St ds


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St ds

  1. 1. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  2. 2. What is an STD?• STD’s can also be referred to as STI’s (Sexually Transmitted Infections)• These are diseases or infections that are transmitted from person to person via sexual contact• Spread of STD’s are now considered an epidemic in the U.S. – An epidemic is occurences of diseases in which many people in the same place at the same time are affected
  3. 3. Behavior that Leads to STD’s• Some people may spread STD’s without even knowing that they have one themselves  asymptomatic• Often these people do not seek treatment because they either don’t know or are too embarrassed to ask if they do have one• If a person is diagnosed with an STD it is supposed to be reported to the health department so that sexual partners can be contacted to help prevent the spread of the disease
  4. 4. High Risk Behavior and STDs• Teens make up 25% of the estimated 15 million cases of STDs in the U.S. every year – 10,000 per day
  5. 5. High Risk Behavior and STDs• Being sexually active: any sort of sexual activity puts you at risk of getting an STD – Most people don’t know or won’t ask the past behaviors of their partners – Being sexually active with more than one person at a time majorly increases your risk
  6. 6. High Risk Behaviors and STDs• Abstinence is the only guaranteed way not to get something!• Unprotected sex increases the risk of contracting an STD – Some STDs can even be transmitted while protected
  7. 7. High Risk Behaviors and STDs• High risk partners: those who you know have had multiple sexual partners in the past or do illegal drugs
  8. 8. High Risk Behaviors and STDs• Using Drugs – Use of illegal drugs, especially those that are injected via needles or syringes – Alcohol: lowers inhibitions • 25% of teens engaging in sexual activity are under the influence of alcohol
  9. 9. Consequences of STDs• Can cause serious issues that can affect a person for the rest of their lives
  10. 10. Consequences of STDs• Some are incurable• Certain STDs are unable to be removed from the body through treatments and can remain in the body for life – AIDS or any other viruses – Genital Herpes
  11. 11. Consequences of STDs• Some STDs can cause other problems such as Cancer – Hepatitis B: cancer of the liver – Human Papillomavirus (HPV): cancer of the cervix
  12. 12. Consequences of STDs• Can prevent a person from being able to reproduce – Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  13. 13. Consequences of STDs• Some can be transferred from an infected mother to her child – Can happen before, during, or after the birth of the child – Can cause such things as premature births, blindness, infection of the blood stream, and chronic liver disease – AIDS can be spread through breastfeeding
  14. 14. Common STDs• Human Papillomavirus: virus that can cause genital warts or asymptomatic infection• There are about 30 different types of this virus and most show no symptoms• Almost all cases of cervical cancer are caused by HPV• Most common STD in the U.S. – 50-75% of sexually active male and females will acquire HPV
  15. 15. Genital Warts• Pink or reddish warts with cauliflower tops that appear on or around the genitals• May take up to 3 months for warts to appear after infection occurs; often they disappear on their own• Treatments can get rid of warts but not virus that accompanies them• Over 20 million people are infected
  16. 16. Genital Warts
  17. 17. Chlamydia• Bacterial infection that affects the reproductive organs of both males and females• Often is not noticed until very serious complications arise• Some symptoms that may appear include: discharge and pain upon urination• Lab tests are needed to diagnose
  18. 18. Genital Herpes• Two Types: Type 1- causes cold sores; Type 2- causes genital sores• However, both can affect both the genitals and the mouth• Most people do not show symptoms and the virus can be spread both when there are sores and when there are not
  19. 19. Genital Herpes• Lab tests are needed to diagnose• Medications can relieve symptoms, but not cure the virus• 45 million people infected• May increase the spread of HIV
  20. 20. Genital Hepres
  21. 21. Gonorrhea• Bacterial STD that usually affects mucous membranes• Highest rate of infection is: Girls 15-19 and Boys 20-24• Symptoms are discharge and painful urination• Can be without symptoms• Left untreated can cause serious joint damage and infertility
  22. 22. Trichomoniasis• Caused by a microscopic protozoan that results in infections of the vagina, urethra, and bladder• Usually no symptoms; maybe discharge• Difficult to diagnose in males
  23. 23. Trichomoniasis
  24. 24. Syphilis• An STD that attacks many parts of the body and is caused by small bacterium• Signs include reddish sores• Spreads through the blood and can cause major damage to heart, liver, nervous system, and kidneys
  25. 25. HIV and AIDS• HIV: Human Immunodeficiency virus- a virus that attacks the immune system and is the cause of AIDS• AIDS: Acquired immune deficiency syndrome- a disease in which the immune system is weakened
  26. 26. HIV and AIDS• How does it spread? – Sexual intercourse – Sharing Needles – Mother to Baby
  27. 27. HIV and AIDS• Not everyone infected with HIV has AIDS• AIDS is an advanced stage of HIV• Virus is progressive and continues to multiply in the body• Weakens immune system• Many who die do so from minor sicknesses that their body can’t fight• No cure for the virus