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Timeline of Afghanistan

Timeline of Afghanistan



Afghanistan from 1931 to 2001 as part of the exploration of The Kite Runner.

Afghanistan from 1931 to 2001 as part of the exploration of The Kite Runner.



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    Timeline of Afghanistan Timeline of Afghanistan Presentation Transcript

    • 1933 Mohammed Zahir Shah becomes King. 1953 Mohammed Daoud Khan, the King’s cousin and brother in law becomes Prime Minister. He wanted a closer relationship with Russia and a distant relationship with Pakistan. 1963 Daoud was forced to resign because disputes with Pakistan led to an economic crisis and King Zahir Shah took a more active role in ruling Afghanistan. 1971-1973 While Zahir Shah was receiving treatment for eye problems in Italy, Daoud abolished the monarchy and took over the country. He declared Afghanistan a Republic and became prime minister. 1978-1979 Daoud’s changes didn’t work well. An important member of the opposing party the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) was shot. The PDPA overthrew the government in April and became the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. The PDPA invited the Soviet Union to make Afghanistan more modern and to rebuild. But the government were unpopular. They were very cruel and murdered many citizens particularly the religious citizens. The Soviet Union intervened. The American government were unhappy and trained the citizens to fight the communists. 1989 The Soviets withdrew from Afghanistan and were faced with anger from other countries. The war between the muslim fighters and PDPA continued. 1992-1996 The muslim fighters won and overthrew the government. They formed a new government and called the government the Islamic State Government. The Islamic State Government didn’t work and The Taliban seized power. The Taliban seized Kabul in 1996. The Taliban introduced a warped version of Islam including banning entertainment and responsible for massacres. 2001 Al Qaeda a group based in Afghanistan committed a terrorist attack on the Twin Towers. The Taliban refused to hand the leader over. The U.S. and Britain invaded. The Taliban were forced from power but today, still continue to regroup.