LatinoImmigrationand EducationArnoldo Curiel and Kristy Otte
About the presenters:Kristy Otte Arnoldo Curielkristy.email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
Presentation Outline● Terms● Activity● Latino immigration history in the U. S.● Immigration trends in Minnesota● Educational implications● Closing
Diversity within Latino community… A An Americana heritage Mexicanto the USA to People whoMexico.descent heritageLatin America. citizen of have a cultural born in related of Mexican having citizen of related descent.Mexican and who Spain. primarily speak English.Mexican-AmericanHispanicLatinoChicano Photo courtesy of Arnoldo Curiel. Used with permission.
ActivityAnticipation Guide1. Log in: m.socrative.com2. Wait for prompt.
#1True/ FalseI understand the history of Latinoimmigration.
#2True/FalseMy school meets the needs of its Latinostudents.
#3True/FalseLatino students have access to the sameopportunities and resources as otherstudents.
#4Short AnswerWhat would make school a more successfulplace for Latino students?
History of Latino Immigration tothe U.S What happened to the Mexicans living in the territory that was taken by the USA?
Early Immigration1849: California Gold Rush ○ Americans flocked westward and Mexicans moved north to find gold ○ Mexican Americans often lost their land to the newcomers“The California Gold Rush” from the American History frieze in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda. Courtesy of TheArchitect of the Capitol.
Early Immigration● 1900 -1910 1 million The Robert Runyon Photograph Collection, , courtesy of The Center immigrants● 1910 - Revolution in Mexico resulted in widespread for American History, The University of Texas at Austin. violence; many fled Mexico in search of safety in the United States● Strong US economy meant jobs were available
Early Immigration ● 1920’s - After WW I, USA restricted the number of European immigrants ● Short of labor, US government and businesses actively encouraged Mexican immigration ● 1980s - 1990sLibrary of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, George Grantham 700,000 ImmigrantsBain Collection, LC-USZ62-97491 per year
Poverty in Latin America Over half of Latin people live in poverty ○ Overcrowded homes ○ Huts with dirt floors ○ No running water, no toilets ○ No electricity ○ No beds, no furniture ○ Malnutrition, hungerSueno by Diego Rivera. Used with permission.
Why do Latinos want to come to the USA?● Economy is better in the USA● To improve the lives of family members— better jobs and education● Better health care Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, FSA-OWI Collection, LC-USF34-016792-C
Why do Latinos want to come tothe USA? ● For women— greater protection under the laws and more opportunities for education & jobs ● At times, to escape violence at home ● To escape extreme poverty La Molendera by Diego Rivera. Used with permission.
Minnesota TrendsOn St.Pauls WestSide
Latino immigration to MinnesotaLatinos in Minnesota: Cuban 2,527 Guatemala 1,684 Mexican 95,613 Puerto Rican 6,616 Salvadoran 2,005 (MN Census of 2000)
Minnesota Immigration RatesBetween 1990 and 2000 the immigrantpopulation increased by more than 130%,compared with a 57% rise nationwide.The 2010 Census shows a 75% increase inthe Hispanic population in Minnesota since2000 (State Demographic Center).
Minnesotawork ● housing L ○ agriculture ○ affordable ○ factories ○ social ○ labor services● schools ○ programs ● family ○ magnetgs
Minnesota = Ellis Island?
Minnesota Schools●Since 2003, the Latino student body continues to grow at approximately 6% per year in Minnesota. ● % increase Latino students
Achievement Gap in MinnesotaA clear disparity exists between Latinostudents and their white counterparts.Minnesota has one of the lowest graduationrates in the country for Latinos at 53%.
Challenges for students in K-12 ○ societal ○ political ○ cultural
Educational Implications K-12● Programs for academic achievement● Programs for retention● Advocacy and outreach
Educational Implications -college
Educational Implications -college
Recommendations● Culturally Responsive Teaching● Sheltered Instruction for English Learners (ELs) or co-taught content courses● Bilingual, transitional bilingual, language support● The Dream Act ○ 2012 Election
Questions?Access the presentation at :
ResourcesAmerican Memory: Historical Collections of the National Digital Library.Immigration – Mexican. Updated 2003. Retrieved from the Internet April 2004(memory.loc.gov/learn/features/immig/alt/mexican.html).Fennelly, K. (2006). State and local policy response to immigration in Minnesota.Hubert H. Humphrey Institute. Report to the Century Foundation, University ofMinnesota.Gonzales, Manuel G. Mexicanos: A History of Mexicans in the United States.Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1999.Lustig, Nora. Poverty in Mexico: An Empirical Analysis. January 1993. Retrievedfrom the Internet April 2004 (www.nd.edu/~kellogg/WPS/188.pdf).
ResourcesLustig, Nora. Poverty in Mexico: An Empirical Analysis. January 1993. Retrievedfrom the Internet April 2004 (www.nd.edu/~kellogg/WPS/188.pdf).US Census Bureau. Hispanic Origin Population Density. Retrieved from theInternet December 2003 (www.census.gov/geo/www/mapGallery/images/hispanic.jpg).US Department of State. Country Studies – Mexico, June 1996. Retrieved from theInternet March 2004 (lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/mxtoc.html).2010 Census Results. http://www.mnplan.state.mn.us/demography. StateDemographic Center.