HOW TO IDENTIFY HAZARDSIdentifying hazards in the workplace involvesfinding things and situations that couldpotentially cause harm to people. Hazardsgenerally arise from the following aspects ofwork and their interaction:• physical work environment• equipment, materials and substances used• work tasks and how they are performed• work design and management
Examples of common hazardsHazard Potential harmManual tasks Overexertion or repetitive movement can cause muscular strainGravity Falling objects, falls, slips and trips of people can cause fractures, bruises, lacerations, dislocations, concussion, permanent injuries or deathElectricity Potential ignition source. Exposure to live electrical wires can cause shock, burns or death from electrocutionMachinery and equipment Being hit by moving vehicles, or being caught by moving parts of machinery can cause fractures, bruises, lacerations, dislocations, permanent injuries or deathHazardous chemicals Chemicals (such as acids, hydrocarbons, heavy metals) and dusts (such as asbestos and silica) can cause respiratory illnesses, cancers or dermatitisExtreme temperatures Heat can cause burns, heat stroke or fatigue Cold can cause hypothermia or frost biteNoise Exposure to loud noise can cause permanent hearing damageRadiation Ultra violet, welding arc flashes, micro waves and lasers can cause burns, cancer or blindnessBiological Micro-organisms can cause hepatitis, legionnaires‟ disease, Q fever, HIV/AIDS or allergiesPsychosocial hazards Effects of work-related stress, bullying, violence and work-related fatigue
The risk management process• Identify hazards – find out what could cause harm• Assess risks if necessary – understand the nature of the harm that could be caused by the hazard, how serious the harm could be and the likelihood of it happening• Control risks – implement the most effective control measure that is reasonably practicable in the circumstances• Review control measures to ensure they are working as planned.
Assessing how things go wrong
Examples of a Safety Checklist SAFETY AUDIT CHECK LIST – EQUIPMENT 1. Safety Auditor’s Name ………………....……… Signature……………………........ /....../..... 2. Safety Auditor’s Name …………………....…… Signature……………………..... /......./...... 3. Other parties Name Init Date Name Init Date This checklist is to create awareness of what to look for in equipment, product and facilities. Anyone can take this list and complete a safety audit for assessment. This ensures we view all safety issues through different eyes. It’s an easy to use … Yes No Remarks Not Applicable type layout which encourages the safety auditor to look for general safety issues, but doesn’t limit the safety auditor to add "other" issues, comments or relevant information. It’s in two (2) parts – Equipment and Facilities. Always consider and read each part and tick the appropriate section and comment where necessary. EQUIPMENT: Name of Equipment: ITEM This is the item you are auditing appropriate column YES N/A NO REMARKS The blank space allows you to write a remark Extension cords in good condition and properly placed when in use (where allowed) Fuse boxes in good working condition and protected properly Lighting – adequate safe level, bulbs okay Electric motors clean and in proper alignment Safety devices all working on all equipment Electric cords properly located and in good repair Electrical equipment tested regularly and tagged? If applicable. Working area clean and space suitable for equipment use Pressure washer hoses in good conditions with no fraying or bulges Electrical safety checks current? and tagged Air lines to equipment in good safe condition Are electric motors well maintained and lubricated and free from dust and fluff? Are machine mountings, fittings and other attachments securely mounted to avoid or reduce noise and vibration? Are intake and exhaust mufflers in good condition? Are controllers and switches maintained to prevent current carrying contacts becoming badly worn, dirty or corroded?
Below are just some examples to watchout for:• Slippery floors.• Open cabinet / desk drawers.• Upper back and neck pain.• Overuse of the hands / wrists / arms.• Stairs.• Eye strain.• Fingers, hair, clothing caught.• Not enough breaks / stretching.• Trip / fall over power cord.• Headache from eye strain.• Too much / not enough lighting.• Awkward seat position / height.
OH&S Safety RepresentativeSarah Marshall has worked in the Occupational Healthand Safety area for more than 15 years and has anextensive range of experience that shows through herwork.If there are any concerns or suggestions that you mayhave, you can contact Sarah on 0400123456 or emailher at: email@example.com
Under the workplace health and safety act, we havean obligation to let our employees know about theOH&S policies and procedures in the company.Employees also have an obligation to abide by theserules and procedures in the correct way. As a newemployee for our graphic design studio, here is a list ofOH&S requirements that need to be addressed andmarked off:
• Knowledge of the nearest fire and emergency exits.• Posture when sitting needs to be in the correct position so that the back is fully straight not slouching.• Daily exercise and stretches need to be done to improve circulation and improving the posture of the body• Eyes need to be relaxed every 10 minutes by glaring at another object then back to the computer screen.• When lifting heavy items, need to bend the knees not the back and if unable to then have to call someone else for assistance.• If dealing with dangerous goods, need to make sure that the correct procedure is followed as stated on the information on the goods.• Employee’s duties to report any hazards or potential hazards in the workplace to the duty manager and/or the safety representative Sarah Marshall and document these in the company’s intranet service.Aware of where the first aid kit is. I ...........................................have read the OH&S policies and proceduresand have understood it. I have been explained what my obligations areand who to contact if have any questions. Staff number: Staff name: Title: Date...............
Equipment Safety ChecksTo maintain occupational, health and safety within abusiness like our graphic design studio, equipmentneeds to be maintained on a regular basis.Things such as:• Tagging items of where certain items are like first aid kit, up to date fire extinguishes.• Furniture and fixtures are in good condition and in working order.• Maintaining the condition of the computer peripherals such as cables wires and making sure that it is not broken or damaged.• First aid kits are in date.