The Early Greeks The Minoans, the Minotaur, and the Mystery
Geography of Greece
Surrounded by water (Ionian, Med., Aegean).
B. Fishing over farming.
D. Early Greek communities grew up independent!
Minoan Civilization begins on the island of Crete around 2800 B.C.E.
Knossos was a rich city
1 st civilization in the region that later became Greece.
What did they look like?
Short, dark haired, and tan
How did they dress?
OUR MALE MODEL CAN HELP!
Main Idea – The Minoans earned their living by building ships and trading !
Olives and Grapes from farming
Carpenters built fast ships from Crete’s many trees
Great metalworkers (bronze & gold etc.)
Slimmer ships and faster with three sails
Drove off the pirates
Used a long wooden beam and prow to fight
Minoans controlled the Mediterranean Sea!!
Why did we make paper boats??
Minoan Ship Recreation
Objective: Jan 3, 2008
Pick up the papers on the front table
Quietly fill out the collaborative activity for all of your partners! Fold them in half and Miss Rice will collect them!
Finish the great Minoan Civilization!
HW: Blogging the Minoans!
Minoans loved sports
Built world’s first arena
Could seat 500!!!
Boxing Matches – Men
Chariot hunts - Women
Bull Leaping – Men and Women
Famous for their grand palaces!
Center of the city palace instead of ziggurat
5 stories high
Running hot and cold water
Near the center/palace – sea captains, merchants and shipbuilders
Farther away – artisans
Entrance on the roof (like the Mesopotamians)
Later they added wooden doors and windows with parchment (thin oiled animal skin)
Rulers & Religion
Ruled by talking to gods and representing them on earth
Double Ax- two roles = priest and king
Around 1450 B.C.E. Minoan civilization disappears!
Most likely a cataclysmic event.
Mycenaeans took them over
The Greeks claim it was the fault of the MINOTAUR!
Fall of the Minoans
Which number is Crete & the Sea of Crete? Do you know where Greece and its two peninsulas are? How about Macedonia? Time to know your map!
Farmer (Mycen – tenants & slaves)
Metal Worker – Bronze and Gold Coins
Ships & Navigation ( Min – prow for pirates)
Minoans Mycenaeans Compare & Contrast the Early Greek Civilizations 2800 BC Crete – Knossos - $$ Short – dark hair and tanned Carpenter Mother Earth – Dove - # 1 goddess Bull Leaping Double Ax – symbol for pries-king 2000 BC – most important sea faring people in the Med Sea Theseus & the Minotaur (minotaur killed – Minoans lose power) Labyrinth - maze The End =Tsunami Mycenaeans kill off The original people (teachers) 2000 BC Southern Russia Balkan Peninsula Hilltops – fortress set there – easy to defend Megaron- large room for entertainment, council, etc. Hunting Those who learned from the original Trojan War Homer Civil Wars 1400 BC