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Mesopotamia Notes

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Transcript

  • 1. By: Miss K. Rice
  • 2.
    • So who were these first people considered to be the world’s first:
    Civilization Civilizations have: Cities, organized governments, art, religion, writing system
  • 3.
    • They were the:
    Mesopotamia Sumerians
  • 4.
    • Turkey & the Arabian Peninsula
    Turkey Arabian Peninsula
  • 5.
    • Migrated by following their food supply and looking for a nicer climate in which to live (NOMADS)
  • 6.
    • 3500 BCE
    • In Southern Mesopotamia
  • 7.
    • What did they look like:
      • A written description:
        • Short
        • Stocky
        • Black- haired
    Who can draw the best of them all ????
  • 8.  
  • 9. Warm Up!!!
    • On a blank piece of paper, write out your answer….
      • A. Imagine that you are a king/queen of a very large empire. How will you keep your citizens safe and comfortable? How will you keep order, pay for things, etc.?
  • 10.
    • The main Sumerian occupation was:
    Farming
  • 11.
    • Revolution – a series of changes that greatly affects many areas of life.
    • Farming spread throughout the world between 7000-2000 B.C.E.
    • Farming caused people to stay close to their fields.
    • Villages grew.
  • 12.
    • How did the Sumerians accomplish the feat of being able to farm the land?
    • Changing the environment
      • Irrigation
      • Levees
      • Animal Husbandry (taming animals to use for labor & food)
    Domestic Animals Definitely Not Domestic!
  • 13.
    • # 1 Crop – Barley
    • Wheat
    • Sesame
    • Date Palms
    • Different Vegetables
    • Fruit Trees
  • 14.
    • As Sumerian farming became successful there was more available
    • Their because
    • of the
    Food Food Surplus!!! Population grew
  • 15.
    • As the worlds population increases, so does specialization.
    • Craftspeople
    • Toolmakers –
      • Ex. Sickle makes harvesting crops easier & Faster!
  • 16.
    • What do the Sumerians need for a bigger population?
    Rules / Laws
      • Organization and to keep order
  • 17.
    • What do the Sumerians need for a bigger population?
    Homes and many of them = Cities
  • 18.  
  • 19.
    • Self-Sufficient!
  • 20.  
  • 21.
    • Brick wall with bronze gate (closes at night for protection)
    • Narrow winding streets
    • Lower Class = unskilled workers (usually live by fishing) & farmers
    • Middle Class= artisans (shop keepers, carpenters, government officials, etc.)
    • Upper Class = Merchants & Priests
    • Ziggurat = Temple
  • 22.  
  • 23.
    • Women = owned by the men
    • Wealthy = especially priest own all the land and have conflict with kings once kings are established
    • Serfs & Slaves = majority of the population
      • Do all the Manual Labor
  • 24.
    • Males
      • Sun up to sun down
      • Encouraged
      • Failures
  • 25. Objective for the day!
    • City-states
    • Religion
    • It’s a birthday! Let’s celebrate!!!
  • 26.  
  • 27.
    • Ziggurats
      • Hill of Heaven
      • Mountain of God
    • Over 3,000 Gods
    • Priest
      • - Lots of power
      • - Control who gets land
  • 28.
    • Did priests ever go to war?
    • War broke out and the people needed a stronger leader than the priests
    • Became HEREDITARY!