SWU 123 (3SWU 123 (3rdrd
Language Centre, SWU
1A/2: Answers1A/2: Answers
1) Rabid typing; ruining their company’s sales
2) Voluntary work with those with special needs
3) Being into pop music; liking the cinema;
supporting a local football club
4) Married; eight children; would prefer frequent
5) They insisted that we get to work by 8:45 every
morning and I couldn’t work under those
6) A passion for rock climbing
1A: Language Notes, Hobbies1A: Language Notes, Hobbies
A) Words that describe people who like
something: supporter; fans; aficionado
B) Words that refer to people’s interest:
crazy about: obsessed with; got a taste
for; a passion; got the … bug; keen on;
C) Words that refer to starting of an
activity: give … a try; take up
To make Question Sentence…To make Question Sentence…
Question words Auxiliary Verb Subject Verb
Why are you doing it?
When do I love you?
How far does he go?
Subject QuestionsSubject Questions
1) We make questions by putting the subject
between the auxiliary verb and the main verb.
2) If there is no auxiliary verb in the affirmative (i.e.
present simple and past simple) add
3) We put the subject after the verb in questions
4) If the question word (who, what, which) is the
subject – put in “normal statement”
We make questions by putting the
subject between the auxiliary verb and
the main verb:
Is he playing the guitar?
(He is playing the guitar.)
Has she loved me?
(She has loved me.)
If there is no auxiliary verb in the
affirmative (ie present simple and past
simple) add do/does/did.
Do I kick that orange cat?
(I kick that orange cat.)
We put the subject after the verb in
questions with be.
Were you confident?
(You were confident.)
If the question word (who, what, which)
is the subject – put in “normal statement”
Who gave you that?
(Sarah gave you that.)
What happened to you?
(Failure happened to you.)
Language notes: saying noLanguage notes: saying no
A very definite, strong and firm no
You must be joking!
I don’t see why I should!
'Did Alex get you a present, then?' 'You must
be joking! He didn't even remember it was
Saying no, but less than a 100% no. It is a
no answer, but not definite or firm.
"Do you have anything to do?" "No, not
Polite: apologizing as you say no
I’m afraid not.
I’d love to but I can’t
Your coworker invited you to go out for
drinks after work today. You don't want
to go, so you say this to decline politely.
“You know, I'd love to, but I can't”
Saying that you think the answer is no,
but you may be wrong
Not to my knowledge.
To Page 9: Saying “No”To Page 9: Saying “No”
- Do you know if I have to do root canal
- Not to my knowledge, but you can
consult with a dental specialist.
Page 9: Functional Language: SayingPage 9: Functional Language: Saying
1) I’m afraid not
2) Not really
3) Not exactly
4) Possibly not
5) Not to my knowledge
6) Certainly not
7) No way!
8) You must be joking
Time AdverbialsTime Adverbials
Initially, at first, at the beginning, to begin
- suggestion of a “contrast” between the
beginning and later events
Initially everything was fine, but later we had
Eventually, finally, in the end
- there has been a long story, delays,
difficulties and problems.
This afternoon, I had to cope up with traffic
jams, raining cats & dogs, feeling wet;
eventually, I was home.
- that an event happened after (and
possibly because of)
Mary said she couldn’t come and
subsequently the picnic was cancelled.
- At a later time, after the time that has just
Peter stayed for tea until four o’clock. Later on he
called in at the garage.
Mary enjoyed the visit to the swimming
pool. Afterwards she walked along the
After a while
- “after a short period of time”
I met Alan this afternoon, after a while he
invited me to his club.
Word order with timeWord order with time
They went to the café .
(ABC): eventually, finally, initially,
(AC): afterwards, after a while, at first, at
the beginning, in the end, later on, to
A B C
Reading: Dream JobsReading: Dream Jobs
Draw a line
Make an exception with something
Page 9: Cultural Notes: UnusualPage 9: Cultural Notes: Unusual
- gardening on other people’s land
- proactive way of taking responsibility
for improving public spaces in towns and
- illegal act
- just to take photographs, no footprints
1: Video1: Video
“Britain’s loyalest royalist”
Answers: Exercise 3Answers: Exercise 3
First name: Margaret
Address: Heritage House, Wembley, Middlesex, UK
Collection type: Royal memorabilia
Number of items: Approximately 10,000
Favourite piece: painting of Diana and her two sons
Latest Piece: Plate from the Queen’s Gallary in Victoria
Special room: Diana room
Answer: Exercise 5Answer: Exercise 5
1) The china plate from the Queen’s
2) Reporting on the wedding for American
3) The Diana room
4) The painting of Diana and her sons
5) Her collection
6) The announcement of Prince William’s
Answer: Exercise 7Answer: Exercise 7
She uses direct speech when she reports
speech. She uses the verb say instead of
ask when it’s a question.