Spa$al storytelling in hybrid
Tallinn University, Center for Educa$onal Technology
What is a story?
• If we say Story we usually think of the
common conceptualiza$on of sequen$al
narra$ves as representa$ons created by
• What if we look at stories and narra$ve
prac$ces in spa$al terms?
• Ecosystems are dynamic, emergent and
• Ecosystems allow diversity and heterogeneity
of members who interact.
• In ecosystems autonomous self‐direc$ng
agents adapt themselves to the ecosystem
causing self‐organiza$on, and they co‐adapt as
a result of mutual interac$on.
We narrate ourselves into the world
We no$ce diﬀerent perspec$ves
We are hybrid beings
• We may well describe ourselves as hybrid beings
extending ourselves to the world through
narra$ve ac$ons in order to mediate our
interac$ons with the world.
• Place is a temporary extension of ourselves in the
moment of our interac$on with the world.
• Place is a self‐hybridiza$on with the World as
part of eco‐cogni$ve chance‐seeking.
We store eco‐cogni$ve chances to the hybrid
ecosystem and use community chances for
• Spa$ally we can look at places as n‐
dimensional meaning‐, ac$on‐ and geospaces.
Embedding feelings to places
“Narra$ve ecology” experiment
• Within one month each par$cipant took
pictures in the city space, signifying places as
• The ﬁnal story was distributed across diﬀerent
soPware loca$ons, geographical and meaning‐
• Each par$cipant became aware of these
emergent narra$ves through the friendfeed
connec$ons and mashed tag channels.
Individual storytellers would act largely as autonomous
agents, aligning their narra$ves according to story
prototypes that they perceive
Ontobrands as story prototypes
PERCEIVED STORIES TAGSPACE OF STORIES
STORYLINE AS A INVASION
ATTRACTOR BASINS OF STORIES
Humans as ants in hybrid ecosystem –
• Space with dynamically embedded meanings
(eg. spoken narra$ves, movement) entails
• The spa$al view to storytelling focuses on the
places in conceptual space that serve as
a^ractors for community’s s$gmergic ac$on.
Detect the signal
Dis$nguishing Previous disturbance
No$cing a story
Detec$ng a^ractor Analogy Selected no$cing
Following the from the
signal trail environment
Collec$ng and Collabora$ng,
leaving signal trail cloning the
Increasing a^ractor Modifying the signal
Expanding, transla$ng, interpre$ng
Swarming phenomena in city space
Some swarming ac$ons took place around perceived stories as
a^ractor areas in space – many storytellers were autonomously
contribu$ng to the emerging shared stories.
Poten$al of spa$al storytelling
• The experimental
results indicated that
enac$on with the
narrated places was
less frequent than
could be expected.
Places are powerful triggers
Places evoke personal stories
Interac$ons with places
• People rather interact with the emo$onal
dimensions of the places in hybrid ecosystem.
• But emo$onal dimensions cannot be mapped
yet while we interact with geographical
• Interac$on in geographical loca$ons is rare
because the density of accumulated contents