Pra methods


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Pra methods

  1. 1. WELCOME To PRESENTATION Extension Programme Development By Kalyan Prosad Paul MS in Agricultural Extension Education Bangladesh Agricultural University Mymensingh
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Participation of people </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Some PRA Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Seasonal Diagram </li></ul><ul><li>Matrix Ranking and Matrix Scoring </li></ul><ul><li>PROBLEM CENSUS </li></ul>
  3. 3. Participation of people <ul><li>Participation means getting involve, exchanging and sharing ideas, opinions, and doing things together in work, analysis, and decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Giving priority to the rural people </li></ul><ul><li>In identifying and analyzing their problems </li></ul><ul><li>Give opportunities and improving behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>And encourage them in voluntary participation </li></ul>
  4. 4. Participatory Participatory Rural appraisal (PRA) techniques <ul><li>A process of Participatory Rural appraisal (PRA) is the process of involving local people in the analysis and interpretation of rural situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory Rural appraisal (PRA) is a set of informal techniques used by development practitioners in rural areas to collect and analyze data. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Participatory Rural appraisal (PRA) is a set of informal techniques used by development practitioners in rural areas to collect and analyze data. <ul><li>1. Physical map </li></ul><ul><li>2. Social map </li></ul><ul><li>3. Transect walks </li></ul><ul><li>4. Wealth ranking </li></ul><ul><li>5. Venn diagram </li></ul><ul><li>6. Daily routine </li></ul><ul><li>7. Seasonal diagram </li></ul><ul><li>8. Matrix ranking and matrix scoring </li></ul><ul><li>9. Problem census </li></ul>
  6. 6. Seasonal Diagram <ul><li>Seasonal and historical variations and trends can be easy to miss during a short visit to the field. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to </li></ul><ul><li>identify seasonal trends </li></ul><ul><li>critical points in agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>issues extension programmes should address . </li></ul>
  7. 7. procedure <ul><li>Working with a family or group of farmers </li></ul><ul><li>division of year i.e seasons, months and local names </li></ul><ul><li>Writing names months or seasons on bottom of a flip chart </li></ul><ul><li>Decide an issue to investigate. Examples includes crops that are grown, income, credit needs, labour requirement etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Use sticks, seeds or lines to draw, for each month, high or low demand, high or low prices, high or low income or credit needs, high or low rainfall; </li></ul><ul><li>The result can look like a line graph, or bar chart </li></ul><ul><li>Several issues could be put on the same seasonal 'diagram, and relationships investigated . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Matrix Ranking and Matrix Scoring <ul><li>Technique to findout the advantages and disadvantages against a product or service </li></ul><ul><li>Use to </li></ul><ul><li>Compare services or products available </li></ul>
  9. 9. procedure <ul><li>Selection of an issue to investigate with a family or group of farmers. For example, different varieties of rice, different methods of compost making, or different seed .storage vessels; </li></ul><ul><li>A serial number should be given to each product or service </li></ul><ul><li>A symbol for eachshould be made </li></ul><ul><li>Talking about the advantages and disadvantages of each item </li></ul><ul><li>Turning them into criteria and list them in a column on the paper </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers asked to rank in order of performance against each criteria ) </li></ul><ul><li>When complete, matrix ranking will show why one item is more used locally than others, even though others might be better. </li></ul><ul><li>Matrix scoring is a variation of matrix ranking. Instead of ranking each item against each criteria, score them out of 10. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ranking sheet
  11. 11. PROBLEM CENSUS <ul><li>A technique of PRA through which problems identified by participating the local people where </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>local people act as active </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>extension agent act as facilitator or passive. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Used to </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>i dentify farmers information needs to design responsive extension activities </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. procedure <ul><li>Arrange a group meeting by the concerned sub assistant agriculture officer </li></ul><ul><li>Presenting and describing subject matter before the group </li></ul><ul><li>Dividing the whole group into sub-groups </li></ul><ul><li>Provide paper and pen and ask them to lists problems </li></ul><ul><li>Ask them to score the 10 selected problems of most importance </li></ul><ul><li>Ask the group for possible solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Record the discussion in the SAAO’s diary </li></ul><ul><li>Explaining that DAE will plan one activity for this group to address one of these problems </li></ul><ul><li>Closing and thanks giving. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Defining subject matter
  14. 14. Brainstorming THANKS TO ALL