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  • 1. ‫ّ َ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﻳﺔ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺜﺔ ﰲ ﻣﺼﺮ‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫‬
  • 2. ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ........................................................................................ .............................................................. : ................................. : ......................................... : ......................................... : .............................. : : .................................... : .......................................................................................... ......................................................................... : .............................................................. : ................................................................. : ..................................................................... : ........................................................................... :
  • 3. . . . . " " " " . .
  • 4. . : . . : . . . . . . " " " " " " . .. . .
  • 5. " " " " " " " " . . . .. ." " .
  • 6. . " " . . . , : . . . .
  • 7. " " . ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) . ( ) ( ) ( ) " " " " . . " " " " . ..... : .
  • 8. : . .
  • 9. ) . : : . ( 2- Fredric Jameson: Marxism and from Princeton, New Jersey. Princeton University Press, 1974, p. 315.
  • 10. ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻢ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬
  • 11. . . . . . . : .
  • 12. . . .. . . . . . . . . .
  • 13. ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬ ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  • 14. . . . . . . ( ) .
  • 15. ( ) . . . .
  • 16. . ( ) " .( ) ( ) Problematic Hero . / .
  • 17. . ( ) . ) ( . Point of view . ( ) . .
  • 18. " " " " : . ) .. .( )( . . . " " . " " . .
  • 19. . .( ) ( ) . " " . ) : . . ( . . . . .!
  • 20. ..) .( ) ( ) . . . : . . . . .
  • 21. . / / . . . ( ) . . .( ) .. .. . ) . . .( ) ( : : : .. .. .. ) . .( ) ( .
  • 22. . . . " " . . . . . . : ...)
  • 23. . .( ) ( . : " " " " " " ) : . . .( ) " " ( ) . . : . ) .( .
  • 24. " .. !.. . .. . .( ) " . . . : " " . .
  • 25. : : . . .. . .. . . .. .. (.. ) .. .. .. .. . .. : .. .. .. . .. .. .
  • 26. . .. .. . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. .. . . . .. . .. .. . .. .. (...)
  • 27. . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .( ) . . . . . . : . . .
  • 28. . ( ) ( ) . . ) ( . : .( ) : .( ) : .( )
  • 29. : .. . : . . .. . . . . . . .( ) : .. ( ) ) . .. . . .." .
  • 30. : .( ) : . .. .. : .. " .. .(... .. " .. . : . : . . .. .. .." " . .. .. .( ) .. .. . ,
  • 31. . . ( ) . ( ) . . ( ) ) ) ( . . . . . ( ) ( ).
  • 32. .( ) : .. .." (....) , : ! . : . .. : . . : .. . . .
  • 33. : . : .( ) " . . . . ( ..+ ) . . . : : : ..) : .. : . .. ..
  • 34. : .. . : .. . : . .. .. . . .. . .( ) ( .. ( ) " " . : " " ." " " " " " " " " " . (...) "
  • 35. : . ( ) " " . ... .. ) ..( ) ) .( ) ( ) ( . .( . . .( ) × .( ) × .( ) × .( ) × ) ) .( ) ( .( ) ( .
  • 36. ( ) ( ) ( ) : . . " " . " " ( ) ( ) ( ) .( ) ( ) ( ) .( ) . .( ) . . . ( ) .
  • 37. ( ) . . ( ) . . . ( ) ( ) ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ( ) ( ) " " . ) . (
  • 38. " " " " ." " . ) ( . ( ) . ( ) . .
  • 39. . . ) ( . ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) . .( ) ( ) . . . . . .
  • 40. . . . . . . ( ) . , . . . ) ( . ( ) ( ) . ..( )
  • 41. . . . . . . ) . ." " : . ( ) ( . ( ) :
  • 42. " . . . : ." " ." .( ) " . . , " " . .( ) ( ) . . .. . .
  • 43. . . . . " " .( ) . " " . ": ." . .( ) " " " " " .
  • 44. " " . . : " .( )" , . . . . . . . . . ( ) : . ..
  • 45. ( ) . . . . ) . ( .. : . : .( ) "
  • 46. . . . . : " .. " () . .. . )" ": .( . ." ": " ": ) . ( .
  • 47. . ( ) " ": : .( ) " " ( ) ( ) . : : . .. : .. ..
  • 48. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. .( ) . . .( ) " " . . . . ( ) . ( ) ( )
  • 49. .( ) . ( ) .. " ." : . : " .. ." ." : : " " .( ) . . : .. .
  • 50. Paradox : .( ) . " " : " ." : ." " ." " ." .. " " " .( ) " (" " ) ( ) .
  • 51. " " " ( ) . ( ) . .
  • 52. " " ( ) " " .( ) . .( ) .( ) . / ) ( ) . ( ." " . " " . . " " " " " " " " .
  • 53. : : " " . ." " " " . . . ." " . . " " " " " . . " ." "
  • 54. . ." " : : : . " " .( ) : . : :
  • 55. : .( ) ." " . .
  • 56. . " " . : . ( ) ." " . .
  • 57. . . . " " : . .( ) ." " . " " :
  • 58. " " " " " " . " " . " " ." " . . " " " " . " " " " . . . . . . . . :
  • 59. " " .( ) .. : . . Omniscient : .
  • 60. .( ) : . . . . " " . . . : . . . . " "
  • 61. . . " " . : : ( / ) .( ) " " " " " " .
  • 62. " " : : ( ) . . ( ) " " . " " " " ": "( )
  • 63. ( ) . .( ) . : . . . .
  • 64. . . ( ) " " ( ) " : ( ) : ( ) ) ( ) ( ) : . .. ( ( ) ) ( ) : .( ) ( ) ( ) ( : : .
  • 65. . ( ) . . (2) Goldman, Lucien Toward a Socilogy of the novel trans. By Philip Thoy, Rotebedge Kegan Paul, Lodon, P. 11. . : ( ) . . : ( ) . . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) ( ) . ( ) ( ) . . . ( ) . ( )
  • 66. . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) . ( ) ) ( ) ( ) ( ) . ( : .( ) ( ) . ( ) ) ( ) . ( ( ) . . ( ) . : ( ) . . . . ( ) . . ( ) . ( ) . : ( ) . . ( )
  • 67. . ( ) . ( ) ) ( ) ( ) . ( . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) : : ( ) . . ( ) : : : ( ) . . ( ) (.. ) ( ) . ( ) . : : ( ) . ( ) ( ) . . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( )
  • 68. ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫¯‬ ‫‬ ‫ א‪ ª‬א‬
  • 69. : .( ) ( ): . ( ) . ( ) . . . . .
  • 70. ( ) . . . . " " . .
  • 71. . . . . " " : . . . : " . " ( )
  • 72. ( ) . . " " " " " " " : ."
  • 73. " " . . " : " . . " " " " : " " . " " . . .
  • 74. problematic text Character " " " " : . " " .( ) .
  • 75. .( ) ( ) : ." " ." " ." " " " " " . . . " " . .
  • 76. . . " " . " " " " . .. ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ( ) ( ) . . ( ) ( ) . ( ) ( ) . :( ) . . .
  • 77. . . . . . . : . . . . : : . . : . : : .
  • 78. . . . : . . : . : : .( ) . . . . " " .
  • 79. . . . / / / ) .( ../ / / : . . .
  • 80. . .( ) . : " " " " . . . . . " . : : . . :
  • 81. . : . .( ) " .( ) .( ) : . .( ) . .. . . .
  • 82. . . " "
  • 83. Message " " : .......... . . . . .( ) / / : : / / " : .
  • 84. : .( ) ." : : .( ) : .( ) .
  • 85. . . " " . . . .
  • 86. . : ( ) ..." . ." ( ) . . ( ) .. ( )
  • 87. . " " . . ." " .
  • 88. . . . . . " " . : . . . . . .
  • 89. . .( ) . . . . . . . . . .( ) . . .. .. :
  • 90. . : : . : . . .. .. . .. . . . . : " " : ( ) .. : : ) ( . : ." " " "
  • 91. . . . .( ) . . .( ) . .( ) .. .. .( ) . . . . . .( ) . .
  • 92. . Feminism : ) . .( . . . " " . " " .
  • 93. . . : . . . ." " . . . " "
  • 94. . " " " " " " " ," " . : . . . " " . . . .
  • 95. . : . . .. : . . . . ( ) " . . ( ) . ( ) . " " " " ( ) " " .
  • 96. . . . . . . . . . :
  • 97. ( ) ( ) ( ) . ( ) ( ) " " " " " " . . " " . . .
  • 98. ( ) .( ) .( ) ( ) . . . Foregrounding . " " " . " ( )
  • 99. . " " . .. . .( ) . . . : . : : .. .( ) . .( )
  • 100. . .( ) " .( ) . : ." " " " " " " " .. " " . " " " " . .. : " ..
  • 101. " " " " " " " " ." "" "" " . ( ) Nouveau Roman ( ) .( ) . " " .( ) " . Humanism
  • 102. " " ." " : " . .( ) " ( ) . . " ( ) "
  • 103. " .( ) " . " " ( ) ) " ( " . : " " . . . . " "
  • 104. ( ) ( ) . . . " " " " . . " . . " " " ": " " " " " " " " " . "
  • 105. ! " " " .( ) . . . Type " . " . . . . .( )
  • 106. ." " " ." . . .( ) " " " .( ) " " ." " " . .( ) .
  • 107. : . ) . ( ( ) . . . ) . : ( . . : .
  • 108. . . ( ) .( ) . . . ( ) : . . . " " " " .
  • 109. . .( ) . . . . . : .
  • 110. : : . : . : . : : . . . : . . . : . : . : : : :
  • 111. . . . ( ) / . / . . " " . . . . .
  • 112. . . . . . .
  • 113. " " . " " " " . . . " . ." . " : " " •
  • 114. . .( ) " • . . . ": : ." " .( ) " : ( ) .
  • 115. . . (...) .( ) . . . .
  • 116. . . " " : . (...) .( ) . . . " " . : . ." " " "
  • 117. " . . .
  • 118. " " ( ) . . . . . . . : .
  • 119. .( ) " " . . : . . . . . .
  • 120. : . . . . , " " " " " " " " . : " "
  • 121. " ( ) " . " " " " " ." " : " " : . . " " " " " " " : " " ." " " " :
  • 122. " " " : . ." ." . . " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " ." " " : " ." " " " ." " " " " " " " ." " " " " " .( ) " " , . .
  • 123. : . .. . . ( ) " " .
  • 124. " " " " ) . ( .. ) ( ) ( ) ( ) . . .
  • 125. . .. ." " .. . . .( ) .
  • 126. . ( ) : . . ( ) ( ) . . ) ) .( .. . .(
  • 127. . . . . " " . : . . . . + + ) : ( + ) : :
  • 128. .( + + + + " " . . . . . . . : . : . : .( ) . . " " :
  • 129. • .( ) . • .( ) • . . .( ) ............ : . . : . : . : .( ) . . ............ . .( ) ) ( .
  • 130. . . : " " . " " . . " " .( ) " " : .. .. .. .( ) . :
  • 131. . : .( ) , . . . . : . : : . . : . : . : : : . . : : . : . : : . . : : .( )
  • 132. . " " . . . . . . . . : . : : : . . . .( ) .......... . . :
  • 133. : .( ) .( ) . " " . . . . . .
  • 134. . . . . . ." " . : . .( ) : . .( ) .( ) .( ) .( ) . .( ) .( ) .( )
  • 135. .( ) . . . .. . .( ) ." .. " : .
  • 136. " " . .( ) " .." "" ". " / " ..( ) " " " .
  • 137. . . . " : ." . .( ) . .
  • 138. . " . " . . . . . . :
  • 139. : / . .( ) .( ) : . . .( ) : : : : . . : .( ) : (.............) :
  • 140. . : . . . : . . . .( ) . : . : : . : . . .( ) . ) " ( ( ) " " . .( )
  • 141. . . : . . " " . . :
  • 142. . . . . .( ) • . .( ) . ." " " " " .
  • 143. . : (……………) : .( ) (..
  • 144. .( ) .( ) . : . . " " . . . . • . . • . .
  • 145. . • . . . • . . .. . . . . . . " " . . .
  • 146. . .
  • 147. .( ) ( ): ( ) . . : : ( ) . . . ( ) " " . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) " " : ( ) . ( ) . . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) ( ) . ( ) ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( )
  • 148. . ( ) . ( ) ) ( ) . ( : ( ) ( ) . ( ) ( ) ) .( ) . ( . " " ." " ( ) . . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) ( ) . . ( ) . ( ) ( ) : ": ( ) : : . ) : ( ) . ( . . ( ) ( ) ( )
  • 149. ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) ( ) ( ) . ( ) . ( ) : ( ) . . . : ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
  • 150. ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) : : ( ) . . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) ( ) . ( ) : ( ). ( ) . : : . . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) : ( ) .
  • 151. ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫א‬ ‫¯א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  • 152. " " . Mode of Production Social formation .( ) . . .
  • 153. .
  • 154. : ( ) . : . : . : . . : .
  • 155. ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬ ‫‪ª‬‬ ‫:‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
  • 156. . . .( ) Peripheries Capitalist Metropols . .( ) ( ) .
  • 157. . . " " . . . . . . . .
  • 158. ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫א‬ ‫¯א‬ ‫א‬
  • 159. . . .( ) . . " " " " " " " " . " " .( )
  • 160. " " . .( ) " " . . . " " " " " " " " . . . . . " " . . " " . " " . .
  • 161. . : . : . . .. . ." " . ..
  • 162. " . "( ) .( ) " . ( ) " .( ) .( ) .( ) .( ) . :
  • 163. ‫ﺍﳌﻬﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﻢ‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫"‬ ‫"‬ ‫(‬ ‫)‬ ‫.‬
  • 164. . . . . . ( ) .( ) . . . .( )
  • 165. . . . . . . . . " .( )" .
  • 166. " " . .( ) " " ) .( ) ( . . .( ) .( ) .( ) ( ) .
  • 167. " " . ( ) . . : . . .
  • 168. ( ) ( ) ( ) . . . .. . . . .. . . . . : .
  • 169. . . . . . . ( ) .( ) . ( ) . . ( )
  • 170. :( ) " " " " " .. . . .. .. .. . ." ( ) :" " . . . . .
  • 171. ( ) : . . ( ) ( ) / / / / ) .( . . ( ) : ( ) : .. : : : . . . (.......) : :
  • 172. ." . . . . .( )
  • 173. . .( ) " " . . .. " " " "
  • 174. . . medium . ( ) ( ) ) ( ) ( ( ) . " " " " " " " " " " "
  • 175. . .( ) " " . . " " " " .( ) " " . . " " " " " " " "
  • 176. . .( ) " " " " . ( ) . . . . :( ) / . Formation )
  • 177. .( . .( ) / ..( ) Fission ( ) Dream Work :( ) . .
  • 178. .( ) . : : . . .
  • 179. . " " , .( ) : . : : . . ) .( .( ) . .
  • 180. . ) .( . . . . . ( ) .
  • 181. . . . , . . . .( ) " " . . . . ( ) " "
  • 182. " " .. . . ( ) . ( ) . . .
  • 183. . ) ( ) : ( ) ( ... .. .. .. .. . .. . .. : : .. .. . . : .. .. . : .. .. . . .. .( )
  • 184. . . . . . . . . . " " :( ) . . . , . . : .
  • 185. . " " : . . . . .. . " " . .. : . . . . ( ) .
  • 186. " " . " " " " " " " " " " " " ( ) ( ) ( : ) ( ) ( ) ( ) . . . ( ) .
  • 187. ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) .( ) . . . . . ( ) : " " . :( ) " ( ) . .
  • 188. ( ) " " . . . . . ( ) . . . ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) " " . .( )
  • 189. : ( ) : ( ) " " " " " " .( ) " " :( ) . .. . ( ) . : .( ) . : ) ( .
  • 190. : .( ) . : / : . / : . . : : : " " . . :
  • 191. . ( ) . . " " . . .( ) " " " " " " " ." " . : .( )
  • 192. : . . . : .( ) . ( ) ( ) . .
  • 193. " " . " " . . . " " .. . .. : : . . .( ) . : : . : . . . : . : . .( )
  • 194. ( ) . : . . . . " " " " " " " " . ( ) . ) ( ) . ( . ( )
  • 195. ( ) : ( ) " " ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( .( ) . " " " " " " ." " .
  • 196. ( ) ( ) ( ) . ( ) ( ) . ( ) ( ) . : : : . / ( ) ( ) . .
  • 197. . ( ) " " . .( ) . . . : : . " – – . .
  • 198. . . . . . . . . . ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) .( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) . . .
  • 199. . . . " " . . . – – . . . – . . " " .
  • 200. . " " ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) – . ) ( ) ( ) " " ( . . . " "
  • 201. . . . . . . .
  • 202. Walter Benjamin: Illuminations. T. Harry John, New York P., ( ) 217. . . . : ( ) . . . ( ) . ( ) . . . ( ) . . ( ) .( ) ( ) . . . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . . ( ) . . : ( ) . ( ) . . ( ) ( ) ( ) . . ( ) . :" " ( ) . . ( )
  • 203. ( ) . : : ( ) . : ( ) / / / / . / . ( ) : . : . : ( ) - Abams, M. H.: the Mirror and Lamp. Romantic theory and tradition, New York, 1958> - Eagleton, Terry, Literary theory. An Introduction, Basil Blackwell, London, 1983. . : - . Marxism and Literature. Oxford, . ( ) 1977. : ( ) . :" " Benjamin: Illuminations, p. 217. ( ) ( ) . . :" " Eagleton, T. Critixism and Ideology, London, N L B, P. 64 – 65. ( ) Macherey, P.: A Theory of Literary Production, P. 61. ( ) : . ( ) Bennet, T.: Formalism and Marxis, P. 38, 39.
  • 204. Eagleton, Ibid, PP. 90, 91. ( ) ( ) . : Wats (1) Conrad in the Nineteenth Century, London 1980. P. 140. 148. ( ) . . ( ) . . . . .. . " " ( ) . . . ( ) " " ( ) : ( ) . . . ( ) . ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) . . ( ) . ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) . . . ( )
  • 205. " " : : ( ) . ( ) . : ( ) . . : ( ) ( ) ( ) . . ( ) . . ( ) . ( ) . / ( ) . ( ) . / ( ) ( ) . History of the ( ) ( ) Novel . : George Lukacs: Theory of the Novel. Mitpress 1971. pp. 109 – 117. George Lukacs: the Historical Novel: Apergrine Book, London. 1969. The Rise of the Novel . . Apergrine Book ( ) Towards a Sociology of the Novel, p. 3 – 5.
  • 206. : : . • : • . : . • . • . • . • : . • : . • . : • . : • : . • . • . • : • . • :
  • 207. • . : . • : . •
  • 208. : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : . : . : . . : : . .
  • 209. . . : . . : . . . . . . . . : : . . : . . . . .
  • 210. . . . . . . . . . . . . . : : . . . : . .
  • 211. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : . .
  • 212. : ( ) . . . ) . ( ) . . ( . . . ) . ( ( ) . . ( ) . . . . ( ) . ( ) .
  • 213. . . . . .
  • 214. : . . . . . . . . . . . : . . .
  • 215. : 1- Abrams, M. H.: The Merror and the Lamp. Romantic Theory and the Critical Tradition. New York, 1958. 2- Althusser, L.: Lenin and Philosophy and other Essays Tr. Ben Brewster, London, New Left Book. 3- Althusser. L: For Marx. Tr. Ben Brwester, London. N L B, 1977. 4- Amin, Samiir: Imperialism and Unequal Develoment. Monthly Review, New York and London. 5- Benjamin, Wallter: Illumination, Tr. Herry John, New York. 6- Bent, Tony: Formalism and Marxism. New Accents, London, 1985. 7- Bottomore, Tom: Edited, by Modern Interpretations of Marx. Oxford, England. 1981. 8- Eagleton, Terry: Critism and Ideologe. London, N L B. Emmanual, N L B. 9- Emmanual, Arghiri: Unequal Exching. A study of the Imperialism of trad, trans. By brian pearce, London Montrhly Review Press, 1972. 10- Jameson, Fredric: Marxism and Form. Princeton, New Jersey, Princeton university press, 19745. 11- Goldman, Lucien: Towards a sociology of the Novel trans. By Alan Sheridan, Trastock Publications. 12- Goldman, Lucien: Method in the Sociology of Literature Trans. By Wilim: Z Boethomer Basll black well, Oxford. London. 1981. 13- Lukacs, Georg: the Historical Novel penguin books 1962. 14- Lukacs, George; theory of the Novel. The N I T Press 1977. 15- Macherey, P.: A theory of Literary Production. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, Boston and Henley, 1978. 16- Marx, Carl, Engels, Frederick: The German Ideology. Progress Publishers. Moscow, 1988. 17- Marx, C.: Engels E.: selected Correspondence. Moscow, 1965. Ian, Watt: the Rise of the Novel. Studies in Defoe. Richardson and Fielding, Benguin Books, 1962