Julius Caesar

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Julius Caesar

  1. 1. April 23, 2007 <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Julius Caesar! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Homework: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reformer V Dictator </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. The One the Only….. Julius Caesar Veni, vidi, vici!!
  3. 3. Key Topic: Julius Caesar <ul><li>Main Idea # 1 : The personal life of Julius Caesar and his Rise to Power! </li></ul><ul><li>Main Idea # 2 : The first Triumvirate and the struggle to control Rome! </li></ul><ul><li>Main Idea # 3 : The reforms of Julius Caesar. </li></ul><ul><li>Julius Caesar – Reformer or Dictator </li></ul><ul><li>Main Idea # 4 : The fall of Julius Caesar by the Senate. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Main Idea # 1 : The personal life of Julius Caesar and his Rise to Power! </li></ul>
  5. 5. Main Idea # 1 <ul><li>Poor Patrician Family </li></ul><ul><li>Gaius Marius – Uncle gets him into politics </li></ul><ul><li>Gaius Marius teaches Julius to be a successful general </li></ul>
  6. 6. Main Idea # 1 <ul><li>Pirates (Ransom & Crucified) </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra (Caesarian - son) </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Main Idea # 2 : The first Triumvirate and the struggle to control Rome! </li></ul>Caesar Pompey Crassus
  8. 9. Main Idea # 2 <ul><li>1. Marcus Licinius Crassus $$$$ </li></ul><ul><li>2. Gnaeus Pompeius (Pompey) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Julius Caesar </li></ul><ul><li>Triumvirate – political alliance between three people </li></ul>Disagree on how to rule!
  9. 10. Crassus dies in battle VS. Senate wants Pompey to become the new ruler of Rome and Caesar is to give up his command of the army and return to Rome!!
  10. 11. Main Idea # 2 <ul><li>Caesar is not pleased! </li></ul><ul><li>Here is the integral question….. Start a war in your own country possibly killing many or come back to Rome where you are sure to be killed?? </li></ul>What would you do?
  11. 12. Main Idea # 2 <ul><li>Pompey tries to stop Caesar but is forced from Rome and is destroyed in Greece by the Roman with the help of the Egyptians </li></ul><ul><li>The end of the Triumvirate & Caesar controls all now! </li></ul>Casear Marches into Rome with his army of very loyal men!
  12. 13. <ul><li>Main Idea # 3 : The reforms of Julius Caesar. Reformer or Dictator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For this section – make the space below into a “T” chart </li></ul></ul>Reformer Dictator Treated many of his enemies generously Increased the number of Senators to add to his number of supporters Use pages 281, 284-285
  13. 14. Main Idea # 3 <ul><li>Reformer </li></ul><ul><li>Won the support of his soldiers through his leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Treated his enemies generously (Brutus) </li></ul><ul><li>Ended corruption in the government </li></ul><ul><li>Restored cities that had been destroyed by the Republic – improved all public works (roads, marshes,buildings) </li></ul><ul><li>Gladiator games he paid for </li></ul><ul><li>Dictator </li></ul><ul><li>Became an enemy when he refused to follow the Senate’s order to return to Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Started a civil war which destroyed the Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Increased the number of Senators by adding supporters for him </li></ul>
  14. 15. Main Idea # 3 <ul><li>Reformer </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthened and expanded Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Started public job programs for the poor </li></ul><ul><li>Granted Roman citizenship to people from foreign countries (Spain & Gaul - France) </li></ul><ul><li>Split up public lands for those who need it </li></ul><ul><li>Made overseas colonies (Egypt, Spain, Africa) </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers were given land & a pension when they retired </li></ul><ul><li>Dictator </li></ul><ul><li>Treated his defeated enemies cruelly </li></ul><ul><li>Punished those who wanted to uphold the traditions and laws of the Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Weakened the Senate to gain absolute power </li></ul><ul><li>Kept hidden facts that made him look weak and unintelligent </li></ul><ul><li>Sought glory for himself at the expense of Rome </li></ul>
  15. 16. Main Idea # 3 <ul><li>Julian Calendar – Still used in Egypt </li></ul>When is your Birthday??
  16. 17. <ul><li>Bush approval Is President Bush a visionary or a villain? Tell us what you think. www.PollingPoint.com </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>Main Idea # 4 : The fall of Julius Caesar by the Senate. </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>Senate is afraid he will make himself king </li></ul><ul><li>Set up a plot to kill him </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When Caesar enter the Senate - 60 Senators stab him 23 times on the Ides of March (March 15 th 44 BCE) </li></ul></ul>BITE

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