The Persian Empire
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The Persian Empire

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Persian Wars

Persian Wars

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The Persian Empire Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Persian Empire An Outside Invader Threatens the Greek Mainland….
  • 2. I. Main Ideas
    • A. The Persian Empire united a wide area under a single government.
    • B. Both Sparta & Athens played roles in defeating the Persians.
  • 3. I. The Persian Empire
    • A. Persia = southwestern Iran today.
  • 4.  
  • 5. I. The Persian Empire
    • B. Cyrus the Great unites the Persians in 559 B.C.E.
    • C. Take Over
        • Northern Mesopotamia & Babylon
        • Phoenician Cities
  • 6. II. The Persian Army
    • A. Darius comes to power in 521 B.C.E.
    • B. Creates a professional army!
  • 7. III. The Persian Wars
    • A. By 500 B.C.E. the Persians controlled Greek colonies in Asia Minor (Turkey). – Greeks want independence!!
    • B. GREEDY!!!!! GIVE ME, GIVE ME!!! The Persians want more!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    VS.
  • 8.  
  • 9. Darius’s Infantry (Persians)….                                                            
  • 10. Greek Hoplites Hoplite Definition: Ordinary citizens of Greece that were foot soldiers                                                        
  • 11. What is a storyboard?
    • Why is a Storyboard Necessary?
    • When sequenced, the storyboard diagrams should act as a guide for the production and post production stages of producing a video. Without a well defined storyboard collection, the director's job becomes unmanageable.
    • What is a Storyboard?
      • A series of diagrams that are used in video production to depict the composition of a video segment. A storyboard provides details about the audio and visual elements that will make up a video product.
      •  
  • 12. IV. The Battle of Marathon
    • A. 490 B.C.E
    • B. Persians land on the plain at Marathon.
  • 13.  
  • 14. IV. The Battle of Marathon
    • C. Plan to attack Athens and wait for Athenians to show up.
    • D. Athenians outnumbered 2 to 1 so they do not show up!
    • E. What Happens next?
      • “ Load up the ships, time to go directly to Athens!” says the Persian Captain
      • Persian load up their boats and get ready to sail for Athens
      • Athenians attack them while most of the men are on the boats!
    • F. Greek Victory!!!!!!!!!!
  • 15. V. Another Persian Strike
    • A. Darius dies 486 B.C.E.
    • B. His son Xerxes takes over.
    • C. Xerxes wants revenge!!!
    • D. Invades Greece with 180,000 soldiers.
  • 16. VI. City-States Unite!
    • A. Greek city states knew the Persian threat was real.
    • B. SO THEY UNITE TO FIGHT!
    • C. Sparta sends foot soldiers
    • D. Athens provides the navy
    • E. Together they develop a strategy to defeat the mighty Persians!
  • 17. VII. Thermopylae
    • A. A narrow pass through the mountains in Northern Greece.
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21. VII. Thermopylae
    • B. 7,000 Greeks Vs. 200,000 Persians!
      • How do you like those odds?
    • C. “We will fight in the shade!”
  • 22.  
  • 23. VII. Thermopylae
    • D. King Leonidas of Sparta sends most of his troops to safety
    • E. Leaves 300 behind to fight to the death.
    • F. The Greeks will lose but take 30,000 troops with them when they are killed three days later.
  • 24. How will the Persian Army get their supplies? So what do the Greeks have to do??
  • 25. VIII. Battle of Salamis
    • A. Located close to what Greek city-state?
  • 26. VIII. Battle of Salamis
    • B. Salamis is a strait.
      • Define??
    • C. Thermopylae gave Athens enough time to assemble their navy
    • C. Hundreds of ships clash
    • D. David (little Greek ships) Vs. Goliath (large Persian ships)
    • E. The Persian Fleet is CRUSHED by the small Greek ships because the Persians could not move with their big ships!
  • 27.  
  • 28.  
  • 29. IX. Burn Athens Burn!
    • A. Persian Army marches on to Athens after winning at Thermopylae.
    • B. When they get there they find an abandoned city and burn it down!
  • 30. X. 479 B.C.E.
    • A. THE GREEK CITY-STATES UNITE AND CREATE THE LARGEST ARMY THEY HAVE EVER HAD!
    • B. Attack Persians at Plataea and defeat their army
    • C. Persians retreat from Asia Minor
    • D. By working together, the Greeks saved their homeland from invasion