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Bachler_TRIZ_Biomimetics

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  • 1. TRIZ & Biomimetics Minding Ethics & Sustainability when Creating Innovations Austrian TRIZ Conference | Mi, 18.11.2009
  • 2. About Elke Barbara Bachler (EBB)
    • krea
    • W iderspruch (Contradiction)
    • E volution
    • R esources
    • F unction
    • T actic
    • EBB
    • Chemical Engineer
    • Mother
    • WebDesigner
    • Innovation Manager
    • Devil‘s Advocate
    • BAC Theses
    • The Evolution of Innovation
    • The Innovative Mind
    • kreaWERFT.com
  • 3. Innovation in Nature & in Business
    • Business & Technology
    • Idea (creativity, constraints, memetics) + Potential & Demand (resources, technology, market) = Innovation aka new & economically successful idea
    • Nature
    • Reproduction is a faulty copying process (genetics) + Natural Selection (fit = perfectly adapted) = Innovation aka new & viable species
  • 4. Differences & Similarities
    • TRIZ (TIPS)
    • Algorithm Abstraction Analogy
    • Inventions / Patents
    • Ideality
    • Contradiction
    • Resources
    • Function
    • Systematic
    • Biomimetics
    • Algorithm Abstraction Analogy
    • Nature / Open Source
    • Fitness
    • Try & Error
    • Resources
    • Function & Form
    • Systemic
  • 5. Ideality & Fitness Ideality in nature  a matter of fitness
  • 6. Ideality Prognosis vs. Adaptive Fitness Biological examples support TRIZ Trends & Principles (surface segmentation, asymmetry, volumetric geometry et al.) © whalepower.com © whalepower.com © Barbara Thomas | pixelio.de
  • 7. Ideality Prognosis vs. Adaptive Fitness TRIZ Trend volumetric segmentation  high rigidity & low weight. This is important for birds, for big mammals like horses the hollow bone is still fit. Both bone types offer/use active elements. © Dorling Kindersley Verlag © Alulight ® Solid Hollow Multi Porous Active
  • 8. Ideality Prognosis vs. Adaptive Fitness
    • There are many examples for TRIZ Trends & Principles to be found in nature.
    • Proposal  TRIZ Trends don‘t have to be contemplated merely in an unidirectional-progressive way if it‘s about fitness.
    • There is no real IFR (Ideal Final Result) in nature. The ability to adept ensures survival in a changing system.
    • Proposal  Define an IFR consciously for different systems (open innovation approach).
  • 9. Try & Error … contradictory to effectiveness and efficiency?
  • 10. Try & Error as Systematical Method
    • How to optimize the degree of efficiency when mathematical calculations don‘t work …
    • Still fascinating: The two-phase-supersonic-injector by Hans-Paul Schwefel in 1968
    • Recombination of slices  mutation & selection  optimal degree of efficency
    • Source: „Das grosse Buch der Bionik“ by Werner Nachtigall and Kurt G. Bluechel
  • 11. Try & Error … time is most significant.
    • The way we learn is based on Try & Error. It‘s intrinsic. Therefore it shouldn‘t be regarded as maleficent, but be allowed within certain terms.
    • Try & Error as a method needs systematic proceeding.
    • It‘s legitimate to use serendipity!
    • IT-supported simulations allow to use Try & Error within an acceptable time frame.
    • Proposal  Use TRIZ in combination with simulations and scenario techniques.
  • 12. Resources … identification and vigilant usage.
  • 13. Principle 13 – The Other Way Round © Ina Fink | pixelio.de © biopowersystems.com One of the latest biomimetical projects and how TRIZ could have supported the basic idea: In nature the fin is used actively to move forward. The fin bioSTREAM uses the current to move the fin against the torque of a generator, producing energy. bioSTREAM by BioPower Systems Pilot project Australia 2010
  • 14. Principle 15 – Dynamization © Thomas Max Müller | pixelio.de © biopowersystems.com A similar approach: Plants “go with the flow“ … and that‘s what bioWAVE is mimicking, generating energy by doing so. If the waves are too strong, bioWAVE will lay down completely. That way a light-weight construction suffices. bioWAVE by BioPower Systems
  • 15. Sustainable Usage of Resources
    • TRIZ supports and fosters thinking in resources. Nature shows examples for vigilant and for predacious usage of resources … as well as the according results.
    • Exhaustion of resources  profit maximisation  cancer-like growth  deadly. Vigilant usage of resources  profit optimization  ability to adept & fitness  sustainable.
    Nature isn‘t good or bad. Nature shows course of action and results.
  • 16. Ethics & Sustainability © Siegried Bellach | pixelio.de © Thomas Werner | pixelio.de Ask yourself: What do you prefer? As a company, as a customer? Clear-Cut or Win-Win?
  • 17. Ethics & Sustainability & Resources
    • Nature shows course of action and the according results. We might learn a lot by watching.
    • Proposal  Combine the vigilant resource approach of nature with TRIZ tools in order to generate sustainable and life-affirmative (aka ethical correct) innovations.
  • 18. Function & Form … what is good design?
  • 19. Nature offers aesthetics. © Elke Barbara Bachler | pixelio.de
  • 20. Not always ;) © Uwe Kunze | pixelio.de
  • 21. 10 Design Principles by Rams
    • Good design is innovative
    • Good design makes a product useful
    • Good design is aesthetic
    • Good design helps us to understand a product
    • Good design is unobtrusive
    • Good design is honest
    • Good design is durable
    • Good design is consequent to the last detail
    • Good design is concerned with the environment
    • Good design is as little design as possible
    • Dieter Rams, German Industrial Designer, Braun
    http://designapplause.com/2009/dieter-rams-10-design-principles/6791/
  • 22. 10 Biological Design Principles by Nachtigall
    • Integrated instead of additive construction
    • Optimization on the whole instead of maximization of details
    • Multifunctionality instead of monofunctionality
    • Environmental fine-tuning
    • Economisation instead of wastefulness
    • Direct and indirect usage of solar energy
    • Fine-tuning of durability
    • Recycling instead of accumulation of waste
    • Linking-up instead of linearity
    • Try & Error processes
    • Werner Nachtigall, German Biomimetic
    Source: „Das grosse Buch der Bionik“ by Werner Nachtigall and Kurt G. Bluechel
  • 23. Tip: Database asknature.org
  • 24. Tip: Database function.creax.com
  • 25. Design Thinking
    • Nature offers not only knowledge in terms of function, but also in terms of form and aesthetics.
    • Mind: There are no user manuals necessary in nature!
    • Proposal  Let “natural“ design thinking be part of your TRIZ applications.
  • 26. Systematical & systemic … is there a difference?
  • 27. TRIZ Algorithm & 9 Windows Systematic proceeding (abstraction & knowledge) Systemic contemplation (including prognosis)
  • 28. Tip: Chaotic, ordered & complex systems http://cognitive-edge.com/video-childrens-party.php
  • 29. 8 Bio-Cybernetic Principles by Vester
    • Negative feedback has to dominate positive feedback
    • System functions have to be independent from quantitative growth
    • Systems have to be based on function, not on products
    • Usage of given forces (Jiu-Jitsu) instead of combat
    • Multi-usage of products, functions and organisational structures
    • Recycling – Usage of circular flows *
    • Symbiosis – Usage of differences **
    • Biological design of products, functions and organisational structures by feedback-planning
    * Compare to Cradle 2 Cradle approach (not only material, but also function is sustained) * * Synergy means the usage of similarities
  • 30. Comparation of Systemic Tactics
    • Qualitative growth
    • Systems gain stability by negative feedback (compare HIV negativ)
    • KISS Keep it Smart & Simple
    • Synergy & Symbiosis Economisation
    • ESS Be Nice Twice
    • USP & Niche Thyself!
    • Quantitative growth
    • Systems tilt because of positive feedback (compare HIV positiv)
    • MISS Make it Simple & Stupid
    • Competition & Cannibalism Loss of energy
    • Game Theory Perma-Defector
    • Vendor‘s Tray & Dot-Com
  • 31. Win-Win Situations in Technology? Triggering your mind … Do you know examples for technical symbiosis? Principle 34? ( Discarding and recovering ) Principle 40? (Composite material) © Siegfried Bellach | pixelio.de
  • 32. Conclusio Interface TRIZ–Biomimetics–Sustainability–Ethics?
  • 33. Conclusio
    • TRIZ
    • Additional usage of “natural“ knowledge effects.
    • Sustainability
    • Nature as measure for good (process) design.
    • Ethics
    • Natur as mentor for life-affirmative technologies and proceedings.
  • 34. Thank you! © Jürgen Mittag | pixelio.de
  • 35. Recommendations
    • Biomimicry – Innovation Inspired by Nature von Janine M. Benyus
    • Die Kunst vernetzt zu denken Ideen und Werkzeuge für einen neuen Umgang mit Komplexität von Frederic Vester
    • Worldchanging: A User's Guide for the 21st Century von Alex Steffen

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