My Italian (Italy), slow (Slovenia) crazy (Croatia) boss (Bosnia-Herzegovinia) told me to serve (Serbia) my mean (Montenegro) uncle Al (Albania) macadamia (Macedonia) nuts and greasy (Greece) turkey (Turkey). His stomach started to bulge (Bulgaria), so the doctor told him to eat romaine (Romania) lettuce, but it was moldy (Moldova). “ U (Ukraine) know,” he said, “ I am still so (Slovakia) hungry (Hungary), I guess I ought (Austria) to check (Czech Republic) and see if there is any German (Germany) chocolate and fancy (France) swiss (Switzerland) cheese.”
Once upon a time there were these strange creatures that lived in an area so black you couldn’t see (Black Sea). It was so dark they didn’t need clothing…one day they moved out of the Black Sea and the first thing they said was marmarmarmar (Sea of Marmar). When they met someone the person said, Oh…Darn (Dardanelles Strait) you need clothing you should go to AE (Aegean Sea). They asked Italy for aid (Adriatic Sea). Thanks so much the creatures said…I owe you (Ionian Sea).
Find a place to settle! You may not settle on top of the desk as they represent the mountains of Greece and the chairs represent the larger hills of Greece.
You MUST stay within the outline of or else you are living in the middle of a sea (Aegean, Sea of Crete, Mediterranean, Adriatic)
25.2 Isolated Communities and the Difficulties of Travel
Most of the poleis (city-states) settled along the coastlines. There were also very isolated
Ancient Greeks were isolated from one another because of the mountains which made travel and communication difficult.
The dangers of traveling on land included rocks that could shatter wooden wheel and attacks by robbers. Dangers of traveling by water included attack by pirates, robbery, by sailors, and storms that could drive ships on to rocks and sink them.
Greek communities started colonies because they needed more farmland to feed their people.
First they consulted an oracle to see if their efforts would be successful. Next they gathered food and supplies, took a flame from their town’s sacred fire, and began their long sea voyage. After they found a safe place with good farmland and harbors, they established a community.
They established colonies between 1000 – 650 BCE. They established the colonies in Turkey, Spain, France, Italy, Africa, and along the Black Sea.
Many ancient Greeks sailed across the sea to start colonies that helped spread Greek culture . Colonists settled in lands that included parts of present day Turkey, Spain, France, Italy, and northern Africa .
Summary: To meet their needs, the ancient Greeks traded with other ______________________, their __________________, and with other peoples in the ____________________________ region. They exchanged ________________ oil and _____________________ for such goods as grain, timber, and ____________.
City-states colonies Mediterranean olive pottery metal