WHEN WE COME TOGETHER    Embracing the user’s habits             Nicolaie Constantinescu             Information Architect...
IN SEARCH OF THE CONTEXT                 1495 Aristotle edition of Aldus Manutius           Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης        ...
Paul Marie                                                                             Ghislain Otlet                     ...
WHEN ALL BEGANTHE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN   Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE                       ...
WEB INFO RETRIEVAL TOOLSTHE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN   Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE             ...
TOOLS AND MEANSAt times we are tempted to considerweb technologies as a completemedium providing the means for arich growi...
WHAT GOES AROUND…THE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN   Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE                    ...
COMES AROUND!    Today we see many discrete information sources that need to be put in a revealing    context.    Everythi...
NEXT STEP <SEMANTIC/>THE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN   Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE                ...
SEMANTIC BROWSERSTHE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN   Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE                    ...
THE CAKETHE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN   Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE                             ...
SEMANTIC WEB?        The Semantic Web provides a common        framework that allows data to be shared and        reused a...
RESOURCE DESCRIPTION FRAMEWORK           RDF is a standard model for data interchange on the Web. RDF has           featur...
EXISTING STANDARDSTHE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN   Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE                   ...
LINKED OPEN DATATHE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN   Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE                     ...
LIBRARY LINKED DATALibrary Linked Data Incubator Group Final ReportW3C Incubator Group Report 25 October 2011 THE WORLD/EU...
CONCLUSION OF THE REPORT•   Library data is not integrated with web resources•   Library standards are designed only for t...
EUROPEANA EXAMPLE!                                                  http://version1.europeana.eu/web/lod/datasetsEuropeana...
THE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN   Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE                                     ...
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When we come together

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  • From early times we needed a reference system to understand the world and its tangible parts.We should perceive the early classifications from the perspective of establishing a context: a milestoned space of understanding.
  • The period between 1920 and 1940 marks the most ambitious human project: Mundaneum.Again we do speak about a framework Paul Otlet put together, another attempt to make sense out of the separate parts of information. Mundaneum demonstrated another thing: how frail are these type of projects, and how little are they understood.
  • From “Vague, but exciting” to the “cloud” there was such a short period…
  • Users habits are embraced with ease because even the information specialist are users themselves.And we are better in retrieving information when we combine it whit what we’ve already got in our collections.We do not retrieve information, we enclose “relevance” through meaning in references.But, this very act is the one who establishes the “context”.
  • Discrete types of information exist around a particular point of interest (subject), but apparently there is no link between to offer them a chance beyond their limited boundaries.The web acts like a shaman throwing the bones on the table. The way they are falling forms a meaning for the shaman and is not relevant for everybody, but for one at a particular point in time.
  • Apparently discrete pieces of information, discrete components of collections, and all the material and abstract seems to be clearly separated at times. There are lights when they are contextualized along a particular subject.
  • The link between Jules Verne and Neuromancer (Wiliam Gibson) is in some sort of sens “natural” in this type of presentation offering literally inroads for a researcher to get his own personal tailored contextualized space.
  • When we come together

    1. 1. WHEN WE COME TOGETHER Embracing the user’s habits Nicolaie Constantinescu Information Architect www.kosson.ro kosson@gmail.com
    2. 2. IN SEARCH OF THE CONTEXT 1495 Aristotle edition of Aldus Manutius Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Porphyry of Tyre Ancient Greek: Πορυύριος, Porphyrios, 384 BC – 322 BC), AD 234–c. 305) was a Neoplatonic philosopher who was a student of Plato, born in Tyre. Writes an Introduction to Aristotle’s teacher of Alexander the Great. Categories introducing Aristotle’s logic into NeoplatonismTHE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE 2011
    3. 3. Paul Marie Ghislain Otlet author,THE FIRST ATTEMPT entrepreneur, visionary, lawyer and peace activist; considered the father of information scienceTHE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE 2011
    4. 4. WHEN ALL BEGANTHE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE 2011
    5. 5. WEB INFO RETRIEVAL TOOLSTHE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE 2011
    6. 6. TOOLS AND MEANSAt times we are tempted to considerweb technologies as a completemedium providing the means for arich growing resource body ofknowledge.Web offers TOOLS and MEANS.Only content is the KINGTHE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE 2011
    7. 7. WHAT GOES AROUND…THE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE 2011
    8. 8. COMES AROUND! Today we see many discrete information sources that need to be put in a revealing context. Everything is a resource! Resources need to be put in a particular “order” to form a meaning. Meaningful bundles of resources build the context for one to extract knowledge or to put other resources to enlarge the existent one.THE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE 2011
    9. 9. NEXT STEP <SEMANTIC/>THE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE 2011
    10. 10. SEMANTIC BROWSERSTHE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE 2011
    11. 11. THE CAKETHE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE 2011
    12. 12. SEMANTIC WEB? The Semantic Web provides a common framework that allows data to be shared and reused across application, enterprise, and community boundaries. It is a collaborative effort led by W3C with participation from a large number of researchers and industrial partners. It is based on the Resource Description Framework ( RDF).http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/THE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE 2011
    13. 13. RESOURCE DESCRIPTION FRAMEWORK RDF is a standard model for data interchange on the Web. RDF has features that facilitate data merging even if the underlying schemas differ, and it specifically supports the evolution of schemas over time without requiring all the data consumers to be changed.An RDF triple contains three components:the subject, which is an RDF URI reference or a blank nodethe predicate, which is an RDF URI referencethe object, which is an RDF URI reference, a literalor a blank nodeTHE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE 2011
    14. 14. EXISTING STANDARDSTHE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE 2011
    15. 15. LINKED OPEN DATATHE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE 2011
    16. 16. LIBRARY LINKED DATALibrary Linked Data Incubator Group Final ReportW3C Incubator Group Report 25 October 2011 THE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. October DIGITAL AGE 2011
    17. 17. CONCLUSION OF THE REPORT• Library data is not integrated with web resources• Library standards are designed only for the library community• Library data is expressed primarily in natural-language text• The library community and Semantic Web community have different terminology for similar metadata concepts• Library technology changes depend on vendor systems developmentLibrary Linked Data Incubator Group: Datasets, Value Vocabularies, and Metadata Element Sets http://www.w3.org/2005/Incubator/lld/XGR-lld-vocabdataset-20111025/THE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE 2011
    18. 18. EUROPEANA EXAMPLE! http://version1.europeana.eu/web/lod/datasetsEuropeana Linked Open DataThe data.europeana.eu pilot is part of Europeanas ongoing effort of making its metadataavailable as Linked Open Data on the Web. It allows others to access metadata collected fromEuropeana providers, via standard Web technologies, enrich this metadata and give thisenriched metadata back to the providers. Links between Europeana resources and otherresources in the Linked Data Web will enable discovery of semantically related resources, as,say, when two artworks are created by artists who are related to each other.The data is represented in the Europeana Data Model (EDM) and the described resources areaddressable and dereferencable by their URIs - for instance,http://data.europeana.eu/item/09404/C3C50BD0958EE18ECE1B8F93780DC84D8273664Fleads either to an HTML page on the Europeana portal for the object it identifies or to raw,machine-processable data on this object.THE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE 2011
    19. 19. THE WORLD/EUROPEAN HORIZONS OF LIBRARIANSHIP IN Belgrade, 27–28. OctoberDIGITAL AGE 2011

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