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    3886 3886 Document Transcript

    • ‫ﺍﳍﻴﻤﻨﺔ ﺍﳊﻀﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﳋﺮﻃﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﱪﻯ‬ ‫א‬ ‫٠  ‬ ‫-٢-‬
    • ........................................................................................ ....................................................................................... ........................................... ......................................... .................. : ..................................................................................... .................................................................................... ................................................................................... -٣-
    • [ ] : primate city . . : " " " " " . -٤-
    • Urban Primacy : .[ ] : ] [ : . Spacing ] .[ Urban Hierarchy .[ ] : [ ] -٥-
    • . ] .[ Law Primate City "Jefferson, M. " of Rank " " Zipf G.,K., " - Size Rule Urban Balance " % [ ]% % ( ) ÷ .[ ] ÷ primacy index : .[ ] -٦-
    • poverty belts tin villages green belts suburbans : ( ) / / , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . ] .( ) [ -٧-
    • ‫دان 3791 ـ 3891‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫09‬ ‫08‬ ‫07‬ ‫06‬ ‫3791‬ ‫05‬ ‫3891‬ ‫/آ 2‬ ‫04‬ ‫03‬ ‫02‬ ‫01‬ ‫0‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا و ـ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ د ـن‬ ‫دار ــ ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ــ ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ال‬ ‫) (‬ ‫%‬ ‫%‬ ‫[‬ ‫]‬ ‫%‬ ‫..‬ ‫(‬ ‫)‬ ‫[‬ ‫]‬ ‫.. %‬ ‫%‬ ‫] 94-91 [‬ ‫%‬ ‫%‬ ‫:‬ ‫%‬ ‫( 33‬ ‫33‬ ‫% % ( 3(‬ ‫6(&5/*‬ ‫04‬ ‫53‬ ‫03‬ ‫5‬ ‫52‬ ‫02‬ ‫37-3891‬ ‫51‬ ‫01‬ ‫5‬ ‫0‬ ‫%‬ ‫& ! "(‬ ‫&) '‬ ‫&$‬ ‫&‬‫#‬ ‫#(‬ ‫!! (‬ ‫)'‬ ‫! !"&‬ ‫!$ &‬ ‫'‬ ‫%‬ ‫%!‬ ‫"‬ ‫) (‬ ‫-٨-‬
    • ( ) % % , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Ibrahim , S. , Theory and Ideology in Sudanese Urban Studies , in: Der Wel , P. V. , and Ahmed , A. M. , Perspectives on Development in The Sudan , The Hague , March , 1986 , p. 49. , : , , : . -٩-
    • * ( ) % % % , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Abdel Rahman , B. , A. , The Urban Primacy of Greater Khartoum , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region, Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990 , p. 247. % % , . % , . - ١٠ -
    • ( ) . . Davies , H. , R. , J. , population change in the capital region , in : Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region Khartoum ,University Press , 1990 .p.138 ( ) - ١١ -
    • % .( ) [ ] " " " " " " " " " " . Davies , H. , R. , J. , population change in the capital region , in : Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region Khartoum ,University Press , 1990 .p.138 (٤) ‫ر‬ ١٩٨٩/١٩٢٤ ‫ث‬ ‫را نا‬ - ١٢ -
    • ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫) (.‬ ‫]2-31[‬ ‫ر )٥(‬ ‫- ٣١ -‬
    • % , % % , :( ) , ( ) , , , , , % Davies , H. , R. , J. , Population Change in the Capital Region , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region, Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990 , p. 132. 1990-1904 ‫ى‬ ‫ما‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ر‬ 4000 3500 3000 2500 ‫أ‬ 2000 1500 1000 500 0 1904 1956 1971 1983 1990 ( ) - ١٤ -
    • Kheir , O. , M. , unauthorized settlement in -El Greater Khartoum , in Abu Sin , M., E. , and of Sudan 's Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future ( ) Over [16-254] Urbanization : % Slum Areas Shanties “ " ( ) [16-254] - ١٥ -
    • : : ( ) plots : ( ) (%) , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , % , , , Abdulla , M., and Abu Sin , M., E., Landuse in Sudan 's Capital City , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region, Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990, p.81. housing malaise illegal unleased % [11-83] .( ) - ١٦ -
    • Abdulla , M., and Abu Sin , M., E., Landuse in Sudan 's Capital City , in : Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region, Kh t U i it P ( ) % , , % , . % % , % , % : % - ١٧ -
    • ( ) , , , % , , , % Davies , H. , R. , J. , Population Change in The Capital Region , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region, Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990 , p.133. ( ) % % % % % % : ( ) % % % % * , , , , , , , % % % * Hag Ahmed , E., E., Rural Khartoum Development Systems , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990 , p.91. % , % % % , % % % , % % - ١٨ -
    • : ١٩٨٣ - ١٩٥٦ ‫ى‬ ‫ما‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ر‬ (٩) ‫ر‬ ( ) *% *% *% / [ ] * Hag Ahmed , E., E., Rural Khartoum Development Systems , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990 , p.88. ( ) : - ١٩ -
    • ( ) , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Hag Ahmed , E., E., Rural Khartoum Development Systems , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990, p.88. % % % .[21-3] % % % [% ] :( ) [13-1] - ٢٠ -
    • Davies , H. , R. , J. , population change in the capital region , in : Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region Khartoum ,University Press , 1990 . ( ) ( ) % % % Davies , H. , R. , J. , and Abu Sin , M., E. , the heart of Sudan , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990 , p 138. % ( ) . - ٢١ -
    • ( ) % % % % : ( ) % % [ ] [ ] - ٢٢ -
    • % % [ ] [ ] , , , / , Davies , H. , R. , J. , Population Change in The Capital Region , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990 , p p.132. " " " , " % spontaneously .[15-177] : : " " [14-257 ] ( ) . .( ) - ٢٣ -
    • . " " : [14-257]* % % % ( ) % % , , , , , , , Abdel Rahman , B. , A. , The Urban Primacy of Greater Khartoum , in:Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum 1990 , p. 246. - ٢٤ -
    • ** [ % ] : [% ] ( ) % % , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Abdel Rahman , B. , A. , The Urban Primacy of Greater Khartoum , in:Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum 1990 , p. 246. " " * . " " ** . ( ) : "displaced camps " - ٢٥ -
    • Davies , H. , R. , J. , Population Change in The Capital Region , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990 , p p.135. ( ) ( ) / % - ٢٦ -
    • / % / / / Abdel Ati , H. , A. , Child Vagrancy in The National Capital , in: in:Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum 1990 , p. 170. . . - ٢٧ -
    • ( ) / Abdel Rahman , B. , A. , The Urban Primacy of Greater Khartoum , in:Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum 1990 , p. 247. - ٢٨ -
    • : leading core . peripheries primate city % : localized : - ٢٩ -
    • ( ) % % % % % % , % .( ) 33 3 ( 2*/ 5&%3 (-(& /1 &( -2 % ( ) ( ( % & 1600000 1400000 1200000 *$# # ## # 1000000 )*##### ## 800000 )#&3 $ )$ -##$ #'$ 600000 )$#### $# # 400000 200000 0 ))3 ,. -& ) - $ $ )*& ,$& )% # % ( ) - ٣٠ -
    • . [ ] ( ) / / = Davies , H. , R. , J. , Population Change in The Capital Region , in Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum 1990 , p. 247. inducement [12-58] Alonso, W. " " . : [15-95] - ٣١ -
    • : ( ) % % , , , , , , , , , , , , % , Abdel Rahman , B. , A. , the urban primacy of Greater Khartoum , in Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum 1990 , p. 246. space . . - ٣٢ -
    • % ( )% % % : ( ) % , , , , , , Moharir, V., V. and Kagwe, S., Administrative Reforms and Development Planning in The Sudan (1956-1975), University of Khartoum. September 1987, p. 116. % : ( ) % % ( ) , , Ibrahim , S. , Theory and Ideology in Sudanese Urban Studies , in: Der Wel , P. V. , and Ahmed , A. M. , Perspectives on Development in The Sudan , The Hague , March , 1986 , p. 49. - ٣٣ -
    • " " : % . " " . " " core region - ٣٤ -
    • peripheries . underdeveloped parts in underdeveloped country . - ٣٥ -
    • . : : ( ) % . - ٣٦ -
    • " " . core peripheries " " . " " " " " " % % : % % . - ٣٧ -
    • " " . % % % : . % " " growth poles or growth centers - ٣٨ -
    • . : Abu Sin , M. , E. , and Davies , H. , R. , J. , eds. , The Future of Sudan ' s Capital Region , A Study in Development and Change , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990. Urban Primacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.Ibrahim , S. , Theory and Ideology in Sudanese Urban Studies , in: Der Wel , P. V. , and Ahmed , A. M. , Perspectives on Development in The Sudan , The Hague , March , 1986 , p. 49. . . 15.Abdel Rahman , B. , A. , The Urban Primacy of Greater Khartoum , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , Op.Cit , p. 247. . : Davies , H. , R. , J. , and Abu Sin , M., E. , The Heart of Sudan , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , Op.Cit, p.2. 17.Ibid. p. 2. 18.Davies , H. , R. , J. , Population Change in the Capital Region , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , Op.Cit, p. 132. 19.El - Bushra, S., and Hijazi, N., B., The Impact of Greater Khartoum on the Rest of The Sudan, in: Abu Sin, M., E., and Davies, H., R., J., eds., op.cit, p.254. 20.Loc. cit. 21.Abdulla , M., and Abu Sin , M., E., Landuse in Sudan 's Capital City , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , Op.Cit, p.81. 22.ibid, p. 83. 23.Davies , H. , R. , J. , Population Change in The Capital Region , in : Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , Op.Cit, p.133. - ٣٩ -
    • 24.Hag Ahmed, E., E., Rural Khartoum Development Systems, in: Abu Sin M., E., and Davies, H., R., J., eds., Op.Cit, p.91. 25.Hag Ahmed, E., E., Rural Khartoum Development Systems, in: Abu Sin M., E., and Davies, H., R., J., eds., Op.Cit, p.88. 26.EL - Agraa, O., et al., Popular Settlements in Greater Khartoum, SGAHS, Khartoum, 1985, p. 99. 27.United Nations World population chart, 1990, p.3. 28.Davies , H. , R. , J. , and Abu Sin , M., E. , The Heart of Sudan , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , Op.Cit, p.1. 29.Davies , H. , R. , J. , and Abu Sin , M., E. , the heart of Sudan , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , op. cit. p 138. 30.Davies , H. , R. , J. , Population Change in The Capital Region , in : Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , Op.Cit, p.132. 31.El Agraa, O., et al., popular settlements in Greater Khartoum, SGAHS, Khartoum, 1985, p. 177. : . Davies, H., R., J., Population Change in the Capital Region, op. cit. p. 257. . . " " . . " " . . 36.Abdel Rahman , B. , A. , the urban primacy of Greater Khartoum , in:Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. ,op. cit , p. 246. 37.ibid. p. 247. 38.Abdel Ati , H. , A. , Child Vagrancy in The National Capital , in::Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , op. cit. , p. 246. 39.Davies, H., R., J., Population Change in the Capital Region, op. cit. p. 134. 40.Alonso , W. , Location theory , in: Friedmann , J. and Alonso , W. , eds. , Regional Development And Planning, The M.I.T., Cambridge, Massa. , 1964. p. 58. 41.El Agraa, O., op. cit., p. 95. 42.Abdel Rahman, B., A., op. cit. p. 251. 43.Moharir, V., V. and Kagwe, S., Administrative Reforms and Development Planning in The Sudan (1956-1975), University of Khartoum. September 1987, p. 116. 44.Ibrahim , S. , Theory and Ideology in Sudanese Urban Studies , in: Der Wel , P. V. , and Ahmed , A. M. , Perspectives on Development in The Sudan , The Hague , March , 1986 , p. 49 - ٤٠ -
    • ( ) , , , , , , , % , , , , , , , % , , , , , , , % , , , , , , % , , , , , , % , , , , % ] [ = Abdel Rahman , B. , A. , the urban primacy of Greater Khartoum , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region , University of Khartoum Press , Khartoum 1990 , p. 249. - ٤١ -
    • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. Abdel Ati , H. , A. , child vagrancy in the national capital region , in: Abu Sin , M. , E. , and Davies , H. , R. , J. , eds. , the future of Sudan s capital region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990. 10. Abdel Rahman B. , A. , the urban primacy of Greater Khartoum , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. the future of Sudan's capital region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990. 11. Abdulla , M., and Abu Sin , M., E., landuse in Sudan 's capital city , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H., R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region , Khartoum University Press , 1990. 12. Alonso , W. , Location theory , in: Friedmann , J. and Alonso , W. , eds. , Regional Development And Planning, The M.I.T., Cambridge, Massa. , 1964. 13. Davies , H. , R. , J. , and Abu Sin , M., E. , the heart of Sudan , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region Khartoum ,University Press , 1990. 14. Davies , H. , R. , J. , population change in the capital region , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region Khartoum ,University Press , 1990. 15. El - Basra, S., and Hijazi, N., B. , the impact of Greater Khartoum on the rest of the Sudan , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region Khartoum ,University Press , 1990. 16. El- Kheir , O. , M. , unauthorized settlement in Greater Khartoum , in Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region Khartoum ,University Press , 1990. 17. El Agraa, O., M., et al., popular settlement in Greater Khartoum, SGAHS. Khartoum, 1985. - ٤٢ -
    • 18. Hag Ahmed , E., E., rural Khartoum development systems , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region Khartoum ,University Press , 1990. 19. Ibrahim , S. , Theory and Ideology in Sudanese Urban Studies , in: Der Wel , P. V. , and Ahmed , A. M. , Perspectives on Development in The Sudan , The Hague , March , 1986. 20. Moharir, V., V. and Kagwe, S., Administrative Reforms and Development Planning in The Sudan (1956-1975), University of Khartoum. September 1987. 21. United Nations World population chart - 1990 - ٤٣ -