Social Learning Theory The Social Learning Theory states that people learn from one another via observation, imitation and modeling. It is often referred to as a bridge behaviorist and cognitive learning theories because it encompasses attention, memory and motivation.
Albert Bandura The Social Learning Theory was proposed by Albert Bandura. Bandura believed that direct reinforcement could not account for all types of learning. His theory added a social element, arguing that people can learn new information and behaviors by watching other people which is known as observational learning (or modeling).
Necessary conditions for effective modeling: Attention — various factors increase or decrease the amount of attention paid. Retention — remembering what you paid attention to. Reproduction — reproducing the image. Motivation — having a good reason to imitate.
There are 3 core concepts of the Social Learning Theory: People can learn through observation. Internal mental state is essential in the learning process. Learning does not necessarily lead to change in behavior.
What do teacher do under this theory ? To promote effective modeling a teacher must make sure that the four essential conditions exist; attention, retention , motor reproduction, and motivation. Teachers must model appropriate behaviors and take care that they do not model inappropriate behaviors. Teachers should expose students to a variety of other models. This technique is especially important to break down traditional stereotypes. Teachers should help students set realistic expectations for their academic accomplishments.
What do students do under this theory? Students often learn a great deal simply by observing other people. Students must believe that they are capable of accomplishing school tasks. Students should closely observe appropriate behaviors and learn from them.
I believe this theory will work wellin my classroom. I support leading by example and as educator I feel it is important to model appropriate behaviors for the students to observe and imitate.
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