The Mycenaeans For Web
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The Mycenaeans For Web

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The Mycenaeans For Web The Mycenaeans For Web Presentation Transcript

  • The Mycenaeans And the First Greek Kingdoms 37° 43′ 51″ N, 22° 45′ 22″ E
  • I. Hello Mycenaeans!
    • A. Originally from Central Asia (Russia).
    • B. Invade Greek mainland around 2000 B.C.E.
    • C. Conquer the majority of the Peloponnesian Peninsula.
  • Can you find Mycenae? In the Grasslands
  • How do we know about the Mycenaeans? Dear Heinrich Schliemann , Thank you for discovering the walled palace of Mycenae and for your lovely Mycenaean artifacts. Sincerely, Miss Rice
  • II. Daily Life in Mycenae
    • A. Palaces built on a hilltops with huge walls to protect them
    • B. In times of danger all citizens of Mycenae lived within the city walls.
  • This is where the palace of Mycenae once stood.
  • II. Daily Life in Mycenae
    • The Megaron = entertainment & council meetings (Powerful Kings)
  • Archaeological remains of Mycenae.
  • II. Daily Life in Mycenae
    • A. The powerful kings gave land (Estates) to those who deserved it.
    • The land was worked by slaves or tenants
  • II. Daily Life in Mycenae
    • C. Most people were farmers or artisans.
    • D. Hunting!
    • E. Artisans –
      • 1. Leather workers
      • 2. Metal workers (swords!)
      • 3. Pottery
        • A. stored wine
        • B. olive oil
  • III. Economy & Trade
    • A. By 1800 B.C.E. Mycenaeans begin to trade with Minoans.
    • B. Copied Minoan design for ships and culture!
    • C. Learn to navigate using the sun and stars.
  • III. Economy & Trade
    • D. Trade with Egypt & Parts of Southern Italy.
    • E. By 1400 B.C.E. control the Mediterranean Sea!
    • F. Why?
    • Overthrow the Minoans
  • IV. Warriors at Heart
    • A. Had strong weapons.
    • B. Fierce Warriors!
    • C. Once they gain control of Med. Sea begin to conquer other lands.
  • Mycenaean soldiers, ready for battle!
  •  
  •  
  • Late Mycenaean helmets 1300-1100 B.C. Based on pottery, fresco, sculptures representation and partial findings.
  • Warriors from Mycenae (1200 B.C.) oil painting based on mycenaean pottery (artist Andrea Salimbeti).
  • V. The Trojan War
    • A. Middle 1200’s B.C.E.
  • V. The Trojan War
    • B. Troy – A trade center in Asia Minor.
    Troy
  • The Trojan War
    • In Reading…..
    • In Film…………
  •  
  • Questions from the Reading
    • Who was the poet that wrote the Iliad about the epic Trojan War?
    • The whole Trojan War started when who brought what present to the marriage of Thetis, the sea nymph? What happened?
    • Who has to choice “the fairest” of all the goddess? Who was chosen?
    • What did she give to the person who picked her as “the fairest?”
    • What was the problem with this prize?
    • Who is Menelaus?
  • Questions from the Reading
    • Who is Agamemon & what did he do to please the gods?
    • How many years did the seige last on Troy?
    • How did the Greeks get inside the city?
    • Why did they build that particular figure?
    • Who is Clytemnestra & what did she do to avenge her daughter? What was her ultimate fate?
    • What are the questions that plague historians that deal with the Trojan War and the city of Troy? State your beliefs after reading the section “What’s the Truth?”
  • VI. Mycenae Falls
    • A. Trojan war = victory???
    • B. Civil Wars break out at home, while military is in Troy.
    • C. Civil War – wars between opposing citizens in one civilization.
    • D. By 1100 B.C.E. Mycenaean civilization collapsed.