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GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY
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GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY

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The word and philosophy of Gandhian Marxism appear to be oxymoron, while Gandhiji espoused non violence, Marx advocated class disappearance by armed struggle. Pragati Nagar, social, economic and …

The word and philosophy of Gandhian Marxism appear to be oxymoron, while Gandhiji espoused non violence, Marx advocated class disappearance by armed struggle. Pragati Nagar, social, economic and physical eco system is designed to balance capitalism, spiritualism and holistic wellness of people creating a model village near Hyderabad. It is a village with urban amenities and infrastructure; it has cement roads; green platforms; lawns and road dividers all well planned by a seven hundred and twenty five former employees, of a public sector unit privatized by state which later disappeared in to the black hole of private profit from public property. Every person in the town has low cost access towards high quality education from primary to engineering, safe drinking water, sports facilities, secondary health care, prayer halls for all major faiths and modern gymnasium. The village has banned use of alcohol, gutka, and cool drinks and usage of plastics in the village. The tax collection is one hundred percent and financial success of local self governance is exceptional. The genesis of the urban village is unique. The union leaders were fighting the state which was planning to close the organization due to continued losses. Housing Committee of employees identified and constructed an ideal habitant for its members. The visionary leader for the project is Dayakar Reddy, with his team wanted to create a community of self governance with a difference that is with cost effective civic amenities, value based, transparent, consensus decision making and environmentally sensitive. Challenges are plenty for him to address the infrastructure issues. He and his team hired 500 construction experts, masons and builders. Procured material to have economical housing. At the same time the residents were fighting for their livelihood. They with their collective purchase capability bought all their milk and vegetables from the primary source eliminating the middle men. Pragati Nagar is the only panchayat in the country to have obtained ISO 9001:2000 and ISO 14001:2004. For administering common properties People Progress Trust was created with Mr.Sri Satyanarayana, Chairman, Emeritus, HRD Network, as trustee. He is an adjudicator, arbitrator and a Gandhian who does not own a house in the colony mentored from the genesis of village, the local governance model. Dayakar Reddy says this model may be replicated as it requires credibility, transparency and hard work. This case examines the process of attaining this status by using both qualitative and quantitative research tools to find happiness index of people, satisfaction with self governance model, and the evolution of the leadership model based on values of honesty to create a self sufficient village economy in India. The research results indicate that the model is an example of attaining tipping point for local self governance with excellent financial success. It also examines the likely challenges and recommends the need for promoting and replication of the model by way of spread.

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  • Dear Ah_livia, Greetings and thank you very much for your encouraging words. It is really invigorating for me to know that some of the thoughts are being appreciated by brothers and sisters. Thank you very much and i will work towards what you have given me a path to be inspirational.
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  • Dear brother Prof. Prabhakar,
    your response is a great example of responsible responses.
    May I invite you to contribute a slide to my new presentation Organize and Analyze. You shall enrich it. Just a slide of your choice or whatever crosses your mind. Amazingly, my good friend Charles Prabakar contributed one slide. (You see how close your names are).
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  • Dear Ali Anani, Thank you very much for an excellent analysis. I never knew that i could prepare presentations that are good. I agree with you regarding your comment of enjoyment. It is most important part and in my future research i will try to incorporate the concept of enjoyment and happiness cannot exist without enjoyment. Thank you very much i will work on self organizing approach. Dearest brother, thanks for your time. It gives me really fulfilling experience to have received your comments.
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  • ’Educational presentation,’ indeed!!!

    For me this was a very inspirational presentation because I am always thinking of ways to combine ethics and capitalism. It was helpful to know how previous change agents did it.

    Nice integration of Youtube videos: short length and appropriate content.

    My favorite quote was on slide 28 ’Happiness, satisfaction, ethics, values and pollution free environmental living is also followed by financial success.’ VERY INSPIRATIONAL
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  • Hello Prabhakar,
    This is unusually striking presentation that is packed with ideas. To cut my comment short, I loved your slides and in particular:
    Slide 18: The rationale for the study is sound and utterly convincing
    Slide 22: I differ on the definition of happiness> Enjoyment is greater and more lasting than happiness. I would say the opposite that happiness is the daughter of enjoyment
    Slide 28: I totally agree that financial success is a result and mostly comes from good and positive emotions. These emotions such as happiness cause financial success
    Slide 34: This is a very interesting slide. I believe this is a form of self-organizing approach. That is why the Happiness Index is high
    Dear friend, congratulations on such an informative and educational presentation
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  • Case Study on Gandhian Marxism with Ethics and Values of Sustainability Coexisting with Capitalism; Lal Salam to Governance of Dayakar Reddy 26/12/11 Internaional Conference on Entrepreneurship and new Venture Creation;Indian Institute of Management (B)
  • Case Study on Gandhian Marxism with Ethics and Values of Sustainability Coexisting with Capitalism; Lal Salam to Governance of Dayakar Reddy 26/12/11 Internaional Conference on Entrepreneurship and new Venture Creation;Indian Institute of Management (B) Hyderabad Allwyn Limited (HAL)-Voltas HAL was incorporated in 1942 and is engaged in the manufacture of refrigerators and compressors, watches, steel furniture, bus bodies and LPG cylinders. It has factories in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Its immovable property covers 146 hectares (360 acres) of which 24 hectares (60 acres) comprise Sanatnagar plant located in the heart of Hyderabad city with Andhra Pradesh government holding 70 per cent (Rs 194 million) of its paid-up equity share capital. HAL was a dividend paying company till March 1990 but its operations suffered a set-back in 1990-91.It had 11,300 workers as on 31 March 1993. Due to continued losses and industrial sickness [1] of the unit caused by sudden onset of competition, it has been referred to Board for Industrial & Financial Reconstruction [2] during the year 1993 by Government of Andhra Pradesh. That is the time India was entering into the era globalization. In February 1992 The Andhra Pradesh Government had invited offers from about 200 companies and institutions for transfer of a controlling interest in the share capital and management of HAL. Voltas had in response suggested an amalgamation of HAL with Voltas. Voltas by that time was not a successful [3] organization and its machinery division had a sever set back. However, government for reasons not documented was willing to part with the HAL assets at throw away price of one rupee twelve paisa per square yard [4] while the market value at that time was eight thousand rupees. As an ex-Board for Industrial & Financial Reconstruction (BIFR) chief said decades ago (of ailing private units): the sicker the units grew, the healthier (financially) [5] the owners got [6] , according to P.Sainath present rural editor of The Hindu. The Proposed scheme of amalgamation provides for transfer of all assets and liabilities of HAL to Voltas with effect from 1st April 1993.Accordingly, Voltas on amalgamation carried on the business activities of HAL except bus building. The scheme also provides for taking back staff of only 5000 by Voltas and also provides for availing of the tax benefits of the carry forward accumulated business losses of HAL estimated at Rs 1005 million as on 31st March, 1993 for the benefit of Voltas expecting the organization will ensure continuity of the unit by government. In the Director's Report on 4th April 1994, the directors mentioned about the merger of HAL in the following words. “ BIFR approved the amalgamation of Hyderabad Allwyn Ltd. (HAL) with Voltas on 4th April, 1994 retrospectively from 1st April 1993… Your directors record their appreciation of the Andhra Pradesh State Government's decision to share these losses with the company.” It may be discerned that government sold the unit, which is a property of people, was given on a platter without much after thought to make privatization work. The out of the way in which the Voltas was helped is documented in the Directors note. However in reality none of the products are manufactured with required commitment and ultimately the operations were wound up in early 2000 by selling all land and real estate assets at several million times higher than the cost at which they were purchased. It may be discerned that getting rid of the employees was the major issue of both government and the business house rather than to run it effectively and efficiently and in the process make private profit. This provides another case of private profit with public money an effect of trickle down economics pioneered during those days (Chomsky, 1993). [1] The term industrial sickness goes beyond bankruptcy. It is described as the extreme state where accumulated losses exceed the net worth. (Anent et al, 1985) [1] [2] Board for Industrial & Financial Reconstruction was set up in January, 1987 and functional with effect from 15th May 1987. Government companies were brought under the purview of The Sick Industrial Companies (Special Provisions) Act, 1985 in 1991 determining industrial sickness, taking appropriate steps for revival of viable units or closure of unviable units. (http://bifr.nic.in) [3] http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/voltas-ltd/infocompanyhistory/companyid-12815.cms [4] Square yard is nine square feet. [5] Added by the researchers. [6] http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/columns/sainath/article2470835.ece
  • Case Study on Gandhian Marxism with Ethics and Values of Sustainability Coexisting with Capitalism; Lal Salam to Governance of Dayakar Reddy 26/12/11 Internaional Conference on Entrepreneurship and new Venture Creation;Indian Institute of Management (B) Initiative of Workers Co Creation for Prosperity Sensing that privatization of Government during 1990s, is likely to affect livelihood of workmen Dayakar Reddy had plan to establish a housing colony for the workers as 90% of them have no permanent residence. He initiated the project of finding a place to live for workers. He examined 60 different places in Hydrabad and selected the present location after enough deliberations and purchased 80 acres [1] and named it as Pragathinagar [2] and a square yard was purchased for rupees 110. However, the place lacked all basic facilities. A committee headed by Dr.Pratap Reddy, Dayakar Reddy as secretary was formed with Satyanarayana, then General Manager of Human Resources at Hydrabad Allwyn as Mentor for the project. Initially the view of the workmen is to get plots allotted to them with one room with an attached bathroom and lavatory and not to construct houses. At this juncture role of mentor was crucial. Being general manager of the organization he established credibility as a people oriented person and strongly believed that an engaged employee is a the greatest asset to an organization. Strong leadership of Dayakar Reddy with meaningful mentoring of workers by Satyanarayana a plan was worked out and three sets of model homes are offered to the workers; 374 [3] square feet, 461 square feet and 734 [4] square feet land. The land costs are to be paid from the provident fund administered by Employee Provident Fund Organization [5] and from their savings. In order to construct houses LIC Housing Finance Corporation was convinced by Dayakar Reddy and Satyanarayana to provide loans; workers accepted the plan with some of them with great reluctance-some went to the extent of physical fights. Dayakar Reddy attributes this success to avagahana [6] meaning understanding and appreciation and this ensured gurthimpu [7] visibility and being brutally honest with the people that led to acceptance of his leadership . Seven hundred and twenty five workers opted for various plots. Satyanarayana opted out of having any house to ensure that there is not self interest. Dayakar Reddy and all members’ plots are allocated based on the lottery conducted at the meeting of all members, to show others that they are not for cornering the prime locations. These are the key confidence building measures in the leadership of the housing society that made the people to accept and follow their vision. They planned to construct the houses before 31 December 1993 and the project was to be completed in one and half years. At this juncture there is a need to examine how happy people are and their attitude towards governance need to be measured. If the index indicates sufficient evidence that the people are happy and express satisfaction with respect to the governance and financial success of running of local self governance, the evidence will justify further analysis. [1] One acre comprises 4,840 square yards 43,560 square feet or about 4,050 square meters (0.405 hectares). [2] Pragathi in Telugu means progress; Nagar is a shorter form for nagaram meaning town or village. [3] 1BHK indicating one bedroom, hall and kitchen [4] 2BHK indicating two bedroom, hall and kitchen. [5] The Employees' Provident Fund Organisation is a statutory body of the Government of India under the Ministry of Labour and Employment. It administers a compulsory contributory Provident Fund Scheme, Pension Scheme and an Insurance Scheme. It is one of the largest social security organizations in the world in terms of people covered and the volume of financial transactions. The total financial corpus managed by the EPFO is approximately$50 billion. [6] అవగాహనా   a Telugu word for understanding and appreciation. [7] గుర్తింపు   a Telugu word for visibility and acceptance.
  • Case Study on Gandhian Marxism with Ethics and Values of Sustainability Coexisting with Capitalism; Lal Salam to Governance of Dayakar Reddy 26/12/11 Internaional Conference on Entrepreneurship and new Venture Creation;Indian Institute of Management (B) Research has been undertaken with respect to press reports, certificates and other documents available as secondary sources of data. The reports are impressive, authentic and balanced pointing out both positive and negative aspects of the model. Based on the secondary data, case study authors decided to stay in the village for three days, live with the residents and conduct a series of focus group discussions and arrived at the objectives. The initial interviews showed that people are happy being in Pragathinagar. However, there is no parallel model could be identified. Two similar panchayat models are examined. The panchayat at Kuthambakkam Village [1] near Tamilnadu headed by Elango Ramaswamy [2] , who established local governance as an antithesis to the caste discrimination by participating in the local elections with no political affiliation. With focus on local economy he established a self sufficient local consumption model with 80% of the goods and services purchased from cluster of seven villages. The model is based on local self sufficiency and self governance to ensure higher living standard of poor who are living below poverty line. Relegan Siddhi [3] is another example of local governance based on leadership of Anna Hazare [4] . The environmental concern, honesty, integrity and transparency of self governance are key commonalities of Relegan Siddhi and Pragathinagar. However, it is a rural experiment in self governance with strong religious underpinning. Pragathinagar is a satellite village for metropolitan town Hyderabad, developed itself as a model village with all urban amenities. There are villages in different parts of the country that are under the Communist Leadership and similar success is not reported if political ideology is considered as a single factor. Dayakar Reddy and his team avoided any cult like following that is likely to happen with such successful models. They are not ambitious to enter higher levels of political echelons. The intersections of these factors make it unique and offer itself as an ideal ground for study. Based on the secondary data research the following objectives are designed. [1] http://www.modelvillageindia.org.in/ [2] An interview with Elango Ramasamy http://www.lifepositive.com/Mind/Community/Village_Governance_The_Only_Way_Forward32009.asp . [3] http://www.annahazare.org/ralegan-siddhi.html [4] http://www.annahazare.org/
  • Case Study on Gandhian Marxism with Ethics and Values of Sustainability Coexisting with Capitalism; Lal Salam to Governance of Dayakar Reddy 26/12/11 Internaional Conference on Entrepreneurship and new Venture Creation;Indian Institute of Management (B) Both qualitative and quantitative research methodology is used for present study. To measure the subjective well being of the residents 29 item Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (Hills and Argyle, 2002) is used. Five point Likert Scale is used in the present research. The questionnaire is translated into Telugu for ease of understanding. Another set of 17 questions are designed to find the satisfaction levels with the governance of local panchayat. The validity is established with discussion with experts from CEO Explore. Focus group discussions are conducted with Panchayat Members. Dialogic [1] methodology is used to meet the objectives. Dialogical analysis refers to a way of analyzing human communication which is based on the theory of  dialogism. Dialogism assumes that human communication entails the interaction of diverse perspectives, is embedded in a socio-historical context that the meaning of a communication can be different to the various participants, that it is important to examine the consequences of a communication that each participant in a communication is, to some degree, orienting to the orientation of the other. For the present research each one of them are indoctrinated to a large extent in the Marxist philosophy, but adopted to the coexistence with capitalism. However, they did not shift their loyalty as hardcore capitalists. They internalized the values of non exploitation of workers and sharing the surplus value created among workers. These dimensions make Dialogical analysis as an ideal tool for bringing divergent views to a convergence without loosing the diffusion of thoughts. Dialogical analysis is an interpretative methodology which closely analyzes spoken or written utterances or actions for their embedded communicative significance. Therefore all the interviews are recorded and uploaded in Vimeo and YouTube. Typical questions asked during the interaction by the case study authors include; What does each one of them think about themselves, the others, their leader, about people and what the other thinks of them? What do the given utterances and actions imply about the given activity or participants? Why was a given communicative act performed - why they say like that? What was the alternative that the utterance was trying to dispel what has been said by others? People found to borrowing words, phrases and ideas from other people, and accordingly, in the present dialogical analysis it has been observed who is doing the talking? Specifically, which voices and echoes are evident in the given utterance? The words used in Telugu and their translations are given to preserve the meaning and context in which they are spoken. [1] Dialogic  and  dialogism  often refer to the concept used by the  Russian  philosopher  Mikhail Bakhtin (circa 1960) in his work of literary theory  The Dialogic Imagination . Bakhtin contrasts the dialogic and the "monologic" work of literature. The dialogic work carries on a continual  dialogue  with other works of literature and other authors. w
  • Case Study on Gandhian Marxism with Ethics and Values of Sustainability Coexisting with Capitalism; Lal Salam to Governance of Dayakar Reddy 26/12/11 Internaional Conference on Entrepreneurship and new Venture Creation;Indian Institute of Management (B) Happiness Index Happiness is an emotional state that is characterized by feelings of enjoyment, pleasure, and satisfaction. Happiness means different things to different people, for some it is the attainment of a life goal or contributing to the lives of others. Ones values guide every decision. The study has witnessed the formation of two relatively distinct, yet overlapping, perspectives and paradigms for empirical inquiry into well-being that revolve around two distinct philosophies. The first of these can be broadly labeled hedonism (Kahneman, Diener & Schwarz, 1999) and reflects the view that wellbeing consists of pleasure or happiness. The second view, both as ancient and as current as the hedonic view, is that well-being consists of more than just happiness. It lies instead in the actualization of human potentials. This view has been called eudaimonism (Waterman 1993), conveying the belief that well-being consists of fulfilling or realizing one’s true nature. The two traditions—hedonism and eudaimonism—are founded on distinct views of human nature and of what constitutes a good society. Based on these two concepts, developmental and social processes relate to well-being, and their explicit and implicit prescriptions to process of living. For the present study eudaimonism is found to be more appropriate for village and taken up for study. Twenty nine item scale created by Oxford Psychologists Argyle and Peter Hills is adopted for the study. Four hundred residents are randomly selected and questionnaire was distributed. Three hundred and twenty four were found to have complete. The Likert Scale for each of the statements consists of strongly disagree to strongly agree is summated and results are presented.
  • Case Study on Gandhian Marxism with Ethics and Values of Sustainability Coexisting with Capitalism; Lal Salam to Governance of Dayakar Reddy 26/12/11 Internaional Conference on Entrepreneurship and new Venture Creation;Indian Institute of Management (B) Table 1 Happiness Index Scores of residents of Pragathinagar 1I don’t feel particularly pleased with the way I am (R)* 42I am intensely interested in other people.33I feel that life is very rewarding.4.14I have very warm feelings towards almost everyone.3.75I rarely wake up feeling rested.( R )3.16I am not particularly optimistic about the future.( R )3.37I find most things amusing. 48I am always committed and involved. 4.19Life is good.3.910I do not think that the world is a good place. (R)3.311I laugh a lot.3.612I am well satisfied about everything in my life3.413I don’t think I look attractive. (R)3.514There is a gap between what I would like to do and what I have done.(R)2.915I am very happy.3.816I find beauty in some things.417I always have a cheerful effect on others.3.818I can fit in (find time for) everything I want to.3.819I feel that I am not especially in control of my life.( R )320I feel able to take anything on.3.921I feel fully mentally alert.3.922I often experience joy and elation.3.923I don’t find it easy to make decisions. (R)324I don’t have a particular sense of meaning and purpose in my life. (R)3.725I feel I have a great deal of energy.426I usually have a good influence on events.3.727I don’t have fun with other people. (R)3.828I don’t feel particularly healthy. (R)3.8829I don’t have particularly happy memories of the past. (R)3.84Total3.62* R indicates that the scores are to be reversed. Argyle and Peter Hills (2002) indicated that if the scores of the people are 4 they can be considered as happy based on studies in different parts of the world. With 3.62, with no similar data available in India it may be argued that the residents are happy. Table 2 Satisfaction with the Local Governance 1I am living with nature and happy about it4.12I feel totally safe from physical danger3.53I am living in an ideal place for my children and family44Local governance makes me a happy citizen3.65I like to live in a place with no alcohol shops4.36I do not like if Gutka is available here though it helps me overcome stress.4.67Usage of plastic is not necessary though they are cheap and convenient for me. 4.28I am happy to pay taxes as I get better services needed 3.739My family happiness is more than my personal happiness.4.410If I have a say in local governance it is good411For local governance you require Leaders who are selfless and they need not be having Impeccable character.3.712I am happy to join in the feast along with all residents of the colony, irrespective of caste religion and region.4.313Imposing Penalties is the right way to make people behave as responsible citizens.3.914Place of living reflects person’s personality415Local leadership is more important than Regional and National leadership416Political affiliation is irrelevant in local governance3.517Local leadership is honest, dedicated & most effective in my village to serve my needs3.7Total 3.968 The summated scores of satisfaction with respect to different dimensions is 3.968, indicating that the residents agree with the majority statements establishing high level of satisfaction.
  • Case Study on Gandhian Marxism with Ethics and Values of Sustainability Coexisting with Capitalism; Lal Salam to Governance of Dayakar Reddy 26/12/11 Internaional Conference on Entrepreneurship and new Venture Creation;Indian Institute of Management (B)
  • Case Study on Gandhian Marxism with Ethics and Values of Sustainability Coexisting with Capitalism; Lal Salam to Governance of Dayakar Reddy 26/12/11 Internaional Conference on Entrepreneurship and new Venture Creation;Indian Institute of Management (B) Financial Analysis The financial status of the Gram Panchayat is obtained from the audited balance sheets submitted to Government. The complete details are provided in the appendix II. Does good governance lead to better revenue? Being a Marxist led panchayat how much will be the salary bill of the organization? What is the capital expenditure of the panchayat? If there is honesty and integrity on the part of the leaders will it lead to better tax compliance? These are some of the questions that will be answered by the financial analysis. There are 100% tax collections and none of the residents have dues either house tax or water tax to the end of fiscal year 31 March 2011. The residents expressed their happiness to pay taxes as they are getting value for money for the services rendered by the panchayat. From 2002-2010, the panchayat has a created a surplus of rupees 1,80,67,256, which is approximately 18 million rupees. The salary bill of the panchayat is 6.54% of the total expenditure and 4.87% of the total revenue. 71.29% of the total expenditure is used for building roads and creating capital assets and amenities. For the past 8 years, these figures clearly indicate that honest governance with leadership dedicated to the values will lead to financial success. Having established the model success in the dimensions of happiness, satisfaction with self governance and financial sustainability, it is appropriate to examine the leadership aspects. The strong financial success indicate learning orientation of the leader and the team. They are no more orthodox communists. They would like to have efficiency and effectiveness indicated by least spending on salaries and wages.
  • Case Study on Gandhian Marxism with Ethics and Values of Sustainability Coexisting with Capitalism; Lal Salam to Governance of Dayakar Reddy 26/12/11 Internaional Conference on Entrepreneurship and new Venture Creation;Indian Institute of Management (B) The focus group discussion is conducted with the following objectives. What makes them to sacrifice when others found that there is no need for it? Why do individuals like some goals that they voluntarily set? Which mechanisms help a person or a group of persons to strive for goals for which they apparently have limited capabilities for the tasks they were assigned? What leadership dimensions help the process of achieving these goals which could not be achieved in India? The first question may be illustrated by an interview with Aruna, on sacrifices of her husband Dayakar Reddy. She understood the likely sacrifices to be made when Dayakar Reddy reached marriage hall two hours late with soiled dress wanting to complete the ceremony within next hour so that he can attend a party meeting. This is one of the glimpses of innumerable sacrifices he and his team have undertaken to create new sociological experiment. The first key driver for their movement of self governance is that they are keen to prove to the world that neither they can be considered as unemployable as they are aged and set with a public sector mindset. Many of them had a service of more than fifteen years before closure and they are not apologetic about their union activities; many of them are proud of their affiliation and continued to attend meetings of Communist Party (Marxist). Cooperative mindset, with strong sense of camaraderie based on values of honesty, integrity, selflessness, non exploitation of weaker sections and grouping not based on caste, religion or geographical affinity is the prime premise on which the village governance was designed according to Surya Prakash who is associated with the Allwyn from 1988 and with Pragathinagar genesis expressed this view which is accepted and elaborated by others. What are the implicit and explicit motives that made these workmen to achieve excellence in all their activities? How a group of villagers did not succumb to the temptation of behavioural impulses such as taking liquor or smoking which are not illegal? An analogy may be borrowed from American civil war, the losers of war from southern states grew deeply religious [1] ; in the absence of religion and inability fully focus on Marxist thoughts in public; it may be hypothesized that residents found hope in creating local self governance that is started with emphasis on morals such as not consuming alcohol, smoking, making environment greener and accepting collective simplicity. The growth of Hyderabad city did give rise to the incomes of the people who started occupying the rented houses constructed by the residents that ensured higher income. However, the collective simplistic living got internalized and the new residents started accepting the norms. In the process the safety of the property due to community policing, healthy environment, and safety for women as one interviewee has told that she came many a times at 11.30 pm due to her vocation in the night after completing her work and residents felt totally safe. This also helped the residents to realise higher rents, which the tenants are willing to pay for. It is a syntropic [2] kind of relationship where each instance lead impact other events and ultimately being impacted by others. Though American civil war analogy is quoted a more rigorous process is undertaken. Dialogic Method is adopted to understand the social under pinning of combining the Gandhian philosophy with that of Marxist ideals. The first observation is the existence of strong volitional trait among all the members that made them to work for the cause, which is the focus of Gandhian way of life [3] . Volition can be defined as an array of self regulatory strategies to support explicit action tendencies against competing behavioural impulses. This concept of volition is related to willpower (Metcalfe & Mischel, 1999; Mischel, 1996, 1999), self-control (Ainslie & Haslam, 1992; Muraven & Baumeister, 2000), and self-regulation (Kuhl & Fuhrmann, 1998) which formed basis for Gandhian thought who said swaraj [4] is self-control. Self control and self regulation was provided by the leadership who walked the talk. Without the leadership commitment and performance the momentum generated would not have sustained even though the workmen are indoctrinated in the ideals. Dayakar Reddy and his teams efforts to constantly reinforce their commitment as expressed by Sriramulu, Vali, the convener of Village Development Committee, Karunashree, resident by way of a story explaining why Pragathinagar is a model village ( ఆదర్శ కాలనీ ) [5] . A discussion on different motives and perceived abilities will be appropriate here. Implicit motives are related to unconscious needs (Maslow, 1943) and basic organismic needs (Deci &Ryan, 2000). They are not consciously accessible; they are subconsciously aroused and lead to preferences. The three motives are power, achievement and affiliation. While Thematic Apperception Test is suggested to be most appropriate, McCelland et al, (1989), observed that systematic self observation is one more method that can be used to find the implicit motives. Each one of the ward members has written a compilation of their thoughts published on the occasion of decennial celebrations (1997-2007) is accessed and appropriate inferences are obtained to discern the implicit motives. Explicit motives are the reasons people self-attribute for their actions. McCelland et al, (1989) to replace values for self-attribute. This indicates that the values can be accessed with the help of focus group interview. Perceived abilities are “an organism’s capacity to interact efficiently with its environment”. Perceived is being considered in this research compared to that of actual abilities as the actual abilities by way of education and other attributes showed no relation to performance. Moreover Ajzen (1991) has argued that if the focus is on motivationally relevant antecedents of behaviour and the dynamics in which these factors combine, perceived abilities are “of great psychological interest”. In the present case though many of them were workmen with diploma in engineering and training at Allwyn, they did compensate for their lack of competence with volitional regulation. Cognitive investigators propose that higher order cognitive preferences, may temporarily override lower-order, automatic behavioural impulses. Volitional regulation helps in regulating intrapersonal conflicts including resisting temptation, overcoming fear and persisting in serious tasks (Ainslie & Haslam, 1992; Bazerman et al., 1998; Kanfer & Heggestad, 1997). The intrapersonal conflicts are resolved by attention control, emotional control and motivation control. The attention control is achieved by them by participating in the street plays conducted by Praja Natya Mandali [6] and creating a branch in the village where the village artists performing once in two weeks at the open air theatre of the village; researcher has met Mr.Basavalingaih who is one of the ten best directors in the country who trains artists on People’s Theatre. Emotional control is achieved by way of adjusting their emotional states. The residents did not loose their faith in God despite their left leanings. Common properties are assigned to Temple, Mosque and Church where regular rituals are conducted to cater to the spiritual needs. In the neighbouring colony, which is one of the largest has large number of temples constructed catering to each caste. This was avoided by Pragathinagar. Each religion is offered specific place and their religious activities are confined to that place only. However, Pragathinagar neither promoted religion nor prevented religion practices, considering its impact on the people. These are the factors that ensured the stickiness factor. It is counter intuitive. There are no exhortations, there are no giant size cut-outs of leaders as generally practiced in the political arena, no cult like following, and no personalities are projected, there is no muscle power to coerce people to fall in line strongly suggesting the volitional trait and Gandhian thought of self-control. [1] http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/cwsouth.htm [2] Each event impacts other events and the present event is also impacted by others. [3] This site provides authentic information on Gandhian Thoughts. http://www.mkgandhi.org/ [4] Swaraj meaning self-rule in Hindi. [5] ఆదర్శ కాలనీ The word used by Karunashree in the special edition of decennial celebrations. [6] Praja Natya Mandali is a branch of the  Indian People’s Theatre Association  or IPTA. This was started in 1943. By 1948 it had ushered in a new cultural movement in Andhra Pradesh.( http://www.indianetzone.com/32/praja_natya_mandali_indian_theatre.htm ), ( http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lHJ6xxs7P24&feature=related )
  • Case Study on Gandhian Marxism with Ethics and Values of Sustainability Coexisting with Capitalism; Lal Salam to Governance of Dayakar Reddy 26/12/11 Internaional Conference on Entrepreneurship and new Venture Creation;Indian Institute of Management (B) Tipping Point Before acceptance of the idea of governance, few people championed the idea. These people are driven by passion to prove themselves who are out of jobs, but driven by values which are not popular across sections or government. These individuals advocated the idea of local self governance for the benefit of all, voluntarily accepting simplicity as a way of life an ideal of Gandhiji. The salaries or the expenses they accepted for doing the voluntary work are minimal. The Marxist thought process provided the stickiness factor, where ideology takes precedence over individual preferences, sacrifice is expected and strong unity is stressed. One of the key dimensions of Dayakar Reddy’s leadership is he never appreciated anyone for their work as told by Sudhir Reddy. Dayakar Reddy said that selflessness and honesty is expected out of every one, and if task is performed according to the needs of the people, everyone being part of masses will be benefitted. The fact is performing task itself provide them with the needed motivation. This is counter intuitive to the modern management that emphasizes the need for non monetary benefits. The ideology provides a solace that working for the cause of masses is the duty of every member. The question is what factors provided Power of Context? They are as follows ; Leadership of Dayakar Reddy and small group of twelve and a large group of seven hundred families with focus on class struggle and wanting prove themselves; continued judicial reverses; the mentorship of Satyanarayana to follow path of Gandhian values and not to go for violence and belief in satyamevajathe [1] ; honesty, transparency, willingness to adopt leadership; isolation by way of creation of a separate panchayat; dissatisfaction and wide spread corruption at different levels in various forms of governance in different parts of the state; area that is not extending more than 850 acres and total population of 30000 ( as per census 2011); conviction in green economy; influential changes such as banning of gutka, alcohol sales, use of plastics and fines for non payment of taxes, community policing that provided safety to property and women endeared women and men; the economic boom due to globalization and industrialization of Hydrabad with the advent of software organizations provided employment and economic growth. [1] సత్యమేవజేయతే   "Satyamevajathe" ( "Truth Alone Triumphs") is a  Hindu  mantra from the ancient scripture  Mundaka Upanishad . Upon independence of  India , it was adopted as the  national motto  of India.  ( www.wikipedia.com )
  • Case Study on Gandhian Marxism with Ethics and Values of Sustainability Coexisting with Capitalism; Lal Salam to Governance of Dayakar Reddy 26/12/11 Internaional Conference on Entrepreneurship and new Venture Creation;Indian Institute of Management (B)
  • Case Study on Gandhian Marxism with Ethics and Values of Sustainability Coexisting with Capitalism; Lal Salam to Governance of Dayakar Reddy 26/12/11 Internaional Conference on Entrepreneurship and new Venture Creation;Indian Institute of Management (B) Water Management Water management was identified as a key focus area by the panchayat. In order reduce incidence of disease water from Manjeera is obtained by laying pipeline for 2.5 kilo meters to get 1.85 lakh gallons of water every day at the cost of 55 lakhs. Each family consisting of two adults and children are provided with one thousand and five hundred litres of water. During 1997 there was a big storm and forty houses are inundated with water for one year. During this time the residents are provided with alternate accommodation and the complete village started taking care of the needs of the families. Panchayat board constructed a storm water drain to ensure that all excess water is emptied into the near by lake and the village was with no flood waters enter its homes. One hundred percolation tanks are constructed to store rain water. Sewage Treatment Plant One of the most successful plans of the panchayat is the sewage treatment plant. The sewage treatment plant has a capacity of 2.5 million litres per day. It includes physical, chemical, and biological processes to remove contaminants. Its objective is to produce an environmentally-safe fluid waste stream and a solid waste suitable for disposal or reuse as fertilizer. The water is reused for recharging the ground water, cleaning purposes and for plantation. The plant works for twenty hours a day to the tune of 70% capacity presently. People’s Hospital The basic value premise for health care is “should never look at the bottom-line as guiding force and extend service to as many people as possible and make no profit out of sickness of human beings. This made the doctors feel fulfilled as they are living with ethics with no financial pressure from the hospital administration. The salaries and consultancies doctors earn is 45% of the market rates. Initially three departments Gynecology, General Surgery, Pediatrics started functioning. Later Dental, Orthopedics, Physiotherapy and Dermatology departments are added. There are 100 employees - Doctors and staff together. Sixty of them are the employees of trust. Pharmacy responsibility was entrusted to an voluntary retired scheme [1] employee of Allwyn .with Profit sharing is 30% : 70% ratio between the partner and Trust . Consultant rooms and other facilities provided by the Trust. No targets are given to physicians to achieve financial goals of the hospital. Initially the price point offered was twenty rupees for any patient and this was looked down by people. Laboratory tests which are used as a razor and blades business model, where the consultation charges are less and laboratory tests are of high cost as practiced by most hospitals is discouraged. From July 2011 the hospital has reached break-even point.
  • Transcript

    • 1. GANDHIAN MARXISM WITH ETHICS AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY COEXISTING WITH CAPITALISM: LAL SALAM TO GOVERNANCE OF DAYAKAR REDDY Presentation by Dr. K. Prabhakar & P. Srilatha
    • 2. International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B) Gandhian Marxism
      • While Marx advocated class annihilation & class struggle , Gandhiji advocated Satyagraha & Non-violence
      • Can we combine these two philosophies and have a governance model that will be fulfilling to all the people ?
      • It is possible to have political experiment of coexistence of philosophies of Marx and Gandhiji, breathing with ethics and values and with sustainable physical environment?
      • The present case study voices the answer as “YES “
      Appears like an oxymoron
    • 3. At present the very human existence is in question – in any part of the world with common problems and issues … Global warming , Water scarcity , caste politics , inequalities based on religions, distrust among people and within families… The present case study will demonstrate how simple living people travelled through rough patches and achieved great success by overcoming the world’s common challenges in their small space… International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 4. Red Salute – Lal Salam
      • Best Music of Communism 3 - YouTube.flv
      • This is the song sung by communists world over and made greatest impact on humanity.
      • While Marx philosophy lead to two worlds – Communist and Non-Communist. Gandhiji worked on an alternative philosophy based on non violence.
      • Gandhi- The Philosophy of Nonviolence - YouTube.mp4
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 5. Struggle Begins International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 6. Hyderabad Allwyn Ltd
      • HAL was incorporated in 1942 engaged in the manufacture of refrigerators and compressors, watches, steel furniture, bus bodies and LPG Cylinders with 360 acres of land, profitable until 1990s.
      • Privatization policies, with sudden onset of competition made the organization un competitive with competent workmen.
      • It had 11,300 workers on rolls during 1993.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 7. HAL - Continued Losses
      • Continued losses made Government to handover the organization to Voltas-Tata Enterprise, with assets being sold for through away prices. (Rs1.12 paise per square yard while market price was Rs8,000).
      • At that point of time Voltas was also not profitable and cannot be called competent to run businesses that are unrelated to it. Government’s role - ?
      • By 2000 most of the workers lost their jobs and Voltas wound up its operations selling all assets at 1,00,000 times the price at which it got the assets. Voltas never disclosed the profits made out of selling assets of HAL.
      • Voltas is an ethical organization!
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 8. Private Profit at Public Cost
      • The workers were given meager Rs.50,000 to Rs.75,000 compensation.
      • Judiciary redress was lost at the courts.
      • Trickle down economics (Chomsky,1993) and crony capitalism are the order of the day and continued even today. The sicker the unit the healthier the owner grew (P.Sainath).
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 9. Alternatives for Dayakar Reddy
      • Join the extreme left forces and participate in different struggles for people cause , which make him and his comrades as heroes, to live as revolutionaries paving way for change.
      • Reskill himself and try to work in a private organization .
      • Not to leave the philosophy that helped him to achieve his present status as leader and continue to serve people by co existing with capitalism at the same time sharing prosperity with help of local self government of his village that is created by his team.
      • He chose the third alternative.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 10. 1990s
      • Dayakar Reddy foresaw the issues of livelihood of people. He with the help of his mentor Satyanarayana convinced workmen to construct houses at Pragathinagar. Thus Pragathinagar was born.
      • The village was co created by his team forming small groups to undertake construction.
      • The teams were empowered to take decisions and no corruption and inefficiency is tolerated.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 11. Project Housing- Avoiding Construction Sharks
      • Examinations of contractors quotes indicated that they have huge profit margins and the teams decided to give contracts to masons and other small enterprises to the tune of 500 and helped by civil engineering professor of Jawaharlal Nehru University. With innovative financial acumen they obtained cement at cheapest price, fabricated the bricks at the site and sourced the wood from North Eastern Part of India.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 12. Transparency-Project Completion
      • The project was completed on time and the houses were handed over to the workmen in December, 1993.
      • The estimated cost was Rs200/- and it is completed for Rs185/-. The surplus is given back to the workers, while other builders in neighborhood demanding higher prices citing escalation of costs. Five million rupees is distributed to the workmen.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 13. Birth of Local Governance
      • Away from Hydrabad the residents have difficulty in obtaining vegetables and groceries. They formed a cooperative with volunteers running with ethics, values and not to exploit the customers.
      • Panchayat was formed with Dayakar Reddy as the President.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 14. Need for Study
      • There are no similar models available.
      • Kuthambakkam Village by Elango Ramaswamy; A rural experiment.
      • Relegan Siddhi; environmental concern, honesty, integrity with strong religious underpinnings.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 15. Objectives of Study
      • Measuring Happiness Index of people and attitude towards local self governance.
      • Financial Analysis of Pragathinagar Panchayat from 2002-2010.
      • Evolution of leadership style of Dayakar Reddy.
      • Process of execution of different projects that transcend beyond the implicit motives, explicit motives and perceived abilities of the people who execute the projects.
      • Replicability, scalability, thoughts and questions for future.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 16. Research Methodology
      • Quantitative Research
      • Oxford Happiness Questionnaire ( Hills and Argyle, 2002) was used to measure happiness of people.
      • Dialogical analysis: It is a way of analyzing human communication that entails interaction of different perspectives.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 17. Questions asked during focus group interviews of dialogic analysis
      • What does each one of them think about themselves, the others, their leader, about people and what the other thinks of them?
      • What do the given utterances and actions imply about the given activity or participants?
      • Why was a given communicative act performed - why they say like that? What was the alternative that the utterance was trying to dispel what has been said by others?
      • People found to borrowing words, phrases and ideas from other people, and accordingly, in the present dialogical analysis it has been observed who is doing the talking? Specifically, which voices and echoes are evident in the given utterance? The words used in Telugu and their translations are given to preserve the meaning and context in which they are spoken.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 18. Definition of Happiness
      • Happiness is an emotional state that is characterized by feeling of enjoyment, pleasure and satisfaction.
      • Hedonism reflects the view that wellbeing consists of pleasure or happiness.
      • Eudaimonism conveying the belief that wellbing consists of fulfilling or realizing one’s true nature.
      • Eudaimonism is considered for present study.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 19. Happiness Index and Satisfaction with Local Governance
      • The overall happiness index of the people of Pragathinagar is 3.62 and Argyle and Peter Hills (2002) considered 4 is the ideal measure of happiness indicating 90.5% happiness.
      • The overall satisfaction with respect to different dimensions of local governance is 3.97 on a Likert Scale indicating high satisfaction with the local governance model.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 20. Financial Status
      • The question is do we need to be corrupt to be rich? Or will ethics and values entail richness?
      • A Marxist led panchayat board will have heavy wage bill, as they are dominated by worker interests. True or myth?
      • Financial statements audited by government from 2002-2010 are examined and can be downloaded from the site
      • http:// pragathinagar.com /
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 21. Highlights
      • 100% Tax Collections till date.
      • Surplus of 1.8 crores.
      • Salary bill is only 6.54%.
      • 71.29% of expenditure is on creation of capital assets.
      • Happiness, satisfaction, ethics, values and pollution free environmental living is also followed by financial success.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 22. Volitional Trait, Transparency and Selfless Leadership
      • What makes them to sacrifice when others found that there is no need for it?
      • Why do individuals like some goals that they voluntarily set?
      • Which mechanisms help a person or a group of persons to strive for goals for which they apparently have limited capabilities for the tasks they were assigned?
      • What leadership dimensions help the process of achieving these goals which could not be achieved in India?
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 23. Analogy
      • An analogy may be borrowed from American civil war, the losers of war from southern states grew deeply religious [1] ; in the absence of religion and inability fully focus on Marxist thoughts in public; it may be hypothesized that residents found hope in creating local self governance that is started with emphasis on morals such as not consuming alcohol, smoking, making environment greener and accepting collective simplicity. [1] http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/cwsouth.htm
      • Will people of India unhappy about the present conditions of corruption and corporate frauds will revert back to simplistic living?
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 24. How it happened? International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 25. Model Governance and Tipping Point
      • A small group of people driven by Marxist values of non exploitation of workers and mentored by Satyanarayana towards path of Gandhian values of satyamevajeyathe and non violence, truth, selfless work and simplistic living provided the needed stickiness factor to reach the tipping point of sustainability of the model.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 26. The Power of Context
      • Leadership of Dayakar Reddy
      • Eight hundred families with education and training rendered suddenly jobless due to government policy and unwillingness of private sector to hire them, wanting prove themselves. Survey indicated that the number of people who can be strongly influenced by the panchayt board members is 137 which is nearest to the Dunbar number of 140.
      • In addition 400 members of village development committee helps to take decisions provides strong democratic roots of the institution.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 27. Connectors, Mavens and Salesmen
      • Mavens
      • Mavens are the people who have strong compulsion to help others to make correct decisions, even at their own cost. Sudhir Reddy, Chandrasekar Reddy, Somireddy and Chowdary and their team who executed housing project, with standing the pressure of networking with 500 different kinds of are the mavens.
      • Connectors
      • Connectors are those individuals who have ties in different realms and act as conduits between them, helping to engender connections, relationships, and cross fertilization that otherwise might not have ever occurred. Dayakar Reddy, Sriramulu past Sarpench of the village, Prabhakar were the connectors who influenced the process.
      Salesmen Salesmen are people whose unusual charisma allows them to be extremely persuasive in inducing other’s buying decisions and behaviors. Paraná Kumar and Veeraiya fall into this category of persons.
    • 28. International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B) Values and practices at Pragathi Nagar
    • 29. Public Utilities
      • 1.85 Lakhs gallons of water from Manjeera is obtained after laying pipelines for 2.5 kms.
      • Water drains are laid to take care of storm water.
      • Sewage treatment plant is constructed to clean 2.5 million liters of water everyday.
      • People’s Hospital that pays only 33% of wages and the doctors and staff are happy to work here than in any private hospital that provides targets for tests and cuts for referrals.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 30. International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 31. International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 32. International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 33. Majili-The Break in Journey International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 34. Personal characteristics of Dayakar Reddy
      • Dedication to the cause of people and being authentic
      • Honesty
      • Selflessness
      • Transparency
      • Conviction towards ideals
      • Performance orientation
      • Zero tolerance towards non performance and dishonesty
      • No personality cult
      • Environmental sensitivity
      • Future orientation by taking into consideration present needs in the light of environmental safety and sharing of prosperity and creation of capital assets.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 35. International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B) Struggle Continues…
    • 36. Dilemmas of Dayakar Reddy and his Team
      • Continue his struggle to ensure the unique status of Pragathi Nagar by resisting all efforts by the State Government to take over. This requires more energy to be devoted to struggle, court cases and in direct confrontation with government. Instead of confrontation, if he chooses to work on a urban research plan what kind of plan you will suggest?
      • Go with the government and try the new kind of governance to be replicated at different parts of Hyderabad.
      • Stop all activities and make the second generations of leaders to take charge and be a mentor.
      • Each of the decision paths has advantages and disadvantages.
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B) What are your suggestions? Do you have other alternatives?
    • 37.
      • We heart fully acknowledge and dedicate this Research Paper to
      • Mr. Dayakar Reddy and his Team for their support and time
      • Mr. Satyanarayana garu for his direction and guidance
      • Mr. Deenadayalan who has unearthed this live story and shared the success of Pragathi nagar thru NHRD magazine
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)
    • 38.
      • Thank you !
      • You can reach us on
      • [email_address]
      • [email_address]
      International Conference on Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation;IIM(B)

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