Shows actions and states e.g.
I flew to Spain.
I was sleepy.
She is brilliant.
LEXICAL AND AUXILIARY
verbs: are main verbs.
Show the action or state.
Auxiliary verbs are helping
verbs-they can show additional
information such as tense.
I rang my friend: lexical verb.
I was ringing my friend.
He is cooking.
IDENTIFY THE LEXICAL
AND AUXILIARY VERBS
IN THE RECIPE AND THE
TEXT ON PAGE 43.
STATIVE VERBS-Shows a state
or mental process e.g. believe,
think, know, hope.
PAGE 42 AND 44-DYNAMIC OR
I read my book from cover to cover.
The girls chased the dog across the field.
I wrote neatly in my new book.
I coughed and sneezed because I had a cold.
The robbers smashed the window and entered
The man stopped and turned when he heard me
shout his name.
I gave my friend some of my sweets. I thought
she would be pleased.
I wished that I could come top in the test.
I knew that I would not win the race.
The dog plodded along beside his owner
DYNAMIC OR STATIVE VERB
I’m watching the final game.
2. I can see the sea.
3. Jack cooked breakfast.
4. I completed my homework.
5. Martha hired a bouncing castle.
6. George fell off his chair.
7. I heard the dog bark
8. The boy ran home.
9. The birds sung.
10. The chocolate fudge cake was tasty.
ANALYSING A TEXT.
GMAP the text.
Identify the mode features.
Ideas/attitudes and opinions in the text
VERBS-types and categories.
Adjectives and adverbials
Types of adjectives
Types of adverbials
Effects on meaning: representation of ideas,
writer’s authority and attitude, how they shape
the reader’s response?
Identify and categorise the nouns.
Link to lexis-semantics, phonology, graphology.
MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS
probability-how possible and
likely something will happen.
1) I must go to the party.
2) I should go to the party.
3) I could go to the party.
4) I may go to the party
5) I might go to the party.
6) I can go to the party.
7) I would go to the party
8) I will go to the party.
9) I shall go to the party
10) I ought go to the party.
REWRITE THIS SENTENCE USING A
DIFFERENT MODAL AUXILIARY VERB
Andrew will achieve well this
Summer, if he improves his
attendance and behaviour.
TENSE: RELATING TO WHERE WE LOCATE A
VERB’S ACTION IN TIME. SHOWS WHEN THE
ACTION IS PERFORMED.
Aspect: Relating to the duration of an event.
Informs how long the verb/action takes.
Tense and Aspect combine to create a
range of different time frames
I am doing
I was doing
I have done
I had done
Participle: The ed or en
form of verbs e.g. eaten, walked,
Present Participle: the ing
form of verbs. e.g. eating,
GO BACK TO PAGES 42 AND 44 AND
THE TEXT YOU ANALYSED.
AND ASPECT OF FIVE
Regular verbs follow the rules of language
e.g. adding ed for the past tense and ing for
the present tense.
Irregular verbs doesn’t follow the rules of
See: past tense is saw- see is an irregular
Jump-jumped: jump is a regular verb.
Turn to page 47- Are the verbs regular or
ACTIVE VOICE VERBS
carries out the action.
Subject- The main focus of a
sentence. The subject tends to carry
out the action and begins the
Object-The person or thing that
receives the action of the verb.
Clara knocked over the boy.
PASSIVE VOICE VERBS
Voice: the Agent is moved to the end
and becomes the object.
The object: the person or thing affected moves
to the front.
The boy was knocked over by Clara
Subject Passive Voice Verb
Object verb is also
The Agent can be omitted/deleted.
The boy was knocked over (by Clara).
Find the Subject, Verb and Object
Who is the agent in the sentences? Do these
sentences use an active voice verb or a passive
The dog runs around the field wildly.
Dad bought a new car.
The teacher gave the pupil a gold star.
Active Voice Verb or Passive Voice Verb
I ate a piece of chocolate cake.
The money was stolen.
They are paid on Fridays.
The movie is being made in Hollywood
The librarian read the book to the students.
I will introduce you to my boss next week