Vietnam Accomplished by Vasilic Marina IRIM, 1LM3, 105A
Vietnam –officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam– is theeasternmost country onthe Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It isbordered by China to the north, Laos to thenorthwest, Cambodia to the southwest, and the South China Sea –referred to in Vietnam as the East Sea – to the east.
The official national language of Vietnam is Vietnameselanguage which is spoken by the majority of the population.
The Vietnamese dragon, which is derived from crocodile and snake imagery
Vietnams National Father,Lạc Long Quân, isdepicted as a holy dragon. TheÂu Cơ –Vietnams National Mother
Red Lotus – the national symbol of Vietnam. To the Vietnamese, the lotus is the symbol of purity, commitment and optimism for the future.
Lunar New Year (or Tet) - it is a sacred festival of everyVietnamese. It lasts for seven days and falls sometime between the lastweek of January and the third week of February, on the night of the new moon.
Water Puppet Festival held at Thay Pagoda, west of Hanoi
Buddhist festival at the Perfume Pagoda
Trung Thu Festival, also known as Childrens Day, when dragondances take place and children aregiven lanterns inthe shape of stars, carp or dragons.
Elephant Racing Festival is the most interesting traditional festival in the central High Land in Vietnam.
Jianzi. In this game, teams of 1 or 2 use their feet to kick theshuttlecock over the net. This is very similar to badminton withthe same scoring system. The game is Vietnams national sport and is played mostly in the capital Hanoi.
A key part of Vietnams culture is the "áo dài", worn for specialoccasions such as weddings, religious festivals and rituals, and special occasions.
Plain white "áo dài“ is a common high school uniform in the whole country.
CuisineVietnamese cuisine uses very little oil and many vegetables. The main dishes are often based on rice and soy sauce. Vietnamese cooks aim to preserve the freshness and natural taste of food asmuch as possible. Vietnamese cuisine mixes grilled meats, fresh vegetables, cold noodles, and all kinds of seafood dishes spiced with tamarind and chili. Hence Vietnamese cuisine is often considered as one of the healthiest foods in the world. world
Pho bo, noodle soup, Vietnams national dish
Bún Bò Huế, a spicy beef soup that is not for the faint- hearted; you may need a bottle of water nearby to wash down the chili peppers.
Bánh Xèo a pancake with green beans, shrimps and coconut milk.It is perhaps the most famousVietnamese Dish
“Banh Chung” (Chung cake) is a traditional and irreplaceable cake in the Tet Holidays and King Hung’s anniversary. For the Vietnamese, making “Banh Chung” is the ideal way to express gratitude to their ancestors and homeland.
Chop Sticks and Spoons are the common form of eating utensil
Traditional Music and Dance:
The dan bau is a traditional monochord instrument played withone hand bending a handle to modify pitch. It is one of the most distinct instruments of the Vietnamese tradition.
Ca trù - is an ancient genre of chamber music featuring female vocalists, with origins in northern Vietnam.
Hat Dance – it is like a symbol of Vietnam. The two main themesof hat dances are depicting womens grace and depicting daily life activities of common Vietnamese.
Lion dance - is a form of traditional dance in Vietnamese culture, in which performers mimic a lions movements in a lion costume.
The Lotus dance - got its origin in the royal court of feudalVietnam and was passed on from generations to generations.
Some Facts about Vietnam : Literacy crate in Vietnam is 94 per cent. Vietnam has one of the lowest unemployment rates in the Third World. Most common family name in Vietnam is NGUYEN (about 40% of population or more than 30 million people). Vietnamese people often say "Where are you going?" instead of "Hello" when they see each other. Avoiding eye contact is considered respectful when talking to Vietnamese people. Denying compliments is considered polite and equivalent to saying “thank you” . The Vietnamese language is one of the hardest to learn with six different tones to perfect. Potbelly pigs are used as pets in Vietnam. Vietnamese food specialty is ruou ran (snake wine). This is basically rice wine with a pickled snake floating in it. Vietnamese eat rice more than any country in the world. Vietnam is the only country in the world where people eat animal blood. The popular ones are pig blood, duck blood, dog blood, shrimp blood.
Madame Ngo DinhNhu was ranked asone of most elegantwomen of the 20th century.