Greeks weaken the Persian Empire and the Persians flee across the sea, but they keep their area in Asia Minor and the Greek city-state involved!
Is the War over??
Athens wants to follow the Persians and take back all of Greece
Sparta wants to just keep what Greece has & they are afraid of Athen’s new found power!!!
All Walled up and No Where to Go!!!
Sparta demands no polis on the Balkan Peninsula builds a wall – easy for the Persians to invade and keep.
Athens refuses & gets the support of other city-states since they have the powerful navy Greece needs
The Delian League
Persia is still a threat!!!!!
150 city-states meet (all but Sparta)
Bind themselves to Athens
Follow their leadership
Pay money and military items
In return Athens gives them
Continuing protection from Persia
Athens took total control
Controlled the money and made everyone pay them
What was it originally used for??
Started to use the money improving Athens not fighting Persia
THE ATHENIAN EMPIRE
Military General became the leader of Athens
AKA – the “first citizen”
The Golden Age of Athens
All city states & people will:
Use Athenian $
Have a chance in the government
Pericles & Athens
Encourages art, writers, philosophers, and architects
Problem – uses Delian League $$
Pericles’ version of a theater – used for our modern movie theater designs
Caryatids support the roof of the portico on the Erechtheion sanctuary
Parthenon $3 Billion & 15 years!
As restored from copies, Athena probably stood with her weight on her right leg, and her left leg relaxed. She wore sandals, a peplos belted
over the overfold, an aegis, and a helmet. A centauromachy was illustrated on the soles of her sandals, and the helmet was decorated with griffins and sphinxes. On the palm of her outstretched right hand she held a statue of Nike, and in the other she held a spear. At her feet rested a shield, within which a serpent (representing Erichthonius) was coiled. The shield was decorated on the outside with an Amazonomachy, and on the inside with a Gigantomachy. On the statue base was illustrated the birth of Pandora, the progenitor of the race of women.