; Schutten, 2006)
  34. 34. 27 . . ., , ,. , , :. - , , , . -" , , . . . . . :( , ) ,( , ) , .( , , ) ."Grooves" "Chryssides,1999; McIntosh, 2004; Pearson, 2002; ) .(Wren, 2005, "Intro: Pagans, Heathens and Recons" - - . - . , . . . . .(York, 2004)
  35. 35. 28 - . , , , , ,, , . ., ., .,York, ) .(2004 .(Ásatrú) " " .- ."Heathen" ," " . Heathen , . -McIntosh, 2004; Strmiska, 2005; Wren, 2005, "Intro: Pagans, Heathens and ) .(Recons"" " , , New Religious Movements) " " (New Age) - .(NRMs . , . , . , ", . ,60- 50- ( ) . " , :, " " , .
  36. 36. 29 . .(Chryssides, 1999; Pearson, 2002; York, 2004) , . , , . , - , . , . , - . ,, " "- .(Chryssides, 1999; Pearson, 2002; York, 2004) ,, - " " . . , . , , , , , . ,(1865-1923) , , " " :(cult) ,(sect) " ",, - " " . . . , , , " " , . ." "
  37. 37. 30 :.(Daschke & Ashcraft, 2005 ;2007 , )Wallis, ) , - :(2007 , 1976 , , - . , , . ,(" " ) . , , , - , - , ,(Branch Davidians) . , Aum Shinrikyo ,(Heavens Gate), , , . .Daschke & ) . (Ashcraft, 2005 - . , ., , . (Luckmann,1967 in Krueger, 2004) . "- , - ." ,
  38. 38. 31 , , .(Krueger, 2004) , 90 - " "- . - .(Krueger, 2004)– – . , ( , ) .Krueger, ) , , , , .(2004 . , . - .- . .(McIntosh, 2004) , . , - , . , - . . - . " "
  39. 39. 32 - , . , . , , . ." " - - - . .(Fernback, 2002; Klassen, 2002) - . - , – .,(sabbats) " " , , . , , : .(Klassen, 2002) - (Fernback, 2002; Klassen, 2002) - . . , . . - - , . (Fernback, 2002; Klassen, 2002) , - . . ,- .(Technopagans) - (Zippies) - , , . .
  40. 40. 33 - . , – – .- . (Krueger, 2004, Kruger, 2005a) . ,-- . ,– . . , . , ( ) .– . ,- , , – , . .(Krueger, 2004, Kruger, 2005a) . , , , , . , . , ,, . .(Krueger, 2004, Kruger, 2005a)
  41. 41. 34- . . , ,, " , -Krueger, 2004, ) - 15 .(Kruger, 2005a (Fernback, 2002) , - , . - - ., , . . , - . - . . -" " - . , -. . . , : , - - , , .(Fernback, 2002) ,
  42. 42. 35 (chat) . : . " " , . , .(Fernback, 2002) (Klassen, 2002) , Cybercoven - . . , . 23 Cybercoven- . .. , . Cybercoven -: . ,61 - 16 . , , " , - , .- , . , . , -., , .(Klassen, 2002) ,Cybercoven - : , , , , - , , , , , ,
  43. 43. 36- Cybercoven - . , , , . - " " , , , . - , , : ? . ,Cybercoven, . . ,, . , . , , .. - , , . ? - . ." " ,- , .- , . , , . . . , , Cybercoven

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