Minoans

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Minoans

  1. 1. The Early Greeks The Minoans, the Minotaur, and the Mystery
  2. 2. Geography of Greece <ul><li>Surrounded by water (Ionian, Med., Aegean). </li></ul><ul><li>B. Fishing over farming. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Mountainous! </li></ul><ul><li>D. Early Greek communities grew up independent! </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Minoans <ul><li>Minoan Civilization begins on the island of Crete around 2800 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knossos was a rich city </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1 st civilization in the region that later became Greece. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Minoans <ul><li>What did they look like? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short, dark haired, and tan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How did they dress? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OUR MALE MODEL CAN HELP! </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Minoans <ul><li>Main Idea – The Minoans earned their living by building ships and trading ! </li></ul><ul><li>What Trade?? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Olives and Grapes from farming </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How??? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carpenters built fast ships from Crete’s many trees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great metalworkers (bronze & gold etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slimmer ships and faster with three sails </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Minoans <ul><li>2000BCE- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drove off the pirates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used a long wooden beam and prow to fight </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minoans controlled the Mediterranean Sea!! </li></ul></ul>Why did we make paper boats??
  7. 7. Minoan Ship Recreation
  8. 8. Objective: Jan 3, 2008 <ul><li>Pick up the papers on the front table </li></ul><ul><li>Quietly fill out the collaborative activity for all of your partners! Fold them in half and Miss Rice will collect them! </li></ul><ul><li>Finish the great Minoan Civilization! </li></ul><ul><li>HW: Blogging the Minoans! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Minoan Sports <ul><li>Minoans loved sports </li></ul><ul><li>Built world’s first arena </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Could seat 500!!! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Boxing Matches – Men </li></ul><ul><li>Chariot hunts - Women </li></ul><ul><li>Bull Leaping – Men and Women </li></ul>
  10. 10. Bull Leaping
  11. 11. Minoan Cities <ul><li>No Walls! </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for their grand palaces! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Center of the city palace instead of ziggurat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 stories high </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Running hot and cold water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heated rooms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flushing toilets </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Minoan Cities <ul><ul><li>Near the center/palace – sea captains, merchants and shipbuilders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farther away – artisans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Houses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Entrance on the roof (like the Mesopotamians) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Later they added wooden doors and windows with parchment (thin oiled animal skin) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Rulers & Religion <ul><li>Priest –kings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled by talking to gods and representing them on earth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Double Ax- two roles = priest and king </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Main God/Goddess </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mother Earth </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Mother Earth
  15. 15. <ul><li>Around 1450 B.C.E. Minoan civilization disappears! </li></ul><ul><li>Most likely a cataclysmic event. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tsunami </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mycenaeans took them over </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Greeks claim it was the fault of the MINOTAUR! </li></ul>Fall of the Minoans
  16. 16. Which number is Crete & the Sea of Crete? Do you know where Greece and its two peninsulas are? How about Macedonia? Time to know your map!
  17. 17. <ul><li>Farmer (Mycen – tenants & slaves) </li></ul><ul><li>Metal Worker – Bronze and Gold Coins </li></ul><ul><li>Trader </li></ul><ul><li>Ships & Navigation ( Min – prow for pirates) </li></ul>Minoans Mycenaeans Compare & Contrast the Early Greek Civilizations 2800 BC Crete – Knossos - $$ Short – dark hair and tanned Carpenter Mother Earth – Dove - # 1 goddess Bull Leaping Double Ax – symbol for pries-king 2000 BC – most important sea faring people in the Med Sea Theseus & the Minotaur (minotaur killed – Minoans lose power) Labyrinth - maze The End =Tsunami Mycenaeans kill off The original people (teachers) 2000 BC Southern Russia Balkan Peninsula Hilltops – fortress set there – easy to defend Megaron- large room for entertainment, council, etc. Hunting Those who learned from the original Trojan War Homer Civil Wars 1400 BC

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