HALLOWEEN

Kristýna Matušková
All Hallows' Eve
st

31 October
● Day before All Hallows' Day (All Saint's Day)
● ''hallowed'' = holy, sanctified
●
History
●

7th century – Pantheon in Rome consecrated
–

●

●

st

13th May – All Saint's Day
th

1 November (8 century) –...
Hallowe'en and Samhain
●

Samhain (/ˈsaʊ.wɛn/, /ˈsaʊ.wɪn/) – Celtic festival

●

Gaelic word – 'end of the summer'

●

Smo...
Halloween in America
●

●

●

●

More common in southern colonies (N =
protestants)
'play parties', public events to celeb...
Traditions
●

Bonfires

●

Masks and costumes

●

Trick-or-treating
Trick or Treat
●

'A Beggers Night'

●

1920s – young throwing parties

●

WWII – toned down (sugar rationing & mood)

●

...
Jack-o'-lantern
(Jack O'Lantern)

●

=carved pumpkin

●

Term & practice of carving out of NA

●

●
●

●

Jack – a lazy fa...
Costumes
●

Little documentation on costuming before 20th
century

●

1930s - in stores

●

To immitate supernatural and s...
Superstitions
●

Mystery, magic, superstition

●

Feeling close to deceased

●

dinner table, leaving treats, lighting up ...
Superstitions
●

Identifying future husbands
–

A ring burried in mashed potatoes – true love to
finder

–

Burning hazeln...
Sources
●

www.halloweenhistory.org

●

www.history.com

●

Oxford Dictionaries

●

Google.com

●

The Worst Halloween cos...
Thank you for attention
spoken fluency 2
spoken fluency 2
spoken fluency 2
spoken fluency 2
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spoken fluency 2

  1. 1. HALLOWEEN Kristýna Matušková
  2. 2. All Hallows' Eve st 31 October ● Day before All Hallows' Day (All Saint's Day) ● ''hallowed'' = holy, sanctified ●
  3. 3. History ● 7th century – Pantheon in Rome consecrated – ● ● st 13th May – All Saint's Day th 1 November (8 century) – for western church First Sunday after Passover – the Orthodox church
  4. 4. Hallowe'en and Samhain ● Samhain (/ˈsaʊ.wɛn/, /ˈsaʊ.wɪn/) – Celtic festival ● Gaelic word – 'end of the summer' ● Smoothing the conversion process ● ● ● E. Britannica – 'in an effort to supplant the Pagan holiday with a Christian observance' Oxford D. - 'absorbed and adopted the Celtic new year festival, the eve and day of Samhain' Theory – independent of Samhain
  5. 5. Halloween in America ● ● ● ● More common in southern colonies (N = protestants) 'play parties', public events to celebrate the harvest, sharing stories of the dead, telling fortunes, dancing, singing th Middle of 19 century – annual festivities, but not Halloween nd th 2 half of 19 century – immigrants (Ireland, Scotland, England)
  6. 6. Traditions ● Bonfires ● Masks and costumes ● Trick-or-treating
  7. 7. Trick or Treat ● 'A Beggers Night' ● 1920s – young throwing parties ● WWII – toned down (sugar rationing & mood) ● After WWII – bulding houses, suburbs – popular ● ● 1950s & 60s – baby boom – important family activity Since 1990s – mostly indoors (busy parents & children's safety) ● Malls events
  8. 8. Jack-o'-lantern (Jack O'Lantern) ● =carved pumpkin ● Term & practice of carving out of NA ● ● ● ● Jack – a lazy farmer who uses a cross to trap/ trick the Devil Apple tree – crosses – couldn't get down Both agree on not taking Jack's soul – heaven/hell – pumpkin The Devil as a coin
  9. 9. Costumes ● Little documentation on costuming before 20th century ● 1930s - in stores ● To immitate supernatural and scary beings ● Vampires, ghosts, skeletons, witches, devils, … ● Pop culture figures – presidents, film, tv and cartoon characters
  10. 10. Superstitions ● Mystery, magic, superstition ● Feeling close to deceased ● dinner table, leaving treats, lighting up candles, … ● Black cats – witch ● Ladders ● Breaking mirrors ● Stepping on cracs in the road
  11. 11. Superstitions ● Identifying future husbands – A ring burried in mashed potatoes – true love to finder – Burning hazelnuts – Concoction of walnuts, hazelnuts and nutmeg – dream – Dark room, mirrors, candle
  12. 12. Sources ● www.halloweenhistory.org ● www.history.com ● Oxford Dictionaries ● Google.com ● The Worst Halloween costumes ever
  13. 13. Thank you for attention

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