Miss Rice’s Egyptian Cheat Sheet 12/2/09 Homework: SSS Study for your test Current Events
Places Using the map on p. 40, Locate the following places Cities Memphis Giza Thebes Bodies of Water Nile River Nile River Delta Mediterranean Sea Red Sea Other Sahara Desert Eastern Desert Cataracts (first and second)
Places Nile River Delta Mediterranean Sea Giza Memphis CITIES Sahara Desert Red Sea Bodies of Water EasternDesert Thebes 1st Cataract Others Nile River Western Desert 2nd Cataract
How did the Egyptians use the Nile River? Farming (irrigation) Drinking Water Bathing Food Source (fish, water for cooking, etc) Transportation within Egypt Etc. Places
Look at the map. What geographical features could act as a natural barrier from invasion? Sahara Desert Nile River Delta (swampy area) Eastern Desert Cataracts Military
How else did the military of Egypt find success with manmade advancements? Chariots Bronze Weapons Iron Weapons Who eventually beat the Egyptians and weakened their civilization? The Assyrians (Remember them???) Military
People Why did people follow the Pharaoh? They believed that he was the son of Re and connected heaven and earth “I was only about 8 or 9 when I became Pharaoh and died when I was only a teenager.”Who said it? _________________________________ “I was a great female ruler in Egypt and lead my people to a time of great prosperity.”Who said it? _________________________________ “I ruled Egypt for over 60 years and promoted great advances in building and territory expansion.”Who said it? _________________________________ Tutankhamen Hatshepsut Ramses II
“I am responsible for uniting the Upper and Lower Kingdoms of Egypt in about 3100 BCE.”Who said it? _______________________________ “I tried to make changes to Egyptian religion and made changes that caused Egypt to lose territory.”Who said it? _______________________________ “The Great Pyramid at Giza was constructed to honor me in the afterlife.”Who said it? _______________________________ People Narmer Akhenaton Khufu
People Why was the discovery of King Tut’s tomb such a significant development for archaeologists?
In order to please the Pharaoh, their pyramids would be filled with gold, gemstones, and other expensive gifts.
This was well-known, so many people snuck in and stole things from the tombs
King Tut’s tomb was unique because no one had stolen anything from it over thousands of years, so we got to see how much wealth and luxury was really given to their dead leaders.
Vocab In what ways could it have been beneficial for the Egyptians to study geometry? Geometry could help Egyptian engineers to plan out how to build their great pyramids and monuments.
Contributions Papyrus A number system based on the # 10 Used fractions 365 day calendar Specialized doctors (eye doctors, vets, etc) 1st to use band-aids, tongue compressors, etc. 24 hours in a day Decimal System Paper Surgery Clock Ink Linen
Compare and Contrast Using p. 44 of your textbook, compare and contrast Ancient Egypt with Mesopotamia. Come up with three ideas or concepts for each part of the Venn diagram.
Compare and Contrast Egypt Mesopotamia
) Both civilizations based around a river
) Both economies based on farming and trade
3) Both had many advancements and inventions
) Few natural defenses
) The Tigris and Euphrates flooded irregularly and were always a threat to the Mesopotamians
) City-states and empires ruled by kings and priests
) Many natural defenses
2) The Nile flooded very regularly, which helped the farmers to plan ahead for planting 3)Villages lead by chiefs, then kingdoms ruled by Pharaohs (gods on earth) p. 44