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Presentation Final
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Presentation Final
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Presentation Final

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  • 1. The 2012 Amendments to the Russian Law on Protecting Children from Information Harmful to Their Health and Development (Federal Law No 139) Analytical Report For The Children Protection Foundation Created for academic purposes (SIS 645. July 2013) International Communication and Cultural Policy By Yulia Koval-Molodtsova
  • 2. Previous Federal Law on Protecting Children from Information Harmful to Their Health and Development (December 2010) Law on Communication (July 2003) Law on Information, Information Technology and Information Protection (2006) Provides amendments to:
  • 3. Controversy: a unified register – a blacklist of certain web sites
  • 4. Government – oversees the creation of a unified register of the web sites to be banned ISPs and web site owners liability - remove any information related to child pornography or to the involvement of children in pornographic acts, to the use and production of drugs and precursor chemicals, and to suicide or ways to commit suicide Citizens – invited to report on the sites and allowed to check if a certain site is in the register Means of Implementation
  • 5. General Public Reaction: mostly favorable The infographics prepared by Russia Beyond the Headlines and taken under the fair use conditions.
  • 6. Economic: “The system would impose severe restrictions on the basis of subjective criteria and assessments, which will make the Russian jurisdiction extremely unattractive for Internet businesses” (Russian Presidential Council for the Development of Civil Society Institutions and Human Rights, 2012) Expert Concerns
  • 7. Legal: “No legal definitions of pornographic images of minors or information that incites suicide” (Agora report, 2013) Political: “The technology required to implement the law, deep-packet inspection, will greatly increase the ability of the authorities to monitor content transmitted across the internet” (Freedom House report, 2013) Expert Concerns
  • 8. Technical - blocking IPs and domains is internationally recognized as inefficient and insufficient for the content regulation purposes Psychological - reverse effect: blocking strategy may cause an increased interest towards the banned content among children and adolescents Implications
  • 9. The expert review process needs to be better defined and include international standards and expertise in order to avoid blocking mistakes Technological flaws should be taken into serious consideration Recommendations
  • 10. Complex national programs and policies focused on relevant education, recreation, psychological support and empowerment of children and adolescents preventing them from turning to harmful content (not just a stand-alone Internet content banning regulation) Recommendations

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