Assistive technology ppt
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Assistive technology ppt Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Assistive Technology andApproaches:Assisting Students with Special Needs
  • 2.  Not all students are exactly the same. For thisreason, teachers must differentiate lessons to ensurethe success of all students. Differentiation can be aided through AssistiveTechnologies and Non-technological Approaches.
  • 3.  Many special needs students may have IEP’s(Individualized Education Programs). IEP’s may be given to students for severalreasons, including: Learning disabilities ADHD Emotional and Cognitive challenges Autism Hearing, visual, or speech impairments Developmental Delay
  • 4.  In order to help students with special needs, teacherscan use Assistive Technology in the classroom. Assistive Technology is a broad term used to describetechnology which can be used to assist students inorder to maximize their learning capacities. Assistive Technology enhances independence amongstudents with special needs. These students are ableto do things which at some point seemed impossible.
  • 5.  An Assistive Technology Device is:"any item, piece of equipment or product system,whether acquired commercially off the shelf,modified or customized, that is used to increase,maintain or improve the functional capabilities ofindividuals with disabilities" (IDEA 300.5).
  • 6.  Assistive Technology can help students gainindependence in several ways, including: Physical Mobility Communication Software accessibility Visual enhancements Auditory enhancements
  • 7.  Discovering Assistive Technology which can be helpfulto individuals with special needs can be done if theright steps are taken: Define strengths and weaknesses of the individual Define what prevents the individual from beingfully-functional Define what strategies/technologies are helpful and whichfail to produce positive results Continue to modify strategies/technologies that work inorder to grant maximum effectiveness Implement the strategy/technology into the individual’severyday life Continue to reflect and modify accordingly
  • 8.  Not all assistance for students with special needs hasto be based upon technology. “No-Technology” refers to assistance for studentswhich does not involve technology. There are simple ways in which teachers can make ahuge difference without the use of technology. Anexample of this is providing students withstructured, guided notes.
  • 9.  Some students may need assistance with hearing. Hearing assistive technology systems (HATS) aredevices which help students to hear better in order toimprove their social and academic performance. These devices work best when students are placedcloser to the teacher than everyone else. This isbecause the closer a student is to a source ofsound, the better he/she will be able to hear it.
  • 10.  Some students with special needs may benefit byusing Touchscreen computers. Touchscreen computers allow users to directly touchthe icons in order to activate them. This preventsaggravations associated with students who maystruggle with fine motor skills. There are 3 types of Touchscreen technologicaldevices: Resistive, Surface Wave, and Capacitive.
  • 11.  The Georgia Project for Assistive Technology (GPAT) isa program which supports the implementation oftechnology into classrooms which have students withspecial needs. The mission of this program focuses on helpingstudents with special needs to gain independence andto become productive citizens.
  • 12.  Extra sources from the Web: Teachers should be aware that although AssistiveTechnology can greatly enhance students’ learningcapabilities, they should not be the only form ofinstruction. Students with special needs should be expected to learncognitive processing and reasoning just as other students.Therefore, technology without effective instruction isuseless. However, if effective instruction is combined with a varietyof Assistive Technology approaches, then student successwill be highly probable to occur. http://www.sc.edu/scatp/cdrom/integratingat.htm
  • 13.  Extra sources from the Web: Assistive Technology (AT) can relieve a multitude ofproblems for students with special needs. AT can address hearing problems, visionproblems, organization problems, memoryproblems, and writing problems. Although AT has traditionally had the meaning ofhardware devices, modern AT also includescomputer software as well as internet sources. http://www.greatschools.org/special-education/assistive-technology/702-assistive-technology-for-kids-with-learning-disabilities-an-overview.gs
  • 14.  Extra sources from the Web: Technology can be a very important ally for students withspecial needs in a Science classroom. Georgia science standards focus on the idea of inquiry.Computer simulations and other programs are available forScience teachers. These computer programs allow students with special needsto perform to maximum capacity in simulations, labs, andday-to-day instruction. http://science.nsta.org/enewsletter/2003-08/ss0303_50.pdf