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The Development of life

The Development of life

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The+life+cycle+student Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Life CycleBrittany Robisnon
  • 2. Childhood Development• There are__stages of life• Each stage is defined by a developmental task: events that need to happen in order for a person to continue growing toward becoming a healthy, mature adult – If one stage is______________it can be made up at another stage
  • 3. 4 Stages of Infancy and Childhood• Infancy:__________• Task: develop trust• the period of fastest growth – Height by 50% – Weight may triple
  • 4. 4 Stages of Infancy and Childhood• Early Childhood: _______• Task: to develop ability to do tasks themselves• Child develops sense of autonomy: the confidence that a person can control his or her own body, impulses, and environment• Overprotection may cause child to lack sense of ___________
  • 5. 4 Stages of Infancy and Childhood• Middle Childhood: ________• Task: to develop responsibility, take initiative, to ______________• Ask many questions, learn to express and read emotion, be creative in developing something• Impatient parents may cause their child to have a ______________
  • 6. 4 Stages of Infancy and Childhood• Late Childhood: _________• Task: to develop an interest in performing activities• Develop a conscience, learn appropriate social roles, and _______________
  • 7. Adolescence• ___________________________________• Puberty: the time when a person begins to develop certain traits of adults of his or her own gender; the beginning of adolescence – Occurs sometime between the ages of _____; determined mainly by heredity
  • 8. Adolescence• Puberty – Develop ______________: traits related to a person’s gender – Secondary sex characteristics: • Female: breasts, hips widen, waistline narrows • Males: facial hair appears, voice deepens, shoulders broaden, muscle develops
  • 9. Adolescence• Developmental Tasks: – Establish emotional and psychological independence – Develop a personal sense of identity – Adopt a _____________system – Establish adult vocational goals – Develop ____________________
  • 10. Moving Toward Adulthood• ____________: the state at which the physical body and all its organs are fully developed• _____________: state at which the mental and emotional capabilities of an individual are fully developed
  • 11. The Stages of Adulthood• Young Adulthood: __________• Task: to develop close personal relationships• Four major focuses: – Personal independence – Occupational choices – Intimate relationships – Contributions to society
  • 12. Personal Independence• _____________: developing one’s capabilities to the fullest• Move from parent support to friend support to self-sufficient
  • 13. ___________________• Influences may include: – Part-time job – Role model – Amount of education towards a certain occupation
  • 14. _________________• Emotional Intimacy: ability to experience a caring, loving relationship with another person whom you can share your innermost feeling• Romantic relationships, marriage ____________
  • 15. Contributing to Society• Developing political views• Developing religious views• Taking part in community programs
  • 16. Marriage• ____________: a promise or pledge that a couple makes to one another• Marital adjustments: how well a person adjusts to his or her spouse – Good Communication: need to share feelings and express concerns; demonstrating affection – Emotional Maturity: understand their partners needs and can compromise – Similar Values and Interests: spending more time together strengthes the relationship
  • 17. Resolving Conflicts• Can reduce conflicts by having good communication and conflict resolution skills• Possible Conflicts: – Difference in spending habits – Conflicting loyalties involving family and friends – Lack of communication – Lack of intimacy – Jealousy, infidelity, lack of attention – Decisions about children – Abusive tendencies