DefinitionAccording to Fred Luthans” Personality means how a person affectsothers & how he understands & viewshimself as well as the pattern of inner& outer measurable traits and theperson-situation interaction”.
Bonner provides 6 propositionsto classify the nature ofpersonality within the contextof change & development .
Human behaviour is composed of acts.Personality visualized as a whole actualises itself in a particular environment.It is distinguished by self consistency.It forms a time-integrating structure.It is a goal oriented behaviour.It is a process of becoming.
Determinants of personalityheredity personalityenvironment
HeredityHeredity plays an important role indetermining an individual’s personality.We generally refer to the traits likephysique , intelligence etc...the importanceof heredity varies from one personality traitto another. if all personality traits aredetermined by heredity , they would not bechanged through out the life.
EnvironmentEnvironment also plays a veryimportant role in the development ofpersonality of a person .Environmentcomprises Culture Family SocialSituational Factors
CultureIt is a unique system of perceptions ,beliefs ,values ,norms andcode of conduct the influences the behaviour of individuals ina given society.FamilyFamily Influence the behaviour of a person in the earlystages. The nature of such influence will depend uponthe factors like family size , race , religion ,parent’seducational level etc..
SocialContacts with the others of the family and social groupsinfluence his socialisation process. It includes school mates,friends ,colleagues etc..SituationalEvery individual goes through different type of experiences& events in his life. some events and experiences can serveas important determinants of his personality.
Types of personalities • Introvert & Extrovert • Type A & Type B • Judging & Perspective
IntrovertPersons with introvert orientation areprimarily oriented to the subjective world.such people look inward & experience &process their thoughts & ideas withinthemselves. they also avoid social contacts &initiating interactions with others
ExtrovertExtroverts are just contrary to introverts.Extroverts are friendly ,lively , sociable ,aggressive and express their feeling andideas open .They are more suitable andsuccessful for the positions that requireconsiderable interaction with others ..
Extrovert Introvert• Like variety and action. • Like quite for• Like to have people concentration. around. • Work contentedly alone.• Usually communicate • Problems in freely. communicating.• Often act quickly • Think a lot before they sometimes without act something. thinking.
Type A & Type BType AThey are characterised by hardworking,aggressive high achievement oriented ,impatient have a sense of time urgency withcompetitive drive etc… They tend to be veryhard working and productive. They are workholics.
Type BEasy going , sociable , free from urgency oftime & non competitive are thecharacteristics of type B. such people dobetter on tasks involving judgments ,accuracy rather than speed and teamwork.
Judging & perspectiveJudgingPeople with judging personality types like tofollow a plan, make decisions & need onlythat what is essential for their work.PerspectiveThey are people who adopt were to change,want to know all about a job and at timemay get over committed.
Judging vs perceptive judging perceptive• May decide things too • May have trouble quickly. making decision.• Want only essential • Want to know all things needed to begin about their work. their work.• Work best when they • Adopt well to can plan & follow the changing situations. plan.
Conclusionit is clear that personality is a complexconcept that reflects many influences bothfrom within and outside the individual.