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The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
The roman republic   web
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The roman republic web

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  • 1. The Roman Republic
    The Growth and Expansion
  • 2. Key Topic: The Roman Republic
    Main Idea # 1 : How the original Republic was formed
    Main Idea # 2 : Rome’s republic was shaped by a struggle between wealthy nobles and regular citizens.
    Main Idea # 3 : How the Roman Republic works
  • 3. Main Idea # 1
    How the original Republic was formed
  • 4. 1. Who ruled Rome before the Romans?
    The Etruscans (Tarquins) .
    2. What type of rulers were the Etruscans?
    CRUEL
    3. Romans rebel in 509 B.C.E.
    4. Create a Republic
    5. Republic = form of government where citizens have the power.
    Main Idea # 1
  • 5. Okay so now I’m confused…..
    What is the difference between a Republic and a Democracy?
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vPwnFt_m-RE
    A Democracy is where all the people have a say and have no one to report to.
    A Republic is a democracy, but each person is responsible to someone else, they can’t just do whatever they want
  • 6. Main Idea # 1
    Make a timeline with these events
    509 B.C.E. Rome = small city.
    Slowly expands.
    338 B.C.E. defeat the other Latins
    284 B.C.E. defeat Etruscans
    267 B.C.E. defeat the Greeks
    The Republic is growing!
  • 7.
  • 8. Main Idea # 1
    1. How did the Romans take over Italy?
    By force
    2. How did they keep those people they conquered under their control
    Made them citizens able to take part in the government OR
    Made them allies with their own government, but they had to pay taxes and supply an army to Rome
  • 9. Main Idea # 2
    Rome’s republic was shaped by a struggle between wealthy nobles and regular citizens.
    Patricians
    VS
    Plebeians
  • 10. Main Idea # 2
    Patricians
    Plebeians
    Slaves
  • 11. Main Idea # 2
    Patricians
    Wealthy land owners
    Nobles that made up the ruling class
    Citizens (male)– could vote, had to pay taxes and serve in the army
    Could not marry a Plebian
    Could serve in government
    Plebeians
    Majority of the population
    Artisans, shopkeepers, small farm owners
    Citizens (male)– could vote, pay taxes, serve in army
    Could not marry a Patrician
    Could not serve in government
  • 12. Main Idea # 3
    How the Roman Republic works
  • 13. Main Idea # 3
    Consuls
    Senate
    Praetors
    Tribunes
  • 14. Main Idea # 3Consuls
    Top government official
    Two chosen every year
    Headed the army and ran the government
    Served short term….avoided risk of abusing power
    Veto
    • The right of the consul to reject the other’s decision. Latin for “I forbid”
  • Main Idea # 3Senate
    300 men
    Chosen for life
    Advise Consul
    Deal with other countries
    Proposes laws
    Approve public works
    Deal with daily government problems
  • 15. Main Idea # 3Praetors
    Government officials
    Interpreted law and judged court cases
    Kept tax records
    Handled public finances
    Supervised public festivals
  • 16. Main Idea # 3Tribunes
    Elected by all citizens (Plebians have a large majority so they really elect the official)
    Bring Plebian concerns to the government
    Right to veto actions taken by the government
    First steps towards democracy in Rome!
  • 17. Main Idea # 3Keeping it Fair!
    How do you know what a law says? How do you know how someone should be punished if they do something wrong? Draco of Greece was the first person to do this!
    Write the laws down so the patricians couldn’t be unfair to the plebians!!!!
  • 18. Main Idea # 3Keeping it Fair!
    451 BCE The Twelve Tablets were made on bronze tablets
    Where would you put them in Rome so everyone (both rich and poor) could see them?
    3. The forum (marketplace)
  • 19. Main Idea # 3Keeping it Fair!
    Finish these sentences….
    Innocent until______________________.
    You have the right to _____________ in court.
    Laws of Nations – laws to settle disputes between all people
    Do we still use this today???
  • 20. Main Idea # 3Keeping it Fair!
    Is it fair to punish one person for stealing but not another person? Why or why not?
    Rule of Law – the idea that all laws should apply to every person equally and all people should be treated the same by the legal system
    We base all our laws today off of this idea made by the Romans!

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