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Diabetes-slide show for presentation

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  • DIABETES MANAGEMENT TYPE TWO DIABETES Family initiative
  • What is Diabetes?
    • Diabetes is a long-term disorder with a raised level of sugar in the blood. When you have diabetes your body cannot use sugar properly because the insulin produced by your body does not work or because your body does not produce enough insulin.
  • Are you at risk of developing type two Diabetes?
    • If you have two or more of these risk factors regular checks with your doctor is recommended
    • High blood pressure and/or raised cholesterol levels
    • A family history of type two diabetes
    • Overweight
    • Previous heart attack or stroke
    • Increased risk from 40 years onwards
    • Of Maori, Pacific Island, Indian or Asian descent
  • What are the symptoms of type two diabetes?
    • Tiredness
    • Excessive thirst
    • Frequent urination
    • Blurred vision
    • Itchiness
    • Leg cramps
    • Loss of weight
    • Recurring infections eg: Thrush, bladder or skin infections
  • How many people in New Zealand are affected by type two diabetes?
    • Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes . In New Zealand, about 110,000 people have type 2 diabetes , and this number is rising rapidly in line with the increasing rates of obesity in all age groups.
  • Problems associated with type two diabetes
    • Result to the damage to blood vessels and nerves caused by high blood glucose (Hyperglycaemia)
    • Can include numbness and circulation problems in the feet causing serious ulcers and the possible need for amputations
    • Loss of vision through damage to the retina;
    • Impotence in men
    • Kidney damage and possible kidney failure requiring dialysis; and heart disease and stroke.
  • Family management methods
    • Promote healthy eating
    • Promote regular physical activity
    • Having regular check ups
  • Healthy eating plan
    • Stop eating excessive amounts of fats, oils, sugars, salt and limit alcohol intake
    • Eat some but not to much of starchy vegetables, breads, cereals, rice, pasta, dairy products and protein
    • Eat lots of non starchy vegetables and fruit, drinks (Diet soft drinks, water, trim milk)
  • Regular physical activity plan
    • Encourage any kind of physical activity that elevates heart rate e.g. walking, swimming, running, sporting activities for 20-30 minutes per day at least 3 times per week.
    • Families should aim to dedicate time to get active within the community promoting exercising as positive time spent for family interaction.
    • Taking children to the park or bike riding around the neighbourhood can be a cost free activity.
  • Regular check ups
    • Consistent check ups with health professionals
    • Self checking methods include
    • If blood sugar levels remain at a high level this can cause long term problems therefore you need to test your blood sugar levels regularly throughout the day
    • Before each meal and before bed or
    • Before breakfast and two hours after a meal or
    • As told by your doctor or diabetes educator
  • Management summary
    • Following the simple plans discussed above, management of diabetes can become a controllable task, making family life easier to manage, with the presence of a diabetic family member.
  • References
    • http://www.moh.govt.nz/diabetes
    • http://www.diabetes.org.nz/
    • http://www.nzhis.govt.nz/moh.nsf/pagesns/71
    • http://www.diabetes.org.nz/_media/documents/pdfs/Staying_well_with_Type_2_diabetes_191107.pdf
    • http://www.letsbeatdiabetes.org.nz/page/diabetes_
    • www.diabetes.org.nz
    • www.novonordisk.co.nz