The Persian Empire
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The Persian Empire

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Persian Wars

Persian Wars

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    The Persian Empire The Persian Empire Presentation Transcript

    • The Persian Empire An Outside Invader Threatens the Greek Mainland….
    • I. Main Ideas
      • A. The Persian Empire united a wide area under a single government.
      • B. Both Sparta & Athens played roles in defeating the Persians.
    • I. The Persian Empire
      • A. Persia = southwestern Iran today.
    •  
    • I. The Persian Empire
      • B. Cyrus the Great unites the Persians in 559 B.C.E.
      • C. Take Over
          • Northern Mesopotamia & Babylon
          • Phoenician Cities
    • II. The Persian Army
      • A. Darius comes to power in 521 B.C.E.
      • B. Creates a professional army!
    • III. The Persian Wars
      • A. By 500 B.C.E. the Persians controlled Greek colonies in Asia Minor (Turkey). – Greeks want independence!!
      • B. GREEDY!!!!! GIVE ME, GIVE ME!!! The Persians want more!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
      VS.
    •  
    • Darius’s Infantry (Persians)….                                                            
    • Greek Hoplites Hoplite Definition: Ordinary citizens of Greece that were foot soldiers                                                        
    • What is a storyboard?
      • Why is a Storyboard Necessary?
      • When sequenced, the storyboard diagrams should act as a guide for the production and post production stages of producing a video. Without a well defined storyboard collection, the director's job becomes unmanageable.
      • What is a Storyboard?
        • A series of diagrams that are used in video production to depict the composition of a video segment. A storyboard provides details about the audio and visual elements that will make up a video product.
        •  
    • IV. The Battle of Marathon
      • A. 490 B.C.E
      • B. Persians land on the plain at Marathon.
    •  
    • IV. The Battle of Marathon
      • C. Plan to attack Athens and wait for Athenians to show up.
      • D. Athenians outnumbered 2 to 1 so they do not show up!
      • E. What Happens next?
        • “ Load up the ships, time to go directly to Athens!” says the Persian Captain
        • Persian load up their boats and get ready to sail for Athens
        • Athenians attack them while most of the men are on the boats!
      • F. Greek Victory!!!!!!!!!!
    • V. Another Persian Strike
      • A. Darius dies 486 B.C.E.
      • B. His son Xerxes takes over.
      • C. Xerxes wants revenge!!!
      • D. Invades Greece with 180,000 soldiers.
    • VI. City-States Unite!
      • A. Greek city states knew the Persian threat was real.
      • B. SO THEY UNITE TO FIGHT!
      • C. Sparta sends foot soldiers
      • D. Athens provides the navy
      • E. Together they develop a strategy to defeat the mighty Persians!
    • VII. Thermopylae
      • A. A narrow pass through the mountains in Northern Greece.
    •  
    •  
    •  
    • VII. Thermopylae
      • B. 7,000 Greeks Vs. 200,000 Persians!
        • How do you like those odds?
      • C. “We will fight in the shade!”
    •  
    • VII. Thermopylae
      • D. King Leonidas of Sparta sends most of his troops to safety
      • E. Leaves 300 behind to fight to the death.
      • F. The Greeks will lose but take 30,000 troops with them when they are killed three days later.
    • How will the Persian Army get their supplies? So what do the Greeks have to do??
    • VIII. Battle of Salamis
      • A. Located close to what Greek city-state?
    • VIII. Battle of Salamis
      • B. Salamis is a strait.
        • Define??
      • C. Thermopylae gave Athens enough time to assemble their navy
      • C. Hundreds of ships clash
      • D. David (little Greek ships) Vs. Goliath (large Persian ships)
      • E. The Persian Fleet is CRUSHED by the small Greek ships because the Persians could not move with their big ships!
    •  
    •  
    • IX. Burn Athens Burn!
      • A. Persian Army marches on to Athens after winning at Thermopylae.
      • B. When they get there they find an abandoned city and burn it down!
    • X. 479 B.C.E.
      • A. THE GREEK CITY-STATES UNITE AND CREATE THE LARGEST ARMY THEY HAVE EVER HAD!
      • B. Attack Persians at Plataea and defeat their army
      • C. Persians retreat from Asia Minor
      • D. By working together, the Greeks saved their homeland from invasion