Bird Flu


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We have to know the 'Bird Flu' to take proper precaution and to prevent.

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Bird Flu

  1. 1. BIRD FLU & Its Effects
  2. 2. What is Bird Flu? <ul><li>Bird flu, or avian influenza, is an infectious disease of birds caused by type A strains of the influenza virus. </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic poultry such as chickens and turkeys most susceptible </li></ul>
  3. 3. Bird Flu - Just A Disease
  4. 4. Background of the Disease <ul><li>Migratory waterfowl - most notably wild ducks - are the natural reservoir of bird flu viruses. </li></ul><ul><li>Can spread to domestic poultry </li></ul><ul><li>Live bird markets have also played an important role in the spread of epidemics. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The signs of Infection <ul><li>Sudden death. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of energy and appetite. </li></ul><ul><li>Swelling of head, eyelids, comb, wattles and legs. </li></ul><ul><li>Purple discolouration of wattles and comb. </li></ul><ul><li>Nasal discharge </li></ul><ul><li>Diarrhoea </li></ul>
  7. 7. Safe to keep poultry as pets? <ul><li>Risk of pet birds getting infected is very low </li></ul><ul><li>All imported live birds monitored by AVA for infectious diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>Precautions : Keep birds in enclosure so that they do not come into contact with wild birds. </li></ul>
  8. 8. How Does Bird Flu Spread? <ul><li>From another bird. </li></ul><ul><li>If come into contact with dirt, cages, or any surfaces that have been contaminated by sick birds. </li></ul><ul><li>If birds' infected feces and saliva get on farming equipment, like tractor wheels, clothing, & cages. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Present Concern <ul><li>&quot;highly pathogenic&quot; Asian strain of the H5N1 virus. </li></ul><ul><li>Four different subtypes of H5N1 discovered </li></ul><ul><li>However, it is important to note that H5N1 is overwhelmingly a disease that affects birds - and not humans. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Treatment of the Bird Flu with massive doses of ascorbate would be the same as any other flu
  12. 12. How do humans get bird flu? <ul><li>First human cases were seen in Hong Kong in 1997. </li></ul><ul><li>Humans catch the disease through close contact with live infected birds or bird droppings. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Symptoms of bird flu <ul><li>Fever </li></ul><ul><li>Sore throat </li></ul><ul><li>Lethargy </li></ul><ul><li>Headache </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle aches </li></ul><ul><li>Conjunctivitis (Eye Infection) </li></ul><ul><li>Breathing problems </li></ul><ul><li>Chest pains </li></ul>
  14. 14. In February 2005, researchers in Vietnam reported cases of bird flu where the virus infected the brain and digestive tract of two children. Both died. These cases make it clear that bird flu in humans may not always look like typical cases of flu.
  16. 16. Treatments <ul><li>Studies done in laboratories suggest that the prescription medicines approved for human influenza viruses should work in treating avian influenza infection in humans. </li></ul><ul><li>Tamiflu, an anti-viral drug, appears to be effective in treating bird flu. </li></ul>
  17. 17. What should I do in Flu? <ul><li>Rest. </li></ul><ul><li>Drink plenty of liquids. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid using alcohol and tobacco. </li></ul><ul><li>Consult local doctor to take medication to relieve the symptoms of flu. </li></ul><ul><li>Antiviral Medications can also be used to prevent the flu. </li></ul>
  18. 18. What Are We Doing About It? <ul><li>We have more information and resources available today than the last flu pandemic occurred more than 30 years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>Health officials around the world are working together to try to make sure that bird flu doesn't spread — and to keep people safe. </li></ul><ul><li>The World Health Organization (WHO) has created an emergency plan to handle a pandemic, including stockpiling antiviral medications to help people if they do become infected. </li></ul>
  19. 19. The La Jolla Institute for Allergy & Immunology (LIAI) is making significant strides in the battle against the avian “bird” flu, with pre-clinical trials under way on a potential treatment conceived by one of its scientists. Mitchell Kronenberg, LIAI President and Scientific Director said, “We are particularly excited that our research shows promise against the avian flu, as that may be the most urgent health issue now facing the world.” ADVANCEMENT
  20. 20. How Can You Protect Yourself? <ul><li>In most places, there is no immediate threat to humans from bird flu. </li></ul><ul><li>The best way to protect yourself is by doing the same things you do to protect yourself from any contagious illness. </li></ul><ul><li>Thoroughly wash your hands with soap and water </li></ul><ul><li>Take proper food safety precautions . </li></ul>
  21. 21. What are the real chances of it affecting you or your pet birds? <ul><li>The answer is practically none. </li></ul><ul><li>There is not a case of human to human transfer yet . </li></ul><ul><li>The H5N1 strain is the only strain to affect humans. </li></ul><ul><li>Influenza viruses do not persist in environments outside the hosts for long (ideal condition about a week) </li></ul>
  23. 23. Is it safe to eat poultry and poultry products? <ul><li>Yes , though certain precautions should be followed in countries currently experiencing outbreaks. </li></ul><ul><li>Poultry and poultry products can be prepared and consumed following good hygienic practices and proper cooking, with no fear of acquiring infection with the H5N1 virus. </li></ul><ul><li>It can be safely consumed provided these items are properly cooked and properly handled during food preparation. </li></ul>
  24. 24. The Safe Cooking measures <ul><li>The H5N1 virus is sensitive to heat. </li></ul><ul><li>Normal temperatures used for cooking (70 degrees Celsius in all parts of the food) will kill the virus. </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers need to be sure that all parts of the poultry are fully cooked (no “pink” parts) </li></ul><ul><li>The eggs, too, should be properly cooked (no “runny” yolks). </li></ul>
  25. 25. Bird Flu is NOT a Threat! <ul><li>You cannot get avian influenza from properly handled and cooked poultry and eggs. </li></ul><ul><li>There currently is no scientific evidence that people have been infected with bird flu by eating safely handled and properly cooked poultry or eggs. </li></ul><ul><li>ORDER FOR SPANISH OMLET NOW!! </li></ul>
  26. 26. Thank You