Introductions and Conclusions
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Introductions and Conclusions

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A lesson on writing introductions and conclusions for critical papers.

A lesson on writing introductions and conclusions for critical papers.

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  • Nice informative slide its really helpful to build an essay,the explanation of introduction parts and conclusion parts was really good ,share more information so that we get a good start fo writing thanks......
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Introductions and Conclusions Introductions and Conclusions Presentation Transcript

  • Introductions and Conclusions
    • We’re going to give you a basic formula for introductions and conclusions
    • As you become a stronger writer, you can play around with this structure—but you should still include the three basic elements of an intro and conclusion in any paper.
  • Introduction
    • A good introduction should have 3 parts.
    • A hook.
    • 2-4 main points that are sub-arguments of the thesis statement.
    • A thesis statement, or main argument.
  • Hook: Here are some options.
    • 1.       Use a contrast.
    • 2.       Use an interesting observation.
    • 3.       Make an interesting comparison.
    • 4. Use a personal anecdote or experience
    View slide
  • Main points
    • Main Points : The second part of your introduction should be your 2-4 main points.
    View slide
  • Main points: a few notes
    • Note: In a shorter paper (i.e., one to two pages), you may skip this step and move directly into the thesis statement.
    • Note: Your main points can come before or after the thesis statement.
  • Main points: a couple of tips
    • Relationship to Thesis : The main points should all be sup-points of the thesis. If, for example, my thesis is that Karl is a big pansy—then my sup-points could be the various subtle ways in which Karl is a big pansy.
    •                                                    
    • Parallel Construction : Use the same grammatical construction for all three points. For example:
    • "During the summer I love to go hiking, surfing, and soccer is also one of my loves" becomes "During the summer I love to hike, surf, or play soccer."
  • Thesis Statement
    • The third part of your introduction is the thesis statement: a strong argument that will unify your paper.
  • Common problems with thesis statements:
    • Too general or broad.            
    • Lacks an argument (offer facts and not ideas).              
    • Lacks supporting evidence.
    • Too obvious.
  • Conclusions
    • Conclusions also have three parts to them.
  • Three parts of a Conclusion
    • Restate the thesis.
    • Restate the 2-4 main points.
    • Give us a “Why should we care?”
  • Options for the “Why should we Care?”
    • a.       Reach Beyond the Text: Move beyond close textual analysis to consider this: What does it all mean in the larger world?
    • Close with an effective quotation. (Be careful here: Dave Matthews Band is not a good source for a formal essay).
  • More options for the “Why should we care?”
    • -Compare the past to the present.
    • -Come full circle. One of the most effective ways of concluding a paper is to reflect back on something in the introduction.
  • Common Conclusion Hazards
    • 1. 1. Avoid using transitional words such as "Thus," "In Conclusion" and "Finally" at the beginning of the last paragraph when readers can plainly see the end of the paper.
    • 2. Avoid asking any new questions or introducing textual data.
  • Any questions?
    • Come see Reynolds or Katie!