Cambodia<br />The Khmer Kingdom<br />Michelle | Rangsey | Peter | Kai Yuan<br />
About Cambodia<br />Form of Government<br />Constitutional Monarchy<br />GDP Per Capita: US$1900<br />Population<br />Over...
About Cambodia<br />Geography<br />Land Area of 181,035 sq km<br />Neighbours with Thailand, Laos & Vietnam<br />Capital: ...
Traditional Media<br />122 national newspapers, 1 local and 14 foreign news agencies. 2 publicly owned and 13 private radi...
Digital Media in Cambodia<br />Internet Penetration rate : <br />0.05% (2000) to 0.51% (2008)<br />Internet censorship vs....
The “Cloggersphere”<br />‘Clogger’ society growing rapidly: grou.ps<br />Tightly knitted group of individual bloggers<br /...
BarCamp Phnom Penh (2009)</li></ul>Has initiatives to spread social media through education<br />
Interviews with the netizens<br />PreetamRai: Social media promoter<br />KalyanKeo: EarlyClogger ( Cambodian blogger )<br ...
Interviews with the netizens<br />Infrastructure mostly contained within Phnom Penh and Siem Reap <br />Government increas...
Interviews with the netizens<br />Productive uses of Social Media:<br /><ul><li>Rally support and organise activities
Discussing governance, gender, education issues
Open platform for expression
Improved access to print news media
Benefits NGOs and government cooperation
Exposure to knowledge from outside Cambodia
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Dma Final

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  • Cambodia has a land area of 181,035 square kilometers in the southwestern part of the Indochina peninsula, about 20 percent of which is used for agriculture. It lies completely within the tropics with its southern most points slightly more than 10° above the Equator. The country capital city is Phnom Penh.a population of over 14 million ethnic Khmer. A citizen of Cambodia is usually identified as &quot;Cambodian&quot; or &quot;Khmer&quot;, though the latter strictly refers to ethnic Khmers. Most Cambodians are Theravada Buddhists of Khmer extraction, but the country also has a substantial number of predominantly Muslim Cham, as well as ethnic Chinese, Vietnamese and small animist hill tribes.[4].
  • The country is beautiful, and even more incredible for rising out of the intense history of war and genocide. Take time to visit major sites that give you a glimpse into the history of the country, but also make sure you get to meet some of the friendly and positive people who have weathered through the history.
  • Cambodia has a land area of 181,035 square kilometers in the southwestern part of the Indochina peninsula, about 20 percent of which is used for agriculture. It lies completely within the tropics with its southern most points slightly more than 10° above the Equator. The country capital city is Phnom Penh.
  • International borders are shared with Thailand and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic on the West and the North, and the Social Republic of Viet Nam on the East and the Southeast. The country is bounded on the Southeast by the Gulf of Thailand. In comparison with neighbors, Cambodia is a geographical contact country administratively composed of 20 provincesland area of 181,035 square kilometers in the southwestern part of the Indochina peninsula, about 20 percent of which is used for agriculture. It lies completely within the tropics with its southern most points slightly more than 10° above the Equator. The country capital city is Phnom Penh.
  • Controlled by the government22 attacks conducted against journalists in Cambodia
  • Content of site included “national affairs, correspondence with his admirers and news about his film-making hobby”. Being fluent in Khmer, French, and English, he also posts communiqués and reactions to media reports on his sites, which became a new digital medium for global visitors. His comments and critics were also translated to Khmer and published in the media.The King’s online conversation and personal digital medium is inspiring young Cambodians to engage the Internet as a forum for discussion and debate, and to learn English as a second language. By posting his thoughts on social order and politics, the King encouraged the youths to discuss everyday small issues to major social issues on the Internet. This could be achieved via the use of online forums, chat rooms, and blogs. Hailed as the voice of the new generation, the Cambodian youths have honed good English language skills and an affinity for technology. They make up the largest population of Internet users in the country and are engaging actively in the Internet through blogs, forums, online discussion, etc. With the widespread use of English amongst peers and the international online community, coupled with the difficulties to type Khmer language, this group of Internet users communicates online mainly in English. They blog about issues ranging from corruption to food safety, displaying their personalities and views through their online journals. Subsequent Developments in the CloggersphereCloggers&apos; Summit, August 2007The group reached a peak in its popularity when it held the first Cloggers&apos; Summit in August 2007. It was attended by 200 international guests, including editors from Harvard Law School&apos;s Global Voices Online project. Main subjects discussed during the Summit evolved around social networking with a Cambodian twist, looking at how non-profit organizations – which dominate Cambodia&apos;s economy – and students could use it, despite the country&apos;s low-bandwidth connectivity.BarCampPP 2009&quot;BarCamp was great for thinking outside the box. We got Cambodians to start speaking their minds in a non-traditional setting, the un-conference.&quot;Tharum, a renowned Cambodian Clogger, commented. They hit another success in September with the first annual BarCamp Phnom Penh, an event that saw hundreds from around Southeast Asia attend, including Microsoft.Much more can be attributed to the city&apos;s sudden blogging craze. While less than two per cent of Cambodians have web access on their own computers, Phnom Penh sports a huge mobile web culture. &quot;It&apos;s amazing. Farmers are selling their land so they can buy a mobile phone and motorbike,&quot; says John Weeks, an American who heads Phnom Penh&apos;s popular House 32 web design firm. &quot;You&apos;ll see Khmers [Cambodians] wearing sandals and eating street food while talking on their Blackberrys.&quot;Some cloggers..KeoKalyan, a 20 year old student, owns the blog &quot;DeeDee, School Girl Genius! Khmer-Cyberkid.&quot; Everyday, more than 200 visitors read her blog, which are usually written in pink. She managed to earn some revenue since Indian cosmetics company Shaadi began buying advertising space on her site. &quot;The money isn&apos;t much, but I&apos;m happy my voice is being heard,&quot; KeoKalyan said. Blogger Be Chantra and his two other colleagues also traveled the country to train 2,000 students to blog. This was an initiative funded by Microsoft and United States aid agencies. Since then, Cambodia&apos;s blogosphere scene has witnessed more than 1,000 Cambodians turning to blogging, most of them students who began on their own initiative. Currently Cloggers meet regularly and hold workshops to teach each other about new software applications .&quot;If the Internet was cheaper, faster and easier to access there would be even more bloggers,&quot; said Be Chantra. Cambodia, a conservative society, doesn&apos;t offer opportunities to open up and discuss your feelings, especially for women. That&apos;s what makes blogs so special here.&quot;Men have dominated technology fields, but we&apos;re seeing more and more women speaking their minds through blogs,&quot; says ChakSopheap, a rising voice in Cambodia&apos;s women&apos;s empowerment movement. &quot;They give us an outlet to gain self esteem and be more informed about the world.&quot;
  • Productive uses of Social Media:Rally support and organise activities in the provincesDiscussions of governance, gender issues, education etcOpen platform for expression of opinions and ideasBetter access to print news mediaBenefits to NGOs and government cooperationExposure to information &amp; knowledge from outside CambodiaBetter contact with family and friends abroad
  • , due to slow connection speed and the older generation are not familiar with the technology
  • Beth is a professional blogger, trainer and consultant to non-profit organizations and individuals, focusing in the effective use of social mediaShe is well versed in new media tools (such as blogging, wikis, social networking sites, etc) and uses her knowledge to effectively support non profit organizationsAims:A train the trainers workshop with the Cambodian blogging team to share resource information, answer questions, and exchange ideas for teaching young people how to use social media in a developing country like Cambodia Keynote welcome A conference workshop on blogging techniques and video blogging techniques Bring over 3 video blogging kits (inexpensive camera, a book, batteries, and SD cards) that will be used as &quot;prizes&quot; to encourage new bloggers Learn about and document how the blogging team is doing outreach and encouraging new bloggers and share on my blog Identify and interview 3-5 amazing Cambodian BlogHers and post on BlogHer site Bring a suitcase of donated technology and nonprofit t-shirts for participants (they have no budget for scwhag) Document the learnings from this personal fundraising campaignSocial media tools used:1.ChipIn.comChipIn is a web-based service that simplifies the process of collecting money from groups of people. It is a personal fund raising widget that will enable online public to give to your cause through Paypal. They partnered Beth’s campaign by matching donations of $1 up to $2,000. In return, she would write up a case study of her experience using ChipIn, and leverage on her online popularity to gain publicity for ChipIn.2. BloggingBeth urged readers and friends to blog about her campaign and repost the fund raising badge on their blogs to gain awareness. 3.Online NetworksBeth asked the Summit team what she could bring that was “useful, not heavy and can be packed into a suitcase”. Due to the lack of funds, they needed schwag (Promotional items or products which refer to articles of merchandise that are used in marketing and communication programs. They are usually imprinted with a company’s name, logo or slogan, and given away at trade shows and conferences).In line with the Web2.0 focus, she was gathering tech t-shirts (with a Web2.0 theme/logo), and actively rallied Web2.0 and non profit technology NGOs to contribute some T-shirts for the 200 Cambodian bloggers. She appealed through her blog and various websites. Donors included Scrapblog, Valley Schwag, and online readers! 4. TwitterTwitter was largely and successfully used to get the message out, and also to encourage people to generously donate. An excerpt from Beth’s recollection of her campaign, “I&apos;ve been using Twitter and I started posting tweets about the campaign and every time I did, I got some contributions. The last leg of the campaign was raised primarily on Twitter. The final dollars from the campaign from someone seeing my twitter and it is quite an amazing story and finale to this campaign”. Outcome:Raised over $4000 and managed to prepare a useful suitcase of ‘schwag’ for the Cambodian bloggers.
  • with the Cambodian blogging team to share resource information, answer questions, and exchange ideas for teaching young people how to use social media in a developing country like Cambodia
  • Social MediaCambodia Blogging SummitKhmer440: Expat based forum
  • Dma Final

    1. 1. Cambodia<br />The Khmer Kingdom<br />Michelle | Rangsey | Peter | Kai Yuan<br />
    2. 2.
    3. 3. About Cambodia<br />Form of Government<br />Constitutional Monarchy<br />GDP Per Capita: US$1900<br />Population<br />Over 14 million<br />Language<br />95% speak Khmer <br />English is3rd most used<br />
    4. 4. About Cambodia<br />Geography<br />Land Area of 181,035 sq km<br />Neighbours with Thailand, Laos & Vietnam<br />Capital: Phnom Penh<br />Internet Penetration: 0.51%<br />
    5. 5. Traditional Media<br />122 national newspapers, 1 local and 14 foreign news agencies. 2 publicly owned and 13 private radio stations<br />Mass Media in Cambodia<br /> Support businesses and politicians<br /> Affected by political bribes<br /> Journalists caught in Cambodia’s violent political history<br /> Recent attacks on March 2, 2009 <br />
    6. 6. Digital Media in Cambodia<br />Internet Penetration rate : <br />0.05% (2000) to 0.51% (2008)<br />Internet censorship vs.‘Details are sketchy’<br />(http://detailsaresketchy.wordpress.com/)<br />Chat and social networks<br />Hi5, Khmeryou.com, Soksabai, etc<br />Language Used: English<br />due to its international prevalence and difficulty in typing Khmer<br />In 2006 Google released Cambodian domain with Khmer fonts<br />
    7. 7. The “Cloggersphere”<br />‘Clogger’ society growing rapidly: grou.ps<br />Tightly knitted group of individual bloggers<br />Initiated by former King, Norodom Sihanouk<br />Major events:<br /><ul><li>Cloggers Summit
    8. 8. BarCamp Phnom Penh (2009)</li></ul>Has initiatives to spread social media through education<br />
    9. 9. Interviews with the netizens<br />PreetamRai: Social media promoter<br />KalyanKeo: EarlyClogger ( Cambodian blogger )<br />SamphorsSambo: Clogger<br />ChakryaChea: Employee at the Department of Media and Communication & active netizen<br />SantelPhin: Avid and most followed Clogger<br />Eat Sophea: Deputy Head of Cabinet at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation & passive netizen<br />
    10. 10. Interviews with the netizens<br />Infrastructure mostly contained within Phnom Penh and Siem Reap <br />Government increase accessibility by opening more ISPs & lowering costs <br />Infrastructure development by help from the S. Korean government<br />Popular Platforms: Facebook, Twitter, Hi5, Gmail chat, and Skype<br />User Demographics: mostly between ages 13 and 25<br />Preferred Language: English<br />Usage: Social & Entertainment (50%), Education (35%), General information (15%)<br />
    11. 11. Interviews with the netizens<br />Productive uses of Social Media:<br /><ul><li>Rally support and organise activities
    12. 12. Discussing governance, gender, education issues
    13. 13. Open platform for expression
    14. 14. Improved access to print news media
    15. 15. Benefits NGOs and government cooperation
    16. 16. Exposure to knowledge from outside Cambodia
    17. 17. Easier contact with family and friends abroad</li></li></ul><li>Interviews with the netizens<br /> For Businesses: Social media unexploited<br /> For Government: Used for internal & external communication but not extensively<br /> Disadvantages of Social Media:<br /><ul><li>Abuse of platforms
    18. 18. Addiction to online games
    19. 19. Low privacy & information security
    20. 20. Believed by some parents to be harmful for children</li></li></ul><li>Case: Suitcase Campaign<br /> Started by Beth Kanter<br />Professional Blogger, Trainer & Consultant<br />Focuses on using new media tool to support NGOs<br />Aims: <br />Educate Cambodian users about the internet<br />Advance social media usage in Cambodia<br />Raise US$4000 in funding<br />Leverage on Twitter, ChipIn, Blogs for fund raising<br />
    21. 21. Case: Suitcase Campaign<br />Beth Kanter’s Footprints in Cambodia <br /><ul><li> Train-the-trainers workshop
    22. 22. Keynote welcome
    23. 23. A conference workshop on blogging and video blogging techniques
    24. 24. Identify and interview 3-5 outstanding Cambodian Bloggers
    25. 25. Bring a suitcase of donated technology and non-profit T-shirts
    26. 26. Document the learnings from this personal fundraising campaign</li></li></ul><li>The Cambodian Media Landscape<br />Digital media still at an early stage<br />Accessibility limited to few major cities<br />Netizen population still small, but gradually growing<br />Traditional media is still strong<br />
    27. 27. Useful Links<br />General information<br />News<br />Forums<br />Videos<br />Tourist Guides<br />Wiki travel<br />Backpackers guide<br />Our Wiki: http://comm215.wetpaint.com/page/Cambodia<br />
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