Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-1 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-2ResponsiveOpenCommunityInformationSystemsCommun...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-3Table of Contents Motivation– Life-long learni...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-4Life-long Learning Life-long learning is cruci...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-5The Extended Mind Where does the mind stop and...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-6The Mind as a Cloud Is our cognitive state spr...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-7Personal Clouds for LearningPersonalKnowledgeMa...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-8Cloud Computing Definition“Cloud Computing is a...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-9Cloud Computing AnalogyD. Kossmann, T. Kraska (...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-10What is a Personal Cloud? Gartner’s top 10imp...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-11Personal Cloud Experience Personal clouds won...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-12Personal InfoCloud Features– Centered around ...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-13InfoCloudshttp://de.slideshare.net/vanderwal/d...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-14InfoCloudshttp://de.slideshare.net/vanderwal/d...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-15How to a Build Personal Cloud?http://de.slides...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-16Cloud Learning Environment Free to use the to...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-17Personal Knowledge Management A collection of...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-18Time Managementhttp://cacm.acm.org/magazines/2...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-19Different Styles of Learning Personal learnin...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-20Long Tail Effect in Personal Learning The lon...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-21CASE STUDIES
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-22End-user Programming End-user tools and platf...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-23
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-24
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-25Micro-learning Micro-learning deals with *– r...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-26Design-driven Pedagogy Guidelines for designi...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-27Micro-learning Workflow Micro-learning consis...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-28Example: Language Learninggaps in personalknow...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-29Concrete Experience
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-30Query and Answer Seeking Information gatherin...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-31End-user Learning Content GatheringD. Kovachev...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-32Web Content Scraping
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-33Mobile Flash Card Learning App
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-34Multi-device LearningOne user –Multiplepersona...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-35Space (shared by multiple users)ROLE Framework...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-36DireWolf Framework:Distributed User Interfaces...
Tablets:video players withmulti-touch interactionLaptops andPCs: text editingSingle-deviceUIMulti-devicedistributedUISmart...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-38Learning Layers – Scaling Technologies for Inf...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-39MaturingInteracting with People at theworkplac...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-40Summary In life-long learning, our minds are ...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-41More Informationhttp://dbis.rwth-aachen.de/cms...
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Public Clouds for Learning

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Life-long learning is a crucial but hard to balance demand in the face of competing demands of work and private life. Many life-long learners simply do not find the time or do not have the resources for intensive or immerse instructions. For this reason, life-long learners need to identify and exploit the breaks spread across different places and throughout the day/week and when other distractions are temporarily halted and attention can be diverted to learning. Yet another challenge is the curating of reusable personalized learning content and tools. Information overload is a much greater threat than information scarcity. There is a plethora of learning and informational content on the Internet, but there is also too much of it and the learners are flooded with information and tool choices. Losing control an focus often lead to non-satisfying learning experiences and may result in stopping all learning activities. Where the pain is one also may find the cure.

With mobile and cloud eco systems new heterogeneous kinds of informal learning are now available to life-long learners. Personal cloud reflects the "4S experience", consumers' desire to store, synch, stream, and share their content regardless of device or platform seamlessly, using multiple connected devices such as smartphones, media tablets, televisions and PCs over the Internet. Personal cloud services are not tied to one specific device or platform. An invisible experience means it works on anything. This personal info-cloud is centered on the individual; it provides continuous access, the content is organized for personal use and the applications and services are task, action and context aware.

Link: http://dbis.rwth-aachen.de/cms/projects/i5cloud/personal-clouds

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Public Clouds for Learning

  1. 1. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-1 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.Personal Clouds for LearningDejan Kovachev & Ralf KlammaRWTH Aachen UniversityAdvanced Community Information Systems (ACIS){kovachev|klamma}@dbis.rwth-aachen.de
  2. 2. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-2ResponsiveOpenCommunityInformationSystemsCommunityVisualizationandSimulationCommunityAnalyticsCommunitySupportWebAnalyticsWebEngineeringAdvanced CommunityInformation Systems (ACIS)RequirementsEngineeringhttp://dbis.rwth-aachen.de/cms/research/ACIShttp://beamtenherrschaft.blogspot.com/
  3. 3. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-3Table of Contents Motivation– Life-long learning– The extended mind Background Personal Clouds– Cloud computing and Personal Clouds– Personal knowledge management– Self-regulated and informal learning Case Studies in TEL– End-user programming– Micro-learning– Learning Layers project– Multi-device learning
  4. 4. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-4Life-long Learning Life-long learning is crucial for achieving economicgrowth, competitiveness and social inclusion However, many issues exist– Information overload– Tools overload– Limited time– Hard to balance work and private life– Breaks for learning are spread across places and time– Limited attention– Learning is not the primary activity
  5. 5. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-5The Extended Mind Where does the mind stop and the rest of the worldbegin?*– Cognitive processes aren’t all in the head– Active externalism – the environment has an active casualrole in driving cognitive processes– Coupled system – the environment is part of the thought We all have minds that extend out into ourenvironments– Reliance, accessibility and trust* Clark and Chalmers (1998), „The extended mind,“ Analysis
  6. 6. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-6The Mind as a Cloud Is our cognitive state spread across theInternet? Humans are “natural-born cyborgs,” andthe Internet is our giant “extended mind” Move from just-in-case learning(memorization) to just-in-time learning(interaction) Through cloud-based mobile devices theglobal mind is effectively an extension ofour minds
  7. 7. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-7Personal Clouds for LearningPersonalKnowledgeManagementInformalLearningPersonalCloud
  8. 8. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-8Cloud Computing Definition“Cloud Computing is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurablecomputing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage,applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisionedand released with minimal management effort or serviceprovider interaction.” – NIST Cloud computing allows to develop, deploy and run applicationsthat can– Easily grow capacity (scalability),– Work fast (performance),– Never, or at least rarely, fail (reliability) No concern to the nature and location of the underlying infrastructure
  9. 9. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-9Cloud Computing AnalogyD. Kossmann, T. Kraska (2010). Data Management in the Cloud: Promises, State-of-the-art, and Open Questions.
  10. 10. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-10What is a Personal Cloud? Gartner’s top 10important trendsfor 2013 * ForresterResearch predictsit as a$12 billionmarket by 2016Source: Forrester Research* http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2209615
  11. 11. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-11Personal Cloud Experience Personal clouds wont replace the PCs but rather augment them The “4S” experience– Store, sync, stream, share Devices, platforms don’t matter so much - Eco systems matters more– Seamless flow of content between– Device to device– Person between person– Screen to screen– Location to location– Access anywhere at anytime– Universal access to learning
  12. 12. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-12Personal InfoCloud Features– Centered around the individual– Continuous access– Content organized for personaluse– Task, action, context awareapps and serivcesT. VanderWal (2005), http://de.slideshare.net/vanderwal/designing-for-personal-infocloud
  13. 13. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-13InfoCloudshttp://de.slideshare.net/vanderwal/designing-for-personal-infocloud
  14. 14. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-14InfoCloudshttp://de.slideshare.net/vanderwal/designing-for-personal-infocloud
  15. 15. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-15How to a Build Personal Cloud?http://de.slideshare.net/infe/cloud-learning-learning-environments-in-the-cloud-era
  16. 16. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-16Cloud Learning Environment Free to use the tools On-demand education Doesn’t follow any design or learning process PLE/VLE/CLE are all different views of the same idea Great for life-long learning and forming learningnetworks that are non institutional
  17. 17. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-17Personal Knowledge Management A collection of processes that a person uses to gather,classify, store, search, retrieve, and share knowledge in hisor her daily activities The way in which these processes support work activities Skills associated with personal knowledge management:– Reflection: Continuous improvement on how the individual operates– Manage learning: Manage how and when the individual learns– Information literacy: Understanding what information is importantand how to find unknown information– Organizational skills: Personal librarianship. Personalcategorization and taxonomieshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personal_knowledge_management
  18. 18. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-18Time Managementhttp://cacm.acm.org/magazines/2011/3/105311-managing-time
  19. 19. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-19Different Styles of Learning Personal learning Informal learning Self-regulated learning Mobile learning
  20. 20. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-20Long Tail Effect in Personal Learning The long tail of personal knowledge in life-longlearning Bottom-up approach to knowledge managementHigh-quality, specially designed,learning materials like books orcourse materialGaps in personal knowledgeidentified mostly by real-worldpractice
  21. 21. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-21CASE STUDIES
  22. 22. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-22End-user Programming End-user tools and platformsthat lower the barrier tocreating mashups Able to combine functionalityand data from multiple websites to help users solve tasksnot originally envisioned bythe web site designers– Extract, aggregate,visualize data– GUI assembly tools
  23. 23. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-23
  24. 24. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-24
  25. 25. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-25Micro-learning Micro-learning deals with *– relatively small learning units (micro-content) and narrow topics– short-term-focused activities– relatively short effort, operating expense, degree of time consumption, measurabletime, subjective time, etc.– Discontinuous attention– Small learning activities interwoven into our daily life A learning activity on small pieces of knowledge based on Webresources– Web content as a primary inexpensive source for personal knowledge enrichment– Loosely regulated learning processes for heterogeneous content* T. Hug (2005), “Micro Learning and Narration - Exploring Possibilities of Utilization of Narrations and Storytellingfor the Designing of “micro units” and Didactical Micro-learning Arrangements”
  26. 26. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-26Design-driven Pedagogy Guidelines for designing micro-learning experiences– Periphery/causality– Flow, up-to-date, synchronized– Gesture-driven– Openness– Simplicity– Comfort with tools, learning methods, devicesLindner (2009), „What is Microlearning?“
  27. 27. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-27Micro-learning Workflow Micro-learning consists of– fast, convenient and instant capture ofthe self-identified knowledge gaps– sense-making with the help of Webresources– unobtrusive creation of learning objectsout of Web resources, and– integration of that learning object intosmall learning activities interwoven intoour daily life Considerations– Disparity of the identification, sense-making and learning periods (andavailable devices)– Minimize distraction and interruption
  28. 28. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-28Example: Language Learninggaps in personalknowledgeWeb sourcesmicroinformationsubject to:arg maxeffort
  29. 29. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-29Concrete Experience
  30. 30. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-30Query and Answer Seeking Information gathering –collection ofinformation frommultiple sourcesaccounts for 13.4% ofoveral Web usage* „Research missions“account for 25% ofYahoo! searchvolume*** Kellar et al. (2007) A field study charcterizing web-based information seeking tasks, 2007** Donato et al. (2010) Do you want to take notes? Identifying research missions in Yahoo! Search Pad
  31. 31. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-31End-user Learning Content GatheringD. Kovachev, Y. Cao, R. Klamma, and M. Jarke (2011), „Learnas-you-go: New Ways of Cloud-BasedMicro-Learning for the Mobile Web”
  32. 32. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-32Web Content Scraping
  33. 33. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-33Mobile Flash Card Learning App
  34. 34. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-34Multi-device LearningOne user –Multiplepersonal computingdevicesMultiple users –One (logical)mobile webapplicationdelivered throughthe cloudCloud ofheterogeneouspersonalcomputing devicesand users’collaboration
  35. 35. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-35Space (shared by multiple users)ROLE FrameworkWeb application (composed of widgets)Widget (collaborative webcomponent)http://role-sandbox.eu/
  36. 36. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-36DireWolf Framework:Distributed User Interfaces (DUI) Challenge for a web application with only one device Goal: distribute widgets over multiple devices of the single userwhen requires full screen video,other widgets become unreachableexpand the application to multiple devicesMap on iPhone Other widgets on PCVideo player on iPad
  37. 37. Tablets:video players withmulti-touch interactionLaptops andPCs: text editingSingle-deviceUIMulti-devicedistributedUISmartphones:on-site video capture, geo-tagging on maps andvideo annotationD. Kovachev, D. Renzel, P. Nicolaescu, and R. Klamma (2013), DireWolf: Distributing and Migrating User Interfacesfor Widget-based Web Applications
  38. 38. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-38Learning Layers – Scaling Technologies for Informal LearningLearning Layers – Scaling up Technologies forInformal Learning in SME Clusters
  39. 39. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-39MaturingInteracting with People at theworkplacePaul discovers a problem at theconstruction site with PLC equipment ...Generating dynamic LearningMaterialThe regional training center observes theQ&A and links it to their course material...Q: How to use PLC equipment …?• I have seen this before here …• Last time I did it, I …• Here is something helpfulSocial Semantic LayerEmerging shared meaning,giving contextEnergy ConsumptionLightningX3-PVQX3-PJCX3-POZ PLC EquipmentInstructional Taxonomy• What is …• How to …• Example of …Tutorial: How to Use PLCWhat is PLCHow to use it?ExamplesFurther InformationHot Questions andAnswersWork Practice Taxonomy• Installation• Testing• OperationPeterPaulMaryInteracting in the PhysicalWorkplacePhysical workplace is equipped with QRtags, learning materials are deliveredjust in time ...A list of helpful resources• Tutorials: How to use …• Persons: Peter, Mary, …• Work Practice: Installation,..• Concepts: PLC, Lightning• Q&A: …,Learning Layers integrates working and learning in the regionallearning ecosystem of the building and construction industry
  40. 40. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-40Summary In life-long learning, our minds are under attack, buttechnology seeks to extend cognitive states acrossthe Web of Knowledge Personal Clouds need to– provide a seamless user experience across multipledevices and platforms,– provide means for personal knowledge management andlearning– support open personal learning content, services,interactions and strategies
  41. 41. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems)Prof. Dr. M. JarkeI5-KoKl-0513-41More Informationhttp://dbis.rwth-aachen.de/cms/projects/i5cloud/personal-clouds

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