The Persian Empire


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Persian Wars

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The Persian Empire

  1. 1. The Persian Empire An Outside Invader Threatens the Greek Mainland….
  2. 2. I. Main Ideas <ul><li>A. The Persian Empire united a wide area under a single government. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Both Sparta & Athens played roles in defeating the Persians. </li></ul>
  3. 3. I. The Persian Empire <ul><li>A. Persia = southwestern Iran today. </li></ul>
  4. 5. I. The Persian Empire <ul><li>B. Cyrus the Great unites the Persians in 559 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Take Over </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Northern Mesopotamia & Babylon </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phoenician Cities </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 6. II. The Persian Army <ul><li>A. Darius comes to power in 521 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Creates a professional army! </li></ul>
  6. 7. III. The Persian Wars <ul><li>A. By 500 B.C.E. the Persians controlled Greek colonies in Asia Minor (Turkey). – Greeks want independence!! </li></ul><ul><li>B. GREEDY!!!!! GIVE ME, GIVE ME!!! The Persians want more!!!!!!!!!!!!!! </li></ul>VS.
  7. 9. Darius’s Infantry (Persians)….                                                            
  8. 10. Greek Hoplites Hoplite Definition: Ordinary citizens of Greece that were foot soldiers                                                        
  9. 11. What is a storyboard? <ul><li>Why is a Storyboard Necessary? </li></ul><ul><li>When sequenced, the storyboard diagrams should act as a guide for the production and post production stages of producing a video. Without a well defined storyboard collection, the director's job becomes unmanageable. </li></ul><ul><li>What is a Storyboard? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A series of diagrams that are used in video production to depict the composition of a video segment. A storyboard provides details about the audio and visual elements that will make up a video product. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. IV. The Battle of Marathon <ul><li>A. 490 B.C.E </li></ul><ul><li>B. Persians land on the plain at Marathon. </li></ul>
  11. 14. IV. The Battle of Marathon <ul><li>C. Plan to attack Athens and wait for Athenians to show up. </li></ul><ul><li>D. Athenians outnumbered 2 to 1 so they do not show up! </li></ul><ul><li>E. What Happens next? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Load up the ships, time to go directly to Athens!” says the Persian Captain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persian load up their boats and get ready to sail for Athens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Athenians attack them while most of the men are on the boats! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>F. Greek Victory!!!!!!!!!! </li></ul>
  12. 15. V. Another Persian Strike <ul><li>A. Darius dies 486 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>B. His son Xerxes takes over. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Xerxes wants revenge!!! </li></ul><ul><li>D. Invades Greece with 180,000 soldiers. </li></ul>
  13. 16. VI. City-States Unite! <ul><li>A. Greek city states knew the Persian threat was real. </li></ul><ul><li>B. SO THEY UNITE TO FIGHT! </li></ul><ul><li>C. Sparta sends foot soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>D. Athens provides the navy </li></ul><ul><li>E. Together they develop a strategy to defeat the mighty Persians! </li></ul>
  14. 17. VII. Thermopylae <ul><li>A. A narrow pass through the mountains in Northern Greece. </li></ul>
  15. 21. VII. Thermopylae <ul><li>B. 7,000 Greeks Vs. 200,000 Persians! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How do you like those odds? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>C. “We will fight in the shade!” </li></ul>
  16. 23. VII. Thermopylae <ul><li>D. King Leonidas of Sparta sends most of his troops to safety </li></ul><ul><li>E. Leaves 300 behind to fight to the death. </li></ul><ul><li>F. The Greeks will lose but take 30,000 troops with them when they are killed three days later. </li></ul>
  17. 24. How will the Persian Army get their supplies? So what do the Greeks have to do??
  18. 25. VIII. Battle of Salamis <ul><li>A. Located close to what Greek city-state? </li></ul>
  19. 26. VIII. Battle of Salamis <ul><li>B. Salamis is a strait. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Define?? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>C. Thermopylae gave Athens enough time to assemble their navy </li></ul><ul><li>C. Hundreds of ships clash </li></ul><ul><li>D. David (little Greek ships) Vs. Goliath (large Persian ships) </li></ul><ul><li>E. The Persian Fleet is CRUSHED by the small Greek ships because the Persians could not move with their big ships! </li></ul>
  20. 29. IX. Burn Athens Burn! <ul><li>A. Persian Army marches on to Athens after winning at Thermopylae. </li></ul><ul><li>B. When they get there they find an abandoned city and burn it down! </li></ul>
  21. 30. X. 479 B.C.E. <ul><li>A. THE GREEK CITY-STATES UNITE AND CREATE THE LARGEST ARMY THEY HAVE EVER HAD! </li></ul><ul><li>B. Attack Persians at Plataea and defeat their army </li></ul><ul><li>C. Persians retreat from Asia Minor </li></ul><ul><li>D. By working together, the Greeks saved their homeland from invasion </li></ul>