AAC Tools to Supports Communication

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PRESENTER: Cara Leckwold, CCC-SLP
What is AAC? How do I know when to seek out an AAC system? Join me for an hour-long introduction to AAC tools, from lite tech solutions, to high tech dynamic devices. As we look at each family of communication solutions, we will discuss potential uses and implementation of each type device.

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AAC Tools to Supports Communication

  1. 1. AAC Tools to Support Communication ATLA Webinar, August 19, 2010
  2. 2. The Goals of AAC
  3. 3. Functional Communication Requirements Communication Intents Light, 1988 To establish social closeness Expression of needs/wants Information Transfer Social Etiquette
  4. 4. Functional Communication Requirements Range of Communication Intents Greet, manipulate, relate information, agree/disagree, answer, ask questions, instruct others, ask for things, joke, express opinions, share information, express feelings, protest, describe, discuss interests, bargain, comment, request/attract attention, complain
  5. 5. Developmental Requirements Interaction (Pragmatics) Language (Semantics, Syntax) Operation (Intelligible, efficient, independent) Literacy
  6. 6. The Challenge of AAC “ A child who uses speech will independently select the words she wishes to use from the vast array of words she hears/sees every day. A child who uses AAC will independently select the words from the vocabulary other people have chosen to model, and for aided symbols, made available for her to use.” Porter & Kirkland, 1995, p. 93-94
  7. 7. Symbol Sets Boardmaker (Mayer-Johnson) Pogo Boards (AbleNet) Symbol Stix Widget PECS Many others are available, with different levels of vocabulary
  8. 8. Pogo Boards
  9. 9. Widget Symbols
  10. 10. PECS
  11. 11. No-Tech Communication Systems Picture Communication Cards Picture Communication Boards Picture Communication Books PECS Word Boards Letter Boards
  12. 12. Picture Communication Cards
  13. 13. Eye Gaze
  14. 14. Communication Boards
  15. 15. Picture Communication Book
  16. 16. PECS
  17. 17. Lite-Tech Communication Systems Single Message Devices
  18. 18. Lite-Tech Communication Systems Single Message Devices Single switch activates a single, recorded message Use for repeated lines, single messages, using cause/effect learning to engage in social activities Big Mack, Talking Symbols, Talking Picture Frames, GoTalk Button
  19. 19. Lite-Tech Communication Systems Single Message Sequential Devices
  20. 20. Lite-Tech Communication Systems Single Message, Sequential Devices Single switch activation Plays pre-recorded messages in a sequence Use for social scripts to increase social interaction, or to learn auditory 2-switch step scanning Sequencer, Step-by-Step Randomizer - plays pre-recorded messages randomly
  21. 21. Lite-Tech Communication Systems Multiple Message Communication Devices
  22. 22. Lite-Tech Communication Systems Multiple Message Communication Devices Plays pre-recorded messages Has 2 or more cells for messages Most devices have multiple levels Overlays required May or may not have scanning capabilities GoTalk, SuperTalker, Communication Builder, Activity Pad, Flash, Tech/Talk, Cheap Talk
  23. 23. High-Tech Communication Systems - Digitized Speech
  24. 24. High-Tech Communication Systems Digitized Speech Generating Device Dynavox M3 Dynamic communication device, requires navigation between “pages” Plays pre-recorded messages Uses words, symbols, photos, visual scenes
  25. 25. High-Tech Communication Systems
  26. 26. High-Tech Communication Systems
  27. 27. High-Tech Communication Systems
  28. 28. High-Tech Communication Systems Synthesized Speech Generating Device Dynavox, MyTobii, PRC, Tango Speech engine for text-to-speech production Dynamic communication device requires navigation between “pages” Plays pre-programmed messages Uses letters, words, symbols, photos, visual scenes Multiple access methods IR environmental controls
  29. 29. Hand Held Devices iPod, iTouch, iPhone, iPad
  30. 30. Proloquo2go
  31. 31. Proloquo2go
  32. 32. Speaking Images
  33. 33. iConverse
  34. 34. iCommunicate
  35. 35. Switches
  36. 36. Switches Switches are categorized by: Function Activation site - head, hand, eye, movement, etc. Amount of movement or pressure required to activate Assessment with an OT or PT can be very helpful in determining the correct switch and switch position
  37. 37. Environmental Controls
  38. 38. Environmental Controls SiCare (AbleNet) Pre-programmed menu structure IR and X-10 interfaces Easy-to-train IR learning Voice training with no computer required Convenient graphic display Auditory and Visual feedback "Direct Learning” infrared for easy programming with your existing remotes
  39. 39. Environmental Controls Relax (AbleNet) Controls up to four infrared devices and ten electrical devices with a single switch Can learn up to ten functions for each device, such as changing channels or volume Scanning provides auditory and visual feedback with adjustable scan speed
  40. 40. Environmental Controls Power Link 4 Powerful access with six modes of control Accurate programming and data collection like never before Flexible outlets allow custom positioning of up to two appliances, activating independently Linkable™ wireless technology for use with multiple Big or, Jelly Beamer switches Two switch input jacks

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