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Verbs and types of verbs.
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Verbs and types of verbs.

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A PowerPoint exploring verbs and types of verbs.

A PowerPoint exploring verbs and types of verbs.

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  • 1. VERBS Shows actions and states e.g. I flew to Spain. I believe/hope/know/think. I was sleepy. She is brilliant.
  • 2. LEXICAL AND AUXILIARY VERBS Lexical verbs: are main verbs. Show the action or state. Auxiliary verbs are helping verbs-they can show additional information such as tense. I rang my friend: lexical verb. I was ringing my friend. He is cooking.
  • 3. IDENTIFY THE LEXICAL AND AUXILIARY VERBS IN THE RECIPE AND THE TEXT ON PAGE 43.
  • 4. LEXICAL VERBS DYNAMIC VERBS-Shows a physical action. STATIVE VERBS-Shows a state or mental process e.g. believe, think, know, hope.
  • 5. PAGE 42 AND 44-DYNAMIC OR STATIVE VERBS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. I read my book from cover to cover. The girls chased the dog across the field. I wrote neatly in my new book. I coughed and sneezed because I had a cold. The robbers smashed the window and entered the warehouse. The man stopped and turned when he heard me shout his name. I gave my friend some of my sweets. I thought she would be pleased. I wished that I could come top in the test. I knew that I would not win the race. The dog plodded along beside his owner
  • 6. DYNAMIC OR STATIVE VERB I’m watching the final game. 2. I can see the sea. 3. Jack cooked breakfast. 4. I completed my homework. 5. Martha hired a bouncing castle. 6. George fell off his chair. 7. I heard the dog bark 8. The boy ran home. 9. The birds sung. 10. The chocolate fudge cake was tasty. 1.
  • 7. ANALYSING A TEXT. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. GMAP the text. Identify the mode features. Register. Ideas/attitudes and opinions in the text VERBS-types and categories. Adjectives and adverbials 1. Types of adjectives 2. Types of adverbials 3. Effects on meaning: representation of ideas, writer’s authority and attitude, how they shape the reader’s response? Identify and categorise the nouns. Link to lexis-semantics, phonology, graphology.
  • 8. MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS Shows possibility and probability-how possible and likely something will happen.
  • 9. MODAL VERBS 1) I must go to the party. 2) I should go to the party. 3) I could go to the party. 4) I may go to the party 5) I might go to the party. 6) I can go to the party. 7) I would go to the party 8) I will go to the party. 9) I shall go to the party 10) I ought go to the party.
  • 10. REWRITE THIS SENTENCE USING A DIFFERENT MODAL AUXILIARY VERB Andrew will achieve well this Summer, if he improves his attendance and behaviour.
  • 11. VERB TENSES TENSE: RELATING TO WHERE WE LOCATE A VERB’S ACTION IN TIME. SHOWS WHEN THE ACTION IS PERFORMED. Aspect: Relating to the duration of an event. Informs how long the verb/action takes. Tense and Aspect combine to create a range of different time frames Aspect Simple Present Past I do I did Progressiv e I am doing I was doing Perfective I have done I had done
  • 12. Past Participle: The ed or en form of verbs e.g. eaten, walked, watched. Present Participle: the ing form of verbs. e.g. eating, walking, watching.
  • 13. GO BACK TO PAGES 42 AND 44 AND THE TEXT YOU ANALYSED. IDENTIFY THE TENSE AND ASPECT OF FIVE VERBS:  PRESENT SIMPLE  PAST SIMPLE
  • 14. VERBS 1. 2. 3. 4. Regular verbs follow the rules of language e.g. adding ed for the past tense and ing for the present tense. Irregular verbs doesn’t follow the rules of language. See: past tense is saw- see is an irregular verb. Jump-jumped: jump is a regular verb. Turn to page 47- Are the verbs regular or irregular.
  • 15. ACTIVE VOICE OR PASSIVE VOICE VERB
  • 16. ACTIVE VOICE VERBS  Agent carries out the action.  Subject- The main focus of a sentence. The subject tends to carry out the action and begins the sentence.  Object-The person or thing that receives the action of the verb. Clara knocked over the boy. Subject Active Agent Voice Verb Objec t
  • 17. PASSIVE VOICE VERBS  Passive Voice: the Agent is moved to the end and becomes the object.  The object: the person or thing affected moves to the front. By is added. An The boy was knocked over by Clara Agent auxiliary Subject Passive Voice Verb Object verb is also added  The Agent can be omitted/deleted. before the main verb The boy was knocked over (by Clara).
  • 18. Find the Subject, Verb and Object Who is the agent in the sentences? Do these sentences use an active voice verb or a passive voice verb? The dog runs around the field wildly. Dad bought a new car. The teacher gave the pupil a gold star. Active Voice Verb or Passive Voice Verb I ate a piece of chocolate cake. The money was stolen. They are paid on Fridays. The movie is being made in Hollywood The librarian read the book to the students. I will introduce you to my boss next week
  • 19. COMPLETE THE CROSSWORD ON PAGE 55.