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Pericles
 

Pericles

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Pericles

Pericles

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    Pericles Pericles Presentation Transcript

    • The Golden Age of Athens
    • The Persian Army
      • Greeks weaken the Persian Empire and the Persians flee across the sea, but they keep their area in Asia Minor and the Greek city-state involved!
    • Is the War over??
      • Athens wants to follow the Persians and take back all of Greece
      • Sparta wants to just keep what Greece has & they are afraid of Athen’s new found power!!!
      Athens 
    • All Walled up and No Where to Go!!!
      • Sparta demands no polis on the Balkan Peninsula builds a wall – easy for the Persians to invade and keep.
      • Athens refuses & gets the support of other city-states since they have the powerful navy Greece needs
    • The Delian League
      • Persia is still a threat!!!!!
      • 150 city-states meet (all but Sparta)
      • Bind themselves to Athens
        • Follow their leadership
        • Pay money and military items
      • In return Athens gives them
        • Continuing protection from Persia
    • Delian League??
      • Athens took total control
      • Controlled the money and made everyone pay them
      • What was it originally used for??
      • Started to use the money improving Athens not fighting Persia
      • THE ATHENIAN EMPIRE
    • Pericles
      • Military General became the leader of Athens
      • AKA – the “first citizen”
      • The Golden Age of Athens
    • Pericles Reforms
      • All city states & people will:
        • Democracy
        • Use Athenian $
        • Pay taxes
        • Have a chance in the government
    • Pericles & Athens
      • Beautifies Athens
        • Builds Temples
        • Libraries
        • Encourages art, writers, philosophers, and architects
      • Problem – uses Delian League $$
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      • Pericles’ version of a theater – used for our modern movie theater designs
    • Caryatids support the roof of the portico on the Erechtheion sanctuary
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    • Parthenon $3 Billion & 15 years!
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      • As restored from copies, Athena probably stood with her weight on her right leg, and her left leg relaxed. She wore sandals, a peplos belted
      • over the overfold, an aegis, and a helmet. A centauromachy was illustrated on the soles of her sandals, and the helmet was decorated with griffins and sphinxes. On the palm of her outstretched right hand she held a statue of Nike, and in the other she held a spear. At her feet rested a shield, within which a serpent (representing Erichthonius) was coiled. The shield was decorated on the outside with an Amazonomachy, and on the inside with a Gigantomachy. On the statue base was illustrated the birth of Pandora, the progenitor of the race of women.