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Minoans

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  • 1. The Early Greeks The Minoans, the Minotaur, and the Mystery
  • 2. Geography of Greece
    • Surrounded by water (Ionian, Med., Aegean).
    • B. Fishing over farming.
    • C. Mountainous!
    • D. Early Greek communities grew up independent!
  • 3. The Minoans
    • Minoan Civilization begins on the island of Crete around 2800 B.C.E.
      • Knossos was a rich city
    • 1 st civilization in the region that later became Greece.
  • 4. The Minoans
    • What did they look like?
      • Short, dark haired, and tan
    • How did they dress?
        • OUR MALE MODEL CAN HELP!
  • 5. The Minoans
    • Main Idea – The Minoans earned their living by building ships and trading !
    • What Trade??
      • Olives and Grapes from farming
    • How???
      • Carpenters built fast ships from Crete’s many trees
      • Great metalworkers (bronze & gold etc.)
      • Slimmer ships and faster with three sails
  • 6. The Minoans
    • 2000BCE-
      • Drove off the pirates
        • Used a long wooden beam and prow to fight
      • Minoans controlled the Mediterranean Sea!!
    Why did we make paper boats??
  • 7. Minoan Ship Recreation
  • 8. Objective: Jan 3, 2008
    • Pick up the papers on the front table
    • Quietly fill out the collaborative activity for all of your partners! Fold them in half and Miss Rice will collect them!
    • Finish the great Minoan Civilization!
    • HW: Blogging the Minoans!
  • 9. Minoan Sports
    • Minoans loved sports
    • Built world’s first arena
      • Could seat 500!!!
    • Boxing Matches – Men
    • Chariot hunts - Women
    • Bull Leaping – Men and Women
  • 10. Bull Leaping
  • 11. Minoan Cities
    • No Walls!
    • Famous for their grand palaces!
      • Center of the city palace instead of ziggurat
      • 5 stories high
      • Running hot and cold water
      • Heated rooms
      • Flushing toilets
  • 12. Minoan Cities
      • Near the center/palace – sea captains, merchants and shipbuilders
      • Farther away – artisans
    • Houses
      • Entrance on the roof (like the Mesopotamians)
      • Later they added wooden doors and windows with parchment (thin oiled animal skin)
  • 13. Rulers & Religion
    • Priest –kings
      • Ruled by talking to gods and representing them on earth
      • Double Ax- two roles = priest and king
    • Main God/Goddess
      • Mother Earth
  • 14. Mother Earth
  • 15.
    • Around 1450 B.C.E. Minoan civilization disappears!
    • Most likely a cataclysmic event.
      • Tsunami
      • Mycenaeans took them over
    • The Greeks claim it was the fault of the MINOTAUR!
    Fall of the Minoans
  • 16. Which number is Crete & the Sea of Crete? Do you know where Greece and its two peninsulas are? How about Macedonia? Time to know your map!
  • 17.
    • Farmer (Mycen – tenants & slaves)
    • Metal Worker – Bronze and Gold Coins
    • Trader
    • Ships & Navigation ( Min – prow for pirates)
    Minoans Mycenaeans Compare & Contrast the Early Greek Civilizations 2800 BC Crete – Knossos - $$ Short – dark hair and tanned Carpenter Mother Earth – Dove - # 1 goddess Bull Leaping Double Ax – symbol for pries-king 2000 BC – most important sea faring people in the Med Sea Theseus & the Minotaur (minotaur killed – Minoans lose power) Labyrinth - maze The End =Tsunami Mycenaeans kill off The original people (teachers) 2000 BC Southern Russia Balkan Peninsula Hilltops – fortress set there – easy to defend Megaron- large room for entertainment, council, etc. Hunting Those who learned from the original Trojan War Homer Civil Wars 1400 BC