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Transcript

  • 1. HALLOWEEN
  • 2. All Hallows' Eve st 31 October ● Day before All Hallows' Day (All Saint's Day) ● ''hallowed'' = holy, sanctified ●
  • 3. History ● 7th century – Pantheon in Rome consecrated – ● ● st 13th May – All Saint's Day th 1 November (8 century) – for western church First Sunday after Passover – the Orthodox church
  • 4. ● Hallowe'en and Samhain festival Samhain – Celtic (/ˈsaʊ.wɛn/, /ˈsaʊ.wɪn/) ● Gaelic word – 'end of the summer' ● Smoothing the conversion process ● ● ● E. Britannica – 'in an effort to supplant the Pagan holiday with a Christian observance' Oxford D. - 'absorbed and adopted the Celtic new year festival, the eve and day of Samhain' Theory – indipendent of Samhain
  • 5. Halloween in America ● ● ● ● More common in southern colonies (N = protestants) 'play parties', public events to celebrate the harvest, sharing stories of the dead, telling fortunes, dancing, singing th Middle of 19 century – annual festivities, but not Halloween nd th 2 half of 19 century – immigrants (Ireland, Scotland, England)
  • 6. Traditions ● Bonfires ● Masks and costumes ● Trick-or-treating
  • 7. Trick or Treat ● 'A Beggers Night' ● 1920s – young throwing parties ● WWII – toned down (sugar rationing & mood) ● ● ● After WWII – bulding houses, suburbs – popular 1950s & 60s – baby boom – important family activity Since 1990s – mostl indoors (busy parents & children's safety) ● Malls events
  • 8. Jack-o'-lantern (Jack O'Lantern) ● =carved pumpkin ● Term & practice of carving out of NA ● ● ● ● Jack – a lazy farmer who uses a cross to trap/ trick the Devil Apple tree – crosses – couldn't get down Both agree on not taking Jack's soul – heaven/hell – pumpkin The Devil as a coin
  • 9. Costumes ● Little documentation on costuming before 20 th century ● 1930s - in stores ● To immitate supernatural and scary beings ● Vampires, ghosts, skeletons, witches, devils, … ● Pop culture figures – presidents, film, tv and cartoon characters
  • 10. Superstitions ● Mystery, magic, superstition ● Feeling close to deceased ● dinner table, leaving treats, lighting up candles, … ● Black cats – witch ● Ladders ● Breaking mirrors ● Stepping on cracs in the road
  • 11. Superstitions ● Identifying future husbands – A ring burried in mashed potatoes – true love to finder – Burning hazelnuts – Concoction of walnuts, hazelnuts and nutmeg – dream – Dark room, mirrors, candle
  • 12. Sources ● www.halloweenhistory.org ● www.history.com ● Oxford Dictionaries ● Google.com ● The Worst Halloween costumes ever
  • 13. Thank you for attention