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AT for Early Childhood
 

AT for Early Childhood

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PRESENTERS: Margaret Cisco and Kathy Privratsky

PRESENTERS: Margaret Cisco and Kathy Privratsky

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  • What is Play ?Definition:one of the ways children learn about themselves, the people around them, their environment and their community.it's an essential part of every child’s life and important to their development.through play, children learn to explore the world around them, develop and practice skills they will use throughout their lives.Play is defined as behaviour that is freely chosen,personally directed and intrinsically motivated.Clarification:Freely chosen means that or as free as is practicable given the constraints of the safety of the child. Personally directedis a process of trial and error; short cutting this process e.g. telling a child the ‘right way’ to hold a paint brush will deny children many of these first hand experiences. Wherever possible, the child should be in control of how they play. Intrinsically motivatedPlay is not performed for an external goal or reward. Play Workers should avoid contaminating the play process with their own agenda. Play is essential for:physical, emotional and spiritual growthintellectual and educational developmentsocial and behavioural skillsA child’s capacity for positive development will be inhibited if denied access to a range of stimulating play opportunities. Play often, though not always, implies a sense of fun for the child. 

AT for Early Childhood AT for Early Childhood Presentation Transcript

  • Assistive Technology of Alaska
    www.atlaak.org
    Assistive Technology
    For ILP and Preschool
    Margaret Cisco, ATLA AT Specialist
    Kathy Privratsky, ATLA Executive Director, AT Specialist, SLP
  • Housekeeping
    The Folder
    The Sign-In Sheet
    The Evaluations
    The Give-Away
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Alphabet Soup
    ATLA = Assistive Technology of Alaska
    DME = Durable Medical Equipment
    ECE = Early Childhood Education
    IEP = Individual Education Plan
    IFSP = Individual Family Service Plan
    OT = Occupational Therapist
    PT = Physical Therapist
    SESA = Special Education Service Agency
    SLP = Speech/Language Pathologist
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Objectives
    Know about the State Tech Act Project
    Understand the definition of Assistive Technology (AT)
    Be able to talk about why AT is important in the early years
    Be aware of AT options for the Early Years (no-tech, low tech, and high-tech)
    Understand one process for IFSP and IEP “AT Consideration”
    Be aware of Alaskan and Internet Resources
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • ATLA – Assistive Technology of Alaska
    Federal Tech Act Grant Project for Alaska
    Information and assistance
    Demonstrations
    Training Activities
    Re-use and recycle AT
    All Alaskans - birth through life
    Community living
    Education
    Employment
    ITT
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • ATLA – Assistive Technology of Alaska
    Other AT Grants
    Christopher Reeves
    Mental Health Trust
    Memory at Hand
    AT to Go
    Other Non-Profit Activities
    Ordering from a variety of AT vendors
    AT workshops
    AT assessments
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • What is Assistive Technology?
    • Any product or device – off the shelf, modified, or customized
    • Used by a person with a disability
    • To increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • What is AT for young children?
    ATisany tool that allows an infant, a toddler, or a young child with disabilities to “engage in everyday activities that promote development”
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • What Activities
    Promote Development?
    Children Learn By Doing.
    ~
    Play Is Their Work.
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Play Is…
    Learning Activity
    Essential to Development
    Behavior that is:
    Freely Chosen
    Personally Directed
    Intrinsically Motivated
    Fun for the Child and Play Partner(s)
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Benefits of AT in the Early Years
    The child who “can’t do that”
    becomes the child who “can do it with this support”
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Why AT in Earliest Years?
    Difficulty maintaining a stable posture
    Difficulty moving from place to place
    Difficulty seeing the toys or the model
    Difficulty hearing
    Difficulty grasping, holding, or moving objects
    Difficulty understanding the environment
    Difficulty speaking, gesturing, or pointing
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Considering AT
    Adapt the environment
    Adapt the presentation
    Adapt the materials
    Use common preschool items for new purposes
    Find out what AT is available
    Make an informed selection between AT tools
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Considering AT
    SETT MODEL
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • What AT is Available?
    Difficulty maintaining a stable posture
    Difficulty moving from place to place
    Difficulty seeing the toys or the model
    Difficulty hearing
    Difficulty grasping, holding, or moving objects
    Difficulty understanding the environment
    Difficulty speaking, gesturing, or pointing
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Maintaining a Stable Position
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Maintaining Position with AT
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • What AT is Available?
    Difficulty maintaining a stable posture
    Difficulty moving from place to place
    Difficulty seeing the toys or the model
    Difficulty hearing
    Difficulty grasping, holding, or moving objects
    Difficulty understanding the environment
    Difficulty speaking, gesturing, or pointing
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Moving With AT
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Moving With AT
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • What AT is Available?
    Difficulty maintaining a stable posture
    Difficulty moving from place to place
    Difficulty seeing the toys or the model
    Difficulty hearing
    Difficulty grasping, holding, or moving objects
    Difficulty understanding the environment
    Difficulty speaking, gesturing, or pointing
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Vision and Hearing
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • AT Vision Supports
    Considerations
    Lighting
    Glare
    Number of Toys
    Primary Colors, Black and White
    Contrast
    Shiny materials
    Familiarity
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • AT Vision Supports
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • What AT is Available?
    Difficulty maintaining a stable posture
    Difficulty moving from place to place
    Difficulty seeing the toys or the model
    Difficulty hearing
    Difficulty grasping, holding, or moving objects
    Difficulty understanding the environment
    Difficulty speaking, gesturing, or pointing
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • AT Support for Hearing
    • Considerations
    • Volume
    • Distance
    • Background
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Classroom Amplification
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • What AT is Available?
    Difficulty maintaining a stable posture
    Difficulty moving from place to place
    Difficulty seeing the toys or the model
    Difficulty hearing
    Difficulty grasping, holding, or moving objects
    Difficulty understanding the environment
    Difficulty speaking, gesturing, or pointing
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Working with Objects
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • AT for Working with Objects
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Switches for Activities
    +
    +
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Switches for Activities
    Many Types of Switches
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Switches for Activities
    Mounting systems
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Switch Selection and Placement
    Location, location, location
    Which body part moves with most voluntary control?
    How does it move and which switch works best with that movement?
    What switch placement allows that body part to be controlled most easily with least effort?
    What is the back-up body part and placement?
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Switch Adapted Activities
    +
    +
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Switch Adapted Activities
    +
    +
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Switch Adapted Activities
    +
    =
    +
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • What AT is Available?
    Difficulty maintaining a stable posture
    Difficulty moving from place to place
    Difficulty seeing the toys or the model
    Difficulty hearing
    Difficulty grasping, holding, or moving objects
    Difficulty understanding the environment
    Difficulty speaking, gesturing, or pointing
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Cognitive Supports
    Visual Supports - pictures
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Cognitive Supports
    Object Cues
    Objects the child understands
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Cognitive Supports
    Switch to learn cause and effect learning
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • What AT is Available?
    Difficulty maintaining a stable posture
    Difficulty moving from place to place
    Difficulty seeing the toys or the model
    Difficulty hearing
    Difficulty grasping, holding, or moving objects
    Difficulty understanding the environment
    Difficulty speaking, gesturing, or pointing
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • AT for Communication (AAC)
    Don’t get stuck on cause-effect
    • Calling for Attention
    • Request More
    • Choosing
    • Rejecting
    • Requesting
    Consider Low to High Tech Options
    Use AAC for Real and Dynamic Communication
    Don’t choose a device because it worked for someone else
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • AAC Devices - One + Messages
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • AAC Devices With Levels
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • AAC Devices - Dynamic Displays
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • State Resources
    Local ILP Programs and School Districts
    ATLA – Alaska’s Tech Act Project
    Call or email for information and assistance
    SESA – Special Education Service Agency
    Local Centers for Independent Living
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Internet Resources
    Tots-n-Tech
    http://tnt.asu.edu/ideas
    Let’s Play Project
    http://letsplay.buffalo.edu/
    Creative Communicating
    www.creativecommunicating.com/
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Reminder
    Turn in Evaluations
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org
  • Sharing
    Ideas
    ATLA
    www.atlaak.org